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The IoT is the network of physical
things or objects which are embedded with network connectivity, software electronics,
and sensors, this enables these things to collect data and exchange data. IoT
allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network
infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration between the
physical world and computer based systems, and resulting in improved
efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit. IoT is a decentralized system of
cooperating smart objects 1.Telecommunication is
preparing for explosive advancement in IoT. The smart devices uses network
connectivity to communicate and exchange data. Telecommunication network with its
limited spectrum is not making it possible to handle thousands or millions of
devices all at once to communicate and exchange data. 5G network will be
designed to meet all the requirements such as adding more devices
exponentially, near instantaneous connection speed, communications between
machines to machine. The agriculture, athletics, transportation, utilities and more
industries using smart devices and networked monitors will be transformed by
the Internet of Things (IoT).The live environmental feedback provided by the
monitors help the devices to optimize their functions. 2

Through the
current network,3 people send large amount of data, a video, and phone call
in a extended stream even though it is optimized for a small set of end users.
The network has to accommodate the IoT and manage decentralized, intermittent
transmission of data packets from many users and machines. This will lead to
more interference and create latency and loss of internet connection because
the network is overloaded with devices that are in need of connections. Devices
may spend more time to search for a connectivity to work and wear out their
batteries. Power consumption remains a limiting factor with smart
devices which are portable and this affects the results to be achieved with the
Internet of Things (IoT).

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Energy efficient is required
because IoT based smart devices generate a large volume of data that need be
processed by traditional data processing algorithms and applications. This huge
data should be stored, processed and visualized from IoT based system .The
sensor data have   highly useful
information and so many potential values .By 2020 around 26 and 50 billion of
devices expected to be connected to the Internet 4.

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