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Topic: Nationalism

Research Question: What is the source of current event of Catalonian
crisis, why Catalonian’s calls for independence couldn’t get value?

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NATIONALISM

The term nationalism is visible
from the ancient time, but  in the late
18th century the term nationalism formalized by national political autonomy.  Nationalism is become most forceful weapon in
the beginning of the 20th C and this is continued into the 21st Century.

Nationalism can define in many ways. Lets have a look the
general idea of nationalism-  Nationalism
is a political, social and economic system that has common sharing ideologies
such as ethnicity, culture, language, religious identity or a specific identity
group.

CATALAN  NATIONALISM

Catalonia is a
self-governing body in Spain located on the northeast side of the Iberian cape.
It is a community within Spain’s eight communities which has their own
nationals and designated their statue of autonomy.

Catalan nationalism is an
ideology that declaring Catalans are a nation. Consequently, the opinion of
their own identity makes their interest to split from Spain. Catalan
nationalism can be said a unsuccessful attempts to build a federal state in the
context of the First Republic  in Spain. In
the 19th century Valenti Almirall I Llozer and some other
intellectuals were participated to restore autonomous state and also worked for
recognition of the Catalan language. The demand for Catalan nation  is ongoing year by year with short pauses.

THE SOURCE OF CURRENT CRISIS

The immense
tension between Spanish state and Catalan nationalism are like a come across
between an inevitable force and an immovable object. October 1st, 2017
referendum has been cancelled by the Catalan President Carlos Puigdemont,
therefore the crash between Spanish state and Catalan nationalism averted for a
while, in which a majority of Catalans voted to separate from Spain. Spanish
government at once called for action and declared the decision is illegal. Missing of
any obvious satire, the nationalist newspaper Ara predictable the approaching
of independence as “a gradual leap” in the night.

It is not easy to predict what will happen from the
current debate. Political inflexibility has given by the Spanish regime, and
the routine of many business industries based in Catalonia willing to rest part
of Spain, the Catalan government can unable to realize its promise to establish
a free nation-nation. In the meantime, yet, Madrid’s response to the referendum
is heavy handed and it is resulted the Spanish state losing authority with many,
if not with Madrid’s government but probably with Catalans. The rupture in and among Catalan and Spanish societies has
broaden.

The
interest of getting indepence of Catalans are not new, the confrontations
between Catalonia and Spanish government continuing through long condition. The
latest crisis has an episode of many years confrontations between Spain and
Catalonia and its stretching back at least 3 centuries. It bears a similarity
in the irregular and sometimes brutal clash between Spain and separatist
nationalists as of the Basque region, Basque was also banned by the Spanish
government in 2008 when they were having an independence referendum. Such
strong nationals arguing for independence but Spanish state always is heavy
handed to avoid their demands of own state. The doubt is, Why has Spain always
exacting seen in the formation of such tough regional nationalisms?

Spanish
bombs

The story of Catalonia’s domination at the hands of Madrid
goes reverse centuries. The symbolic occasion in this description is
Catalonia’s conquer at the hands of the Bourbon kings through the War of the
Spanish progression. The Crown of Aragon was an branch, Catalonia was back up the Habsburg era next
to the Bourbons, whose restrain of Barcelona in 1714 led to the burden of inner
control and the defeat of Catalan independence. However the implied assert that
there is an exploited Catalan identity ongoing above centuries glosses over
queries of common grade and also the many diverse forms Catalan nationalism has
taken within the years, from federalism to the declaration of Catalonia as an
alternative model for a corrupt Spain.

The origin of modern Catalan nationalism lies as an option
in Spain’s modern financial history. Since a lot of nations in middle, eastern,
and southern Europe, the process of economic and social modernization in Spain
was deliberate and asymmetric. The primary parts of Spain to revise in the premature
nineteenth century be the Basque Country and Catalonia, two minor regions whose
cultures, language and identities were obviously diverse from those of the rest
of Spain. Unlike France, wherever a dominant central state was capable to use
war and education to sublimate racial and linguistic variety keen on a regular
national identity, the feeble Spanish state was not easily capable to declare
authenticity or make sure unity crossways society. Instead of the Madrid’s
rulers relied on a coalition with minority elites to use force. In the
conversation of Catalan nationalism, to facilitate is, the politics of identity
has trumped the politics of division.

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