This storytells of a very great scientist named Aylmer. Aylmer has a beautiful wife namedGeorgina. Georgina is very different because she has a small red-shaped tinyhand mark on her cheek. During his marriage, Aylmer never questioned thebirthmark possessed by Georgina. However, one day Aylmer asked Georgina if shewanted to remove her birthmark.
Georgina replied not because the birthmark wasoften called dazzling so she never imagined to remove the birthmark on hercheek. Aylmer replied that the birthmark was fascinating if it was on somebodyelse’s face but not with Georgina. Georgina was crying, she was shocked and disappointedwith what was in her husband’s mind. She feels that her husband does notsincerely love her, she then thinks for what Aylmer marries her if in the endit will be like this. In Aylmer’s mind birthmark becomes a symbol of humanimperfection.
Until finally Georgina obey her husband’s desire to remove hisbirthmark. When the elixir is ready, Aylmer take his wife, his wife drinks itand falls a sleep. The sign begins to disappear little by little. But, whenGeorgina woke up she felt that her body was dying until finally she died. The author of this story isNathaniel Hawthorne.
He was an American novelist and short story writer who wasa master of the allegorical and symbolic tale. One of the greatest fictionwriters in American literature. He was life around 1800s. In this story theauthor describe the character of Georgina as a weak women who is oppressed anddidn’t has power to resist. This is because the author lived in an era when thefeminist movement haven’t established in America. The Feminist movementestablished in around 1900s. So at that time the author write this story beforethe feminist movement established.
This story discuss about how the man to be asuperior and have a more powerful than woman and also discuss about the womenwho are in under pressure and degraded because she didn’t have the power tostruggle for her life. Theory This story uses feminist theory.There are two kind of feminist theory. First is the feminist that respect theequality between woman and man. The second is feminist theory that put thewoman in oppressed and weak situation. This story uses the second feministtheory.
According to Tyson (2006: 86) said that the belief that men weresuperior to women has been used, feminist have observed, to justify andmaintain the male monopoly of positions of economic, political and socialpower, in other words, to keep women powerless by denying them the educationaland occupational means of acquiring economic, political, and social power. Fromthe quotation above proof that woman just to be a supporter and justify theposition of man. Analysis The conflict of this story about thehusband (Aylmer) that force the wife (Georgina) to remove her birthmark. In myopinion Aylmer has power to force Georgina to remove her birthmark becauseAylmer is a husband and a head of family who are controlled his wife and alsohe is a great scientist who can easily do the experiment to remove thebirthmark of his wife. It’s proofed by the part of dialogue.
“Dearest Georgina, Ihave spent much thought on the subject” said Aylmer. “I am sure it can beremove””Dearest wife,” criedAylmer. “Do not doubt my power. I am ready to make this cheek as perfect as itspair” From the part ofdialogue above, it proof the traditional gender roles.
According to Tyson(2006: 85) said that the traditional gender roles cast a men as rational,strong, protective and decisive. He want to decisive Georgina’s perfection byremove her birthmark. Aylmer has own perfection standard that makes him verywant to change Georgina to be very perfect person. Aylmer made his wife as theexperimental material because he wanted to fulfil his scientist desires becausehe has long retired from his jobs. Aylmer define between the science and hiswife in his life.
He knows that Georgina’s birthmark was deeply into her heart.Aylmer also ever dream that he and his assistant Aminadab trying to removeGeorgina’s birthmark with an operation. But the deeper his knife went, thedeeper the small hand sank until it had caught hold of Georgina’s heart. Aylmeralso know that it is a fact that Georgina’s birthmark was united to her heart,but he still want to remove the birthmark even though he will hurt Georgina’sheart. This story also shows that the characteristic of Aylmer was veryarrogant and over confident. It’s proofed by the part of dialogue below.
“The chemical processwent perfectly,” he said. “Unless all my science has tricked me, it cannotfail.””To test the liquid,he placed a drop in the soil of a dying flower growing in a pot in the room. Ina few moments, the plant became healthy and green once more.” From part of dialogueabove, it proof that Aylmer is over confident and convinced that the experimentwill be successful there is no risk. But he forgot that in every experiment theworst probably still exist.
In this dialogue he do the experiment with theflower, the flower are clearly different with human. The second analyse that have been Ifound that the characteristic of Georgina is the woman that in under pressureand weak. It show that there is a traditional gender role in here. According toTyson (2006: 85) said that Traditional gender role cast woman as emotional(irrational), weak, nurturing and submissive. Its part of sexist. According toTyson (2006: 85) stated that sexist which means it promoted the belief thatwoman were innately inferior to men. This belief in the inborn inferiority ofwomen is a form of what is called biological essentialism because it based on biologicaldifferences between the sexes that were considered part of our unchangingessence as men and women.
From these statement is like the characteristic ofGeorgina. Georgina is a wife. As a wife she is very obedient to her husbanduntil she obeys her husband’s wishes even though it is dangerous. Like that shewas doing to agreeing the Aylmer’s desire to remove her birthmark. She don’thas a power to resist and very submissive to Aylmer. It proofed by the part ofdialogue below.”Think not so littleof me that you cannot be honest about the risks we are taking,” she said. “Iwill drink whatever you make for me, even if it is a poison””I do not need proof,”Georgina said quietly.
“Give me the glass. I am happy to put my life in yourhands.” She drank the liquid and immediately tell asleep.From the part ofdialogue above the character of Georgina shows that Georgina is representativeof woman who in under pressure. She can not reject what his husband said. Sheis a weak woman and doesn’t try to fight against her husband even though itdangerous for herself. Conclusion This story is a form of feministcriticism that female characters become as object.
In this story the mancharacter has the power to act more than woman character. This storyillustrated how Georgina is very weak and does not resist when her husband asksfor something that does not suitable with her desire even though it dangerousfor her life. I think the author wants to describe the form of nature of awomen as a submissive person, weak, has no strength to fight man throughGeorgina character.
While the image of the superior man is illustrated by thecharacter of Aylmer.