Victorian FurnitureThe Victorian Period in furniture dates from approximately 1830-1890. The reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) and her love of the ornate greatly affected design styles during this period. Most Victorian furniture is a mixture of many other styles including Gothic, Tudor, Elizabethan, Rococo, and Neoclassic, with Gothic and Rococo being the most common. True Victorian furniture is difficult to recognize because of this mixing of styles. There was a greater diversity of styles in Victorian Britain than in the eighteenth century. The desire of the new rich to be seen on equal terms with the landowning aristocracy, or to be better than them, the desire of the rapidly developing industrial and business community to find the style that fit them, and the desire of an increasingly powerful middle class to tell the world about their new status – all these aspirations made it impossible for one style to meet everyone’s demands.Victorian characteristics Different type of patternThe most distinguishable characteristics of Victorian furniture can be seen in the carvings with natural images like flora and leafy patterns and curving lines. Wood Decoration Almost as if to make up for the lack of custom furniture, Victorian pieces often included elaborate carvings, embellishments and ornamentation. Carved wood ran along the chairs backs and arms, but you’d also find it on other pieces such as bed frames and dressers that feature shapely leaves, trailing vines, fleur-de-leis, ribbons and bows, and, sometimes, fat cherubs. Wood might be dark and finished or painted and gold gilded, depending on the piece.Wood UsedMost of the pieces of Victorian Furniture were made of walnut, rosewood or mahogany. The replicas of these are of stained cheery hues and deep brown to give them a look of the Victorian Era.Machines UsedThe most important machines of the time were used for the basic tasks. Sawing, planing, molding, morticing, tenoring, dovetailing, and carving were what the machines were mostly used for. Some of the new tools could be used for more than one of those tasks. Those tools are called “general joiners.” The circular saw was introduced at the end of the 18th Century. This saw was very important during the Victorian times. It cut really cleanly and accurately. This saw did away with the need to dovetail and lowered the cost needed to make furniture.The Time PeriodThe Victorian Era was a time of great changes to everyday life in 19th Century England. People are still experiencing those changes even till this day now. The introduction of new machines greatly improved many aspects of the furniture building process. Not only did the machines make the work quicker, it also made it cheaper. The new machines also made the furniture more accurately than doing the work by hand. This lowered the cost of furniture making it accessible for not only the rich but for the working class as well.