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The Similarities And Differences Between The Roman And The United
States Republics
Whether it’s 2017 or 509, the form of governing known as republics has governed over
some of the world’s most prominent countries. In this case specifically, Rome and the United
States of America. In this article, I will be telling you about the similarities and differences
between these two great nations, or to be more specific, their governments.
Before I get into the actual essay, we first need to establish what a republic is. According
to, a republic is “?A ?state ?in ?which ?supreme ?power ?is ?held ?by ?the ?people ?and ?their
elected ?representatives, ?and ?which ?has ?an ?elected ?or ?nominated ?president ?rather ?than ?a
monarch.” For those who don’t speak fancy dictionary, this means a state (meaning the property
of a government in this case) where the power of the government is held in the hands of its
citizens. They decide on leaders and representatives, vote on bills and laws, and ultimately are in
charge of how the government ends up working. Another important factor of a republic is the
fact that its leader is (A. treated as a regular citizen in regards to the law and (B. voted on by the
nation’s citizens as opposed to a monarchy where the the title of leader is passed down through
Both the Roman Republic and The United States Republic have what is known as a
senate. In fact, the word senate comes from the latin word “?senatus”? meaning “council? ?of
elders”? because majority of the roman senators were older men; as are the majority of the U.S
senators. A senate is essentially a group of elected officials who vote on laws.
One of the things that differentiates Rome from the United States is how long they serve
on terms. In the U.S, senators either step-down or serve for six years. Rome’s senators, on the
other hand, serve for life. Another thing is that in the U.S, women are allowed to serve on the
senate. In Rome they couldn’t.
Rome’s leaders, known as consuls, and The USA’s leader, known as the president, share
many similarities as well. For one thing, the title of both consuls and presidents are voted for, not
passed down like an emperor or king. In turn, this means that both of those titles may be revoked
if the senate sees they are unfit to rule. While I found no record of any consuls being impeached,
there are two U.S. presidents who have: Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson. Another thing is that
both presidents and consuls have power over their respective militaries.
While there are many similarities between the two, there are also plenty of differences.
For instance, there are two consuls serving at once while there is only one president. Another
example is that while consuls served for one year before stepping down, the president serves for
four years and can be re-elected for another four year term.
In conclusion, while there are plenty of similarities between The Roman And The United
States respective republics, there are also lots of differences. From term lengths to names to
history to vocabulary, a lot of things can learned from just looking at these two governments and
seeing how the world has progressed. I hope you enjoyed this article.

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