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debate over abortion rights faces criticism from both pro-life and pro-choice partisans.
The topic can be viewed from different perspectives which include religious and
moral. Also, the arguments for and against abortions are based on emotions
rather than research.  I will discuss the
moral relativism, religious perspective, and philosophical considerations
according to pro-life partisans.


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             Abortion is wrong as killing is
wrong despite an individual’s cultural background. The act punishes the unborn
instead of punishing the perpetrator. Therefore, lack of truth on the ethical
issues related to abortion does not give people a right to commit the act (Lopez, 2012, p. 513). A person should have
control of their body to prevent unwanted pregnancy. This can be achieved
through contraceptives and other natural family planning methods.  However, the issue of morality in abortion may
arise in case of rape and incest. The law should provide offer an alternative
to the victims of rape and incest to decide on whether they prefer giving birth
or terminate the pregnancy. The act can only be justified for medical reasons
to save the life of the mother. Therefore, it is unethical to terminate the
life of an unborn child for personal interests. Also, it is unethical to deny
the unborn their human rights (Patil et al, 2014, p.545).


The pro-life religions argue that life is sacred and the act of abortion
terminates life. Therefore, the practice of abortion does not respect sacred
lives. People should respect the gift of life since life begins at conception. In
addition, different religions around the world including Judaism, Hinduism,
Christianity, and Islam among others forbid the practice of abortion in the
society.  Abortion takes human life which
makes the act similar to murder.



          From the philosophical perspective,
the arguments against abortion arise from the following three questions. First,
do the unborn have moral value? Secondly, what makes the act of abortion
ethical? Finally, how should the society regulate or ban abortion?    To
answer the first question, Lopez, (2012, p. 513)
cites “The unborn is a human who is entitled to rights and if they are entitled
to rights, they have moral rights” The unborn child is denied basic rights to
choose life. Therefore, the unborn should be given an opportunity to enjoy
their rights. Since abortion is an unethical act, the society should limit or
ban the practice. According to the utilitarian theory of ethics, an act can be
defined as right or wrong based on the expected results. However, the practice
can be justified on the medical basis when the life of the mother is in danger
due to pregnancy-related issues. The theory further argues a person should take
only actions that will cause great good to others.  In this case, the consequence of abortion is
the death of the unborn child. Therefore, the practice of abortion cause harm
to others.


the above discussion, I can conclude that the practice of abortion denies the
unborn a right choose life. Also, the act causes harm to the unborn without
considering their interests. Mothers should be able to control pregnancy or
give away the children to people who may like to adopt them.  The act cannot be justified from moral,
ethical, philosophical or religious perspective. The advanced in medical
services provide various family planning methods that can be used instead of

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