WorldWar 2 was fought from the year 1939 to the year 1945. The war was foughtbetween the Allied Forces and the Axis powers. the Allied Forces whichconsisted The British, French, USSR, China and the US, (The US only joined thewar after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese).
The Axis powersconsisted of Nazi Germany, Italy and the Japanese Empire. During the years of the war, there were manygreat leaps in military technologies which took places such as the development ofthe use of Radar, Artillery, tanks, mines, Etc. However, it was the developmentof Fighters aircrafts which saw the most progress during the war. Manyhistorians claim that the its was Aircraft technology which helped the alliedforces win the war. When diving into these claims, one can say that it wherethe American fighter aircrafts helped dominate the skies of Europe and thePacific.
Although they were many aircraft’s that where built and used by the Americans during the war, aircraftssuch as the Curtiss P-40, Lockheed P-38 lightning, North American Aviation’s P-51, B-25 Mitchell andthe Boeing B-29 Supper- Fortress1,made a dent in the Axis Sphere of control. Resulting in the Allied Victory. Curtis P-402 The P-40 was a single engine, single seat andall metal fighter. The plane was made manufactured by the Curtis-WrightCorporation in the year 1938. The P-40 was developed from its older Brother theP-36 Hawk. 3Theaircraft was powered by the 1360hp Allison V-1710-81 inline piston engine. 4TheP-40 Could climb up to a height of 38,000 ft., had a speed of 360 mph and had arange of 240 miles .
Although theAircraft was slower not very maneuverable than most fighters. However, this didgive the airplane when it came to range because of the bigger fuel tanks andits ability to fight in close quarters due to its wing mounted guns, M2Browning Machine Guns which could fire 235 rounds, which helped in bringingdown aircrafts such as the Bf 190 and Fw 190. The primary role of the P-40 wasbomber escort, fighter and close air support aircraft. The P-40 mainly servedin the south west pacific war, North Africa war.
The P-40 was low costproduction hence it had advantage being still produced even when the war ended.While other fighter aircrafts became obsolete. 5Thetotal number of P-40 built was around 1500. Lockheed P-38 lightning6The P-38 Was manufacturedby Lockheed, the first flight of the aircraft happened on 27thJanuary 1939. The aircraft was Lockheed first military aircraft to be made. 7TheAircraft was powered by the Two 1475 hp Allison V-1710-111/113 V-12piston engines which where super charged. Thus, letting the aircraft to have atop speed of 414 mph and have a cruise altitude of 44,000 feet.
8TheP-38 had a gun which was 37 mm and 4 nose guns which were 12.7 mm. The p-38 had a range of 2,600 miles. Pilotswho flew the aircraft stated that manuver-ability was on point and were happyby it high altitude capability and it endurance. This lead the aircraft to beused in long range escort missions, Recon mission, dive bombing and nightattacks. The P-38 was one of the fastest aircrafts in the war.
9TheP-38 was one of the most successful aircraft especially in the War in the Pacificand Burma – India campaignagainst the Japanese. However, it was through Army Major Richard I. Bong that helpedput the p-38 in the light. He was able score 40 aerial combat victories whichmade him the highest scoring American ace in the war.
The P-38 was the onlyAircraft to by in high production throughout the war. By the end of the warover 10,037 p-38 were made. bomber forthe UN forces.
North American P-51 Mustang 10 The P-51 was made by North American Aviation, theaircraft had its first flight on 26th October 1940. The P-51 waspowered by 11One1,695-hp Packard Merlin V-1650-7 piston V-12 engine. This gave the machine atop speed of 437 mph and could climb to height of 41,900 feet.
When comparingto the P-40 and P-38, the Mustang has an incredible range of 1300 miles. Althoughthe P-51 entered in the last stages of the war its saw most of its action inthe 12India/China/BurmaTheatre and the air raids over Germany during the final chapter of the war. TheP-51 was used mainly for escort mission, Reconnaissance and a fighter-bomber.The Mustang was fitted with 6, 12.7mm M2 Browning Machine Guns. Mustang Pilots have claimed to have takendown a total of 4,950 enemy aircraft. After World War 2 the P-51 became a standardfighter for the Airforce and the Navy. The P-51 did see a lot of action in theKorean war where it served as a specialised Fighter aircraft and after theKorean war, the P-51 saw itself to be a racing aircraft due to its speed as wasin civilian racing.
The total number of P-51 built were around 15,018. North American B-25 Mitchell13 The B-25 was produced by NorthAmerican Aviation, its first flight happed on August 19th 1940. Thiswas the same company that made the P-51 mustang. 14TheB-25 was powered by two 1,700-hp Wright R-2600-92 Cyclone radial pistonengines. This let the aircraft have a speed of 272 mph and let it climb to analtitude of 24,00 feet. The aircraft had a range of 1,350 miles. 15TheB-25 was mounted with 75 mm cannon and a two gun turrets which was used inanti-hipping missions. However the main purpose of the B-25 was used as abomber in the Pacific war, It had the ability to carry around 4,000 pounds ofbombs.
It was the first US aircraft to fly over Japan and attack the targets.They were even the heaviest aircraft during the war to take off from a ship atsea. In Burma,the B-25 was often used to attack Japanese communication links, especiallybridges in central Burma. It also helped supply the troops in Imphal, India, 1944. By the end of the war it was most widely usedbomber by the allied forces. 16The B-25 was one the most durable Aircraft and wasgiven the nickname “Patches”. After the war the B-25 was used as a training aircraftbetween 1951 and 1957.
The total number of B-25 built were around 9,816. Boeing B-29Supper fortress 17 TheB-29 was made by Boeing, It had its first flight on 21st September1942. 18TheFour2,200-hp Wright R-3350-23-23A/-41 Cyclone 18 turbocharged radial.
This allowedthe aircraft to have a top speed of 358 mph and could climb to an altitude of31,850 feet. The range of the B-29 was 5,592 miles 19Theaircraft was armed with two 12.7-mm machine guns in each of remote-controlledturrets, plus three 12.
7-mm (0.5-inch) machine guns. The B-29 was designed as aheavy bomber, the B-29 saw most of the action in the war in the Pacific and notEurope. This was due the delay production delayed caused by Boeing.
The B-29 came into the light when it was used todrop the atomic bomb was dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Over the course of the war, B-29s flew 20,000sorties and dropped 200,000 tons of bombs. The B-29 was used in 1950–53 in the Korean War. the bomber was used in normalstrategic day-bombing missions. Thetotal number of B-29 bombers built was 3,970. Statistic Page for theFighter aircrafts.
Type of Fighter 20P- 38 21P- 40 22P-51 Engine Two 1475 hp Allison V-1710-111/113 V-12 piston engine. 1360hp Allison V-1710-81 inline piston engine. 1,695-hp Packard Merlin V-1650-7 piston V-12 engine. Airspeed ( MPH ) 414 360 437 Max Altitude ( Ft.) 44,000 38,000 41,900 Range ( miles) 240 2,300 1,300 Number of units built 10,037 1,500 15,018 Statistic Page for the Bombers aircrafts Type of Fighter 23B-25 24B-29 Engine Two 1,700-hp Wright R-2600-92 Cyclone radial piston engines.
Four 2,200-hp Wright R-3350-23-23A/-41 Cyclone 18 turbocharged radial engines. Airspeed ( MPH ) 272 358 Max Altitude ( Ft.) 24,000 31,850 Range ( miles) 5,592 1,350 Number of units built . 9,816 3,970 Conclusion To conclude it can be well understood that if not forthese American built aircraft, the allied force would have had a harder battleto fight when it came against the Axis powers aircrafts.
Another point that canbe made without these aircrafts, there would have not been growth in aircrafttechnology and let them help shape the modern fighter which allow countries tokeep peace and stable security. These aircrafts showed that the aircrafts canbe used for sports such as stunt flying and air-racing. The final point I wouldpersonally like shape is that without these aircraft Companies such as Boeingor Lockheed would have not made commercial aircrafts which could carry people halfway across the world without stopping for fuel. Bibliographyhttp://www.world-war-2-planes.com/american-world-war-2-planes.html1 http://www.world-war-2-planes.com/american-world-war-2-planes.html 2http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm3http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm4http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm5 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm 6https://vqwarbirds.com/product/vq-p-38-lightning-83-arf-46-epgp-olive/7http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm8http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm9http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm10 http://www.mustangsmustangs.net/p-51/variants/p51d11 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p51.htm12 http://www.mustangsmustangs.net/p-51/variants/p51a 13 http://www.collingsfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/B25-3.jpg14 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm15 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm16 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm17 http://d2rormqr1qwzpz.cloudfront.net/photos/2016/01/27/85148-rininger_1.jpg18 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b29.htm19 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b29.htm 20 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p38.htm21 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p40.htm22 http://www.warbirdalley.com/p51.htm23 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b25.htm24 http://www.warbirdalley.com/b29.htm