WhenEuropeans first came to the New World they were coming in search of land and newriches.
The Europeans did not however account for the Native Americans already settledthere and therefore led to a clash between the cultures. Some of the clashesbetween the two cultures include land, religion, disease, and slavery. One of the main clashes these two groupsof people had was over land and how it was used.
The Spanish believed that landis owned by an individual and they can use it for whatever that person desires.The Spanish viewed how much land a man owned as a sort of social status or howmuch money he had. Owning land showed not only how wealthy a man was but alsohow much political power/influence he had. Many people in England at the timewere poor so, the government offered the people of England free land if theywould risk the journey across the Atlantic to the Americas.
For many Spaniardit was like a dream come true a chance to make a living and the possibility to becomepart of the elite class. On the otherhand the Native Americans viewed the land as communal for anyone to use, not tobe claimed and sold for individual use. They viewed the land as spiritual, foranyone to use, but not to own. Although the Native Americans were not settled acrossthe land they still would utilize all of it. The Europeans view was that if you’renot there than it’s up for grabs. The difference in viewpoints over land wasone of the main clash of cultures these two sides had.
The second clash would be when the cultures meet,on the subject of religion. The English settlers believed in the Christianfaith, in the belief of one true God. The English believed that everyone shouldbelieve in the one true God, and they were shocked when they found out that theNative Americans were fine with their polytheistic spiritual religion. TheEnglish quickly began to distrust the Native Americans due to their lack in theChristian faith.
The Native Americans believed in the spirits and that everythingin the universe depends on one another. They also recognized the creators in everydaylife. The Native Americans put their beliefs in the aspects of nature. Whether it be anything from the grass to themoon. The English could not grasp the concept of why they believed the way theydid and in turn started to view the Native Americans as evil because they didnot believe in the Christian God. Along with many of the Europeans, the EnglishColonists tried to convert the Native Americans to the Christian faith. Theyquickly found out they would not be able to convert the Native Americans andquickly began the clash of cultures between the two civilizations.
Thelast major clash between the Native Americans and the Europeans was the spreadof disease and enslavement. Europeans would bring diseases on boats to the NewWorld such as smallpox’s and that was completely foreign to the Native American’s.Native Americans had no immunity to this disease and would often kill off wholetribes of Native American’s. Small pox is just one example of a disease thatthe Europeans bought over, many other diseases were transported by theEuropeans that would cause devastation to the Native American civilization. Ontop of the diseases, the Native Americans were conquered and enslaved on theland they called their home.
The Spaniards were best known for this. Although slaveryis not new to the Americas, the Aztecs in Mexico also enslaved fellow NativeAmericans and the Spanish would come in and wipe them out with over-whelmingease. The Europeans had weapons the Native Americans have never seen beforealong with armor that would render there arrows useless. The Europeans also hadanimals such as the horse the Native Americans have never seen before making theconquer of the Native Americans brutal and swift. Enslavement and diseaseplayed a key role in the clash of cultures between the Native Americans and theEuropeans. Many European countries at thispoint in time were trying to find new ways to become richer, and they happenedto run into a whole untapped country, the Americas.
When looking at colonies inthe New World we look at three major European powers: the English, the French,and the Spaniards. As the English migrated West, they sent outRoyal Charters all along the East Coast of the Americas all the way up to theMississippi River in search of land and riches. Most of the English populationthat was sent to the New World were traders, farmers, artisans, along withother middle class citizens. The English were coming over by the thousands,they would quickly start to outnumber many of the Native American groups alongwith some of the other countries who were also settling in the Americas.
Englandallowed the Parliament to establish their own government: come up with taxes aslong as it did not go against the crown. The English would also come to the NewWorld to practice “religious freedom” or Christian Independence as the peopleof England would view it. In New England is where the Puritans settled and theywere strict about what religion you were. In New England there was notreligious tolerance whatsoever. In the middle colonies however they were moreacceptant on who was allowed to settle there. The middle colonies had somereligious freedom, they would not persecute you if you did not follow theChristian faith. The English had major economic success in the areas offishing, farming, and trading. The middle colonies were the major economiccolonies due to the farms they had there.
In the Southern Colonies, they hadplantations and grew mainly tobacco and rice. When the French came over to the NewWorld they settled mainly in Canada. The French started setting up tradingposts and would trade with the Native American tribes. The French first settledin Canada but would eventually utilized the Mississippi river and go as farsouth as Louisiana. The first of the French people to arrive in the New worldwere the merchants, traders, and missionaries. Later on, the French would beone of the first European powers to have a military presence in to the coloniesthe French have set up in the New World.
The French government in the New Worldwas completely governed by the king of France, nothing would happen ingovernment unless it was run by the king in France. The French were heavilyCatholic and wanted to spread their religion to the local Native Americantribes. The fur trade was the French’s main source of economic success. TheFrench also encouraged farming efforts as well but many plantations along theMississippi River valley failed.
The Spanish were the first toarrive, the crown in Spain sponsored conquests in order to bring back glory andriches to Spain. The Spanish settled mainly in the South and Southwesternregions along with a few sections of California. The first of the Spanishpopulation to arrive in the New world were the traders, conquistadors, farmers,and soldiers. The government set up by the Spanish in the new world wasgoverned by the crown who would in turn appoint viceroys or governors to lookover the territory in the Americas. The Viceroys and governors had little poweras most of the real government power was held by the king in Spain. Thereligion set up in the New World by the Spanish was the Catholic Church.Settlers were restricted to Christianity, all of the Protestants were drivenout of Spanish territory.
The Spanish also hoped to spread Christianity to theNative American tribes around where they settled. The Spanish economy was alsobased on trade and farming, however farming was more successful in the West.The commerce of the Spanish was controlled by a board of trade, withregulations strictly enforced by the Spanish government. Earth is becoming overpopulated andwe need new places to live. Mars would be a valid option because there is a tonof unclaimed land and resources that are just waiting for someone to take. The importantparts of colonizing mars are: acceptance with open arms, a strong military a strongeconomy, and opportunity. The colony on Mars will be acceptingpeople with open arms from earth to be able to come and settle in the colony.From the farmers of earth to the future Bill Gates from mars everyone will havean opportunity to be able to move to my colony.
It is important to have peoplefrom all social classes in order for a society to function correctly. Withoutthe farmers and other small industries there would be no opportunity for therich upper class to become so financially successful. Also, the bigger thenumbers you have in your colony the more influence you will have if you runinto other groups living on Mars. The colony would want to live at peace andrespect the groups already living there. But if they attack the colony we willhave to use our military force to keep them from harming our citizens.
There is an overpopulation problem occurringon the Earth, and it is only growing. The colony on Mars will help theoverpopulation problem that is occurring on earth. Also, earth is running out ofor resources.
Colonizing on a whole new planet with no known life on it willincrease the potential to gain riches in. Overpopulation on earth will, in thefuture, leave earth with a housing problem. The colony on Mars will provide newland and space for people to live. Itwill provide new opportunities for people to come and find new jobs and have achance to live a wealthier elitist life.
The colony will not accept anyconvicts or prisoners. The colony is a place of respect and honesty and prisonerswould be hard to incorporate into that kind of society. The new resources willalso help boost my economy, being able to mine new resources that haven’t beentouched before will in turn make the colony rich. The resource expeditions willbe funded by billionaires on earth who have interest in investing in the miningwe will be doing in my colony. The colonies economy will be solelybased around mining for resources and trading thoseand live for free if theywill work in the mines and contribute to the colonies economic success. Mycolony rewards people who come and work in the mining business by giving thefree land to live on when they arrive here, a piece of the stocks in the miningbusiness, and the opportunity to become apart of the elitist class of society.
By praising this kind of lifestyle this grooms the people of the colony to growup and want the best for the colony. The colony will also support small businessesthat will try and make a living for themselves because small business isimportant to not just the economy but to everyday life. We will have land setaside for the farmers and other essential workers to make sure our economystays strong. It is a necessity that the colonywould have a strong standing military.
It would be a top priority in the colonythat it will have assembled a strong, big military. It is one of the top prioritiesto protect the citizens living within my colony. If there are any other groupssettled on Mars that seek to do the colony harm there needs to be a standingmilitary ready to defend the people. If there is land that needs militarypresence to protect valuable resources it will need to have a military presenceready to take control of the land. Military I believe is the most importantthing to have when looking at a colony, without a military there is no one toprotect the territory that the colony has claimed as their own and anyone wouldbe able to just come in and take the territory that the colony has claimed.