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This system of economic
relationship endured colonial times, but the perceived injustices and deprivations
manifested themselves in recurring cycles of violence throughout the country. Economic
and business practices from years past persist today and continue to deprive
many communities.  Much of the organized
violence in the Rift Valley province stemmed from the land dispute because Rift
Valley was occupied by Kalenjin and Maasai, while the central highlands were
occupied by the Kikuyu and other communities involved in agricultural
activities. Further, the allocation of land by the authorities after
independence marginalizes certain ethnic groups. The Kalenjin’s in particular
felt that they had been cheated out of the land redistribution program and
reacted violently displacing many Kikuyus. The Kalenjin’s thought the Kikuyus
were allocated some of the land which was theirs to begin with. In search for reparation,
the Kalenjins then assured to return to the old set of rules based the Majimbo
constitution in order to relocate the Kikuyu and repossess their ancestral
lands. However, the above problem account seems an oversimplification of the
recent crisis.

The 2007 Post-election

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The chronological of 2007
election violence has been politically manifested and exploited for long time
and it again fuelled this is due to competing inter-ethnic interest and claim
to land that could not be accommodated or resolved by political elites. It has
been argued that since 1990s certain leaders have exploited ethnic grievances
over alleged historical injustices in Kenya and the 2007 episode was just
another magnitude of such intrigues (Bayne, 2008). The struggle over land in
Kenya has always been the centre of political violence life (Landau et al
2007). The land dispute also reflected in 1992 and the 1997 violence, this specifies
that the quest for land control is a fundamental to political life of Kenya.
During the violence homes were burned and Kikuyus families forced to grab their
belongings and flee Oosterom, M. 2016. 
Within a day, nearly all business was closed, and the typically busy
streets of Nairobi were empty. During January and February 2008, hundreds of
thousands of people were displaced from their homes. Crime exploded in densely
populated areas, such as Luo lands, settlements in Rift valley, and intra-urban
slums in Mombasa. In Nyanza province, and parts of Nairobi, the streets saw
constant rioting until the end of January. Firms were looted, and road were
barricaded, leaving people unable to work, farmers and commuters alike. Many
members of large ethnic groups attacked anyone whom felt didn’t belong,
minorities and people that had come from other countries were common targets.
Some people even fled to Uganda and other nearby countries to escape the social
unrest, one sector greatly affected by the political unrest was tourism, fights
and tours were cancelled, companies withdrew from Kenya, and many people lost
their job due to lay-offs. The international media covered the tragedies
extensively, giving the outside world the impression that the entire country
was amidst a bloody battle, when truly, parts of Kenya were untouched by
violence. The fragile state of economy affected surrounding countries as well

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