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  Welch,K. J. (2011-07-01). Family Life Now: Census Update, 2nd Edition.Bookshelf Online. Retrieved from https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781323234549/ Sue, S.

(1991). Ethnicity and culture in psychological research and practice. In J. D.Goodchilds (Ed.

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), Psychological perspectives on human diversity in america;psychological perspectives on human diversity in america. (pp. 47-85, 192Pages). Washington: American Psychological Association, American PsychologicalAssociation, Washington, DC.doi:http://dx.doi.

org.ezproxy2.apus.edu/10.1037/11105-002 Ennis R. S., Rios-VargasM.

, & Albert G. N. (2010). Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin. 2010Census Briefs. Retrieved from https://www.

census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-04.pdfRace andEthnicity Classifications.

(n.d.). State Data Center Retrieved from www.

iowadatacenter.org/aboutdata/raceclassificationSirkin,R. M. (2006).

Statistics for the social sciences Thousand Oaks, CA:SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781412985987References                                                 My wife, children, and I are aninterracial family. My wife identifies as African American, I am Caucasian. Mychildren could mark both on the census. Interracial couples have become morecommon over the last few decades. You could always make the Census moredetailed, but the Census Bureau’s classifications line up with mine.

Personally, I can’t think of anyone that is not represented in the census whenit is filled out properly. With the My conceptualization andoperationalization mirror the Census Bureau’s standards:            We must be careful how weoperationalize race. If not, it will result in inaccurate data collection/conclusions.Furthermore, researchers need to ensure the census, questionnaires, surveys,and research methods are written properly. If not, many individuals couldassociate themselves with the wrong population.

Anytime you change thecategories, chances are the race conclusions will change. Operationalizationdifferences producing different conclusions about race:             Over the decades, the Hispanicpopulation has continued to increase. The census is a massive undertaking. Ittakes a great deal of time, effort, and resources to ensure it is completedcorrectly. The census is used to collect a great deal of data from the country.It is important to ensure the census reflects the population accurately.

Anything worth doing, is worth doing right. More importantly, many legislativeprograms are affected by data collected from the census (Ennis, et al., 2011). Beforethe census changes, many citizens were not classifying themselvescorrectly.  The reason for the CensusChanges:              In 2010, the census bureau needed tomake a notable alteration to address the shifting diversity in America. Sincethe 1970’s, the census has been revised to expand the data gathering ofHispanic statistics.

Also, in from 2000 to 2010, over fifty percent of theAmerican populace increase was due to the population identifying as Hispanic(Ennis, Rios-Vargas, & Albert, 2011). Overall, it has been increasinglyimportant to gather information on this group. So, the census bureau changedthe wording to the Hispanic origin question in three ways. They changed it tobe more inclusive, it took away the requirement to mark “not Spanish, and itincluded Hispanic countries previously not listed in the 2000 census.

Census Bureau Changes:             Pacific Islander’s are descendantsfrom the original societies of Hawaii, Gaum, and other Pacific Islands (Raceand Ethnicity Classifications, n.d.). Pacific Islander:             Asian individuals can trace their ancestryfrom the original cultures of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or Indiansubcontinent. Asian:AmericanIndian’s can trace their genetics back to the cultures/people that originallylived in North and South America. However, they retain tribal ties,affiliation, or attachments to the American Indian community. American Indian:Caucasianindividuals have biological origins of people originally from the Middle East,North America, or Europe. Caucasian/White:AfricanAmericans can trace their lineage back to the original people of Africa.

  African American/Black: Operationalizing the RaceVariable:             Questionnaires, surveys, andresearch are notorious for conducting studies of racial differences. Typically,a person’s race will be designated as African American/Black, White/Caucasian,American Indian, Asian, or Pacific Islander (Sue, 1991). Conceptualizing the RaceVariable: Theoperational definition would assign a value to variables that would measure aconceptual idea. It is taking conceptualization a step further. In research, wemust be able to measure the results of what is being studied (Welch, 2011). Forexample, one may try to determine if one state is more religious than another.To do this, you would have to operationalize the variable. Hours reading thebible, the percent of income given to the church, and hours spent volunteeringcould be used to measure a person’s religiousness.

Operationalization:             The conceptual definition is ageneral definition to make an abstract term perceptible/tangible. Typically, theconstruct refers to intangibles, and are mental creations (Welch, 2011). Youcan find conceptual definitions in a textbooks or dictionaries (Sirkin,2006).  Freedom, democracy, or religionwould provide good examples to research a conceptual definition. Conceptualization: Conceptualizing & Operationalizing Variables American Military University StudentBy Carl CovingtonConceptualizing & Operationalizing Variables     

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