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Traffic Congestion is a major issue environmentally, and economically. There have been many attempts to reduce this issue, but not many have succeeded. This huge issue is a very relevant issue to people everyday. People commuting to work, school, activities, or simply to go to dinner or the store must face the dreaded traffic. However, this traffic is much more complicated than what it seems.Cars are bad for the environment. That is very common knowledge, but people are not aware of the severity of environmental damage that vehicles cause. Motorized vehicles release PM’s, Hydrocarbons, Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon Monoxide, and Sulfur Dioxide. Each of these pollutants are extremely hazardous to the atmosphere in the form of reducing ozone, contributing to climate change, and lung irritation (Cars, 2014). These cars, busses, trucks, and any other vehicle that uses gasoline as a fuel source are constantly emitting these harmful gases, however, its not always a constant emission. When vehicles accelerate they release more pollutants than while they are coasting or stationary. While a vehicle is in traffic there is constant braking and accelerating. So a traffic jam actually magnifies the damage that vehicles deal to the environment(Hermes 2012).Much of the traffic that occurs on the road is caused by an individual who must stop or slow down for any reason. This decision results in the car behind it slowing down, then the car behind it, and so on. This is what is referred to a phantom traffic, because it seems as if there is no reason for the traffic jam, when in reality, there was a very time reason. As researched by Joe Palca (2013), keeping a half car length away from the car in front and behind you can help prevent or reduce a traffic jam.The biggest question is why this has become an issue. People wonder why we cannot simply add an additional lane onto a highway and give people more room to drive, relieving people from traffic congestion. There is an interesting study conducted by Matthew Turner and Gilles Duranton (2014) where the “Fundamental Law of Traffic Congestion” was discovered. It states that “new roads will create new drivers, resulting in the intensity of traffic staying the same”. We cannot simply add more lanes to a road, because new drivers, who wouldn’t have taken that route before now see that as a better option. There is a larger population of drivers on that road, which now fills the new lanes, still resulting in traffic. There is an unlimited demand for roads, and we will always utilize whatever we are supplied.The way to lower the demand of using particular roads is to make people pay for them. Toll roads discourage drivers from taking main highways. This disperses the drivers, which reduces traffic severity (Turner, Duranton 2014)It is very difficult to fight traffic congestion. The most common ways either worsen the environment that we are trying to save, or force people to spend money on a public good. Neither way is preferable, but something must be done. We continue to use up all of the resource that we are given, and because we can’t learn to ration our resources, we must face the consequences of traffic congestion.

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