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What are Automated Guiding Vehicles?

Automated guided vehicles (AGV) are transportable robot-like machines that monitor
signs or wires on the ground, or uses vision, electromagnets, or lasers for
routing. They are used very often these days in manufacturing applications to
transfer things in an industrial facility or warehouse. The first Automated
guided vehicle was made by Barrett Electronics in 1954.

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Characteristics of Automated Guided Vehicle

·       Fully

Using an
automated vehicle, provides the advantage of route navigation by using
software. It helps to get the actual location of pick-up and delivery. AGV can
carry different type of item without the help of human power and reduce the
chance of accidents.

·       Consistent
and Reliable

It can do all
material handling with efficient and accurate way and more reliable than
humans. By avoiding human errors, it helps to make more profit and speed.

·       Flexible and

AGV is
adaptable to every operation. It can modify up to the requirements of
operations, whether it carry light weight or heavy items. If manager need to
make any changes in operations, they can simply update the changes in software
and the vehicle can easily navigate to take items and deposit that to the right

·       Productive

 we can connect the AGV with warehouse
management system, it allows better control over the material handling and make
high productivity.

·       Return on

AGVs are
designed and hardwired to work 24/7 when coupled with organised warehouse these
machines can deliver a high rate of return on investment. The workers can use these
machines as a facilitating tool to get their work done easily, reducing the
work load make them more efficient.

of AGV

·       Avoids Damage


 The use of
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV’s) will reduce the amount of damage in the
warehouse. The using of fork trucks in the warehouse may increase the chance of
damages. The use of Automated Guided Vehicles eliminates the facility and
equipment damage by the conventional fork trucks.




·       Shipping


 Poor shipping
accuracy is linked to low level of customer satisfaction and it requires extra
cost for correcting errors. The Automated Guided Vehicles could help for the
reduction in miss-shipments and product loss.


·       Safety


The use of Automated Guided Vehicles provides more
safety. When the workers in the warehouse using fork truck it may leads to
accidents. The Automated Guided Vehicles eliminate the fork truck related
accidents. So, it ensures more safety in the warehouse.


·       Automatic
Guided Vehicles reduce Labour Costs.

Automatic Guided vehicles would help in the
reduction of labour costs by cutting down the existing employees who are
required for moving of goods from one place to another in the warehouse.

·       Automatic
Guided Vehicles are less expensive than Fixed Automatic system.


Fixed automation system would be expensive during the
implementation of system in the warehouse and it would affect the warehouse
activities during the implementation. Automatic Guided vehicle on the other
side, are inexpensive on implementation and it would not affect the day to day
activities in the warehouse during the implementation process.


·       Improves
storage efficiency


Automatic Guided Vehicles would help in efficient storing
of inventories in the warehouse by systematic and fast movement of inventories
in the warehouse. Thus, system makes an efficient movement of goods in the


How AGV benefits eBay:

The need to adjust any physical barriers manually is removed by using an
AGV. Its univocal flexibility system eliminates the need to physically remove


Its autonomous system allows routing vehicles built on real-time
feedback of the surrounding conditions with navigational adjustments.


They are set
with CAD-based software that finds the available routes automatically.


They are also
automatically indicated as to where to pick or deposit a consignment.


They are
often guided by an eBay employee in the beginning, so that their paths can be
updated on the CAD system.


Setting up an AGV is easy. They need no additional wiring. They only
thing they need on their path are charging receptacles, which the eBay
employees put at convenient locations.


These machines don’t need a routine battery change-up. They are only
required to be charged for 2 mins to give them 30 mins of working capacity thus
saving time for eBay.


They use of ultrasonic sensors and visual indicators, emergency stop
buttons, contact bumpers round the edge of the vehicle hence offering best
safety in the working environment.



It is obvious that companies like eBay
are noticing the long-term value in AGVs as an answer for automated material
transport. The motives are simple. For most of it, AGVs offer a considerable
return on investment (ROI), equally increasing protection.



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