What basically is child abuse andwhy is it an issue? Child abuse is physical, psychological or sexual neglect ofa child or children by their parent(s), guardians or caregivers. It is when theguardian or parent does not give the care, devotion, surveillance and support neededby a child’s well-being and health. Child abuse also includes child labor andexploitation. According to World Health Organization (WHO), every year, there are an estimated 41,000 homicide deaths inchildren under 15 years of age because of sexual molestation and physicalmaltreatment.
It is a global issue and the reason why I have chosen this topicis that this issue is rapidly growing, not only in subcontinent but all partsof world and yet strict attention is not paid to this issue.The questionthat arises in our minds is “Why doeschild abuse even happen?” There are certain factors that can lead to likelihoodof harm which includes stress- financial problems, medical problems or jobpressure-, lack of parenting skills- lack of literacy, not being able tobrought up kids in a proper way-, use of drugs and alcohol and the last but notthe least poor childhood experiences- intergenerational patterns of abuse. Furthermore,the society attitudes are also a contributing factor towards child abuse. Why is that kids don’t raise up their voicesand report such incidents? The kids are scared to show up or hesitate by thefear of the person who has already abused them most of the times and the othertimes the children are ashamed to share such incidents with anyone when ithappens in home or by their family members.The severance and the need to stopthis issue from growing can be deduced from the fact that almost 1 billion children aged 2–17years experienced physical, sexual, emotional or multiple types of violence. According to kids health organization almost 3 million childrenare abused in USA alone and these are only the reported incidents. According to a survey held by W.
H.O 73 million boys and150 million girls under the age of 18 have been subjected to forced sexualintercourses and different kinds of abuses and violence. A global School-basedstudent health survey found that 20% and 65% of school going children have reportedto be verbally and physically abused or bullied in last 30 days. UNICEFestimated that more than 3 million females in subcontinent, Sudan and Egypt aresubjected to female genital mutilation every year.Child abuse in India is often a secret aspect when ithappens at home or by family members.
A surprising fact: intra-family or abusethat takes place at schools or government homes has received minimal attentionof all. The old tradition of children being highly dependent on their parents evenafter they moved out even after they moved out of their parental home mightseem very respectful but has proved to have negative effects on childprotection and strategies. Immense number of child abuse cases a home arereally hard to attain as they go unreported. India does not have a law thatprotects children against abuse In the home. 3rd April 2017, a BBC article calls Europeas a ‘hub’ of child abuse.