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Through the First Amendment of the
constitution in the United States, the press is granted the freedom of speech
and through this law, the Congress protects the press against harassment. The
press is granted the freedom of operation and the content they report are not
subject to censorship by the government. In relation to this freedom, it is
important to consider the role of the press in a democratic society, the
challenges that they face and the role of social media giants.

            The media in a
democratic society maintains transparency in the government by exposing deeds
that are not right and events, which might affect effective governance. The
media plays the role of communicating the truth to the society. This means that
any event, regardless of its negativity and possible consequences must be
reported without twisting facts. The media is responsible for acting as a
mirror through which the harsh realities of the world are reported to the
society. The media in a democratic nation plays the role of protecting
human rights. The media present and investigate details related to human rights
violation thereby creating an opportunity through which human rights
organizations can fix the existing problems.

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            Still, the media
is important because it ensures that it has educated masses about new
developments around the world. Some of the lessons and discussions in media
platforms are important because they are educative to the consumers. The media
challenge the government and the public and must ensure that there is smooth
running. The grievances of the public are expressed, and the media ensure
that the government has addressed these challenges and reports the progress in
the resolution programs. The media reviews and examines the performance of the
economy, thereby encouraging and criticizing areas that need improvements. Generally,
the media is a tool for creating and increasing awareness. It brings the
government close to the society, which it serves.

            About the
responsibilities of the media, there are don’t that should be considered as
part of the roles of the media in a democratic society. These are don’t as
follows. The media should not twist the truth, should not be paid to create
news, should not report irresponsible news, avoid foreign ownership, and should
not sideline important facts.

            The American media
while fulfilling its democratic responsibilities face various challenges. Some
of these challenges are related to political interference. The media decisions
are influenced by political who figures who might want to take advantage of their
powers and this leads to omission of important details that would be meaningful
to the consumers
.The American media is affected by the fact that there are aspects
of fake news. Among the DON’Ts of the media, twisting news is not ethical. Security
concerns are among the challenges faced by the American media. Privacy is an
area of concern in America and it prohibits access to private information and
property without a warrant. Still, the major challenge that the media faces
today is the challenge of sources and verifying the online news. Transparency
is not evident in some of the media houses and for this reason; one could argue
that they are paid to make the news. The ethical considerations fail to be part
of the media practices in some of the media houses today . Generally, the media has failed because it does not report responsibly
and some of the expectations from the media have not yet been met.

            In the last 50 years, one could
argue that the government actions have helped the media because the media is no
longer entitled to any politician or a political party. Instead, the
politicians rely on the media to progress. The media, now
an independent body, has freedoms and has had the opportunity to grow without
intimidation by the government. For example, the freedom of the press enabled
it to expose the Pentagon Papers. These were very sensitive papers that the
government could not have wanted to be exposed but due to the increasing
autonomy of the media, the public was able to understand that the information
provided by the government was misleading. The media has increasingly become
autonomous and for this reason, different media houses are able to uncover
different scandals related to the government and other prominent figures.
Therefore, the government’s actions have helped the media to grow and to become
more responsible in the last 50 years.

            The role of social
media giants in a democracy is that they support citizen journalism. Many
people enrolled in these platforms can share their views and discuss different
topics that are affecting the society. The can
discuss politics, economics and other relevant topics that affect their nation.
The social media giants should have the obligation of ensuring that these
platforms are not used for hate messages and that the topics discussed only
rely on genuine sources to avoid cases of fake news or hate speech that is
directed to certain members of the society.

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