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The
New Stone age is also known as the Neolithic Period; the last phase of social
advancement and mechanical improvement among ancient people. It was described
by stone tools formed by cleaning or granulating. Also, its dependence on
plants, animals, establishing settlements in lasting villages, and the presence
of such artworks as earthenware. By 12,000 B.C. human technology entered the
Neolithic era where stone was the primary tool making material. This era began
with a major revolution that changed many peoples’ lifestyle from hunting for
food to food surplus caused by increasing agricultural production. This turning
point began changing the social, economic, scientific,
technological and cultural environment of people.

            New villages started to develop as settlers emerged. Steady
food supplies created healthy and growing populations. People began specializing
in food crop cultivation resulting in more crops being distribute than demand.

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Also, hunting animals such as sheep, goats and cows was widely spreading. Farming
communities rose in the middle east then spread to North Africa and Asia. The roles
of men and women changed when individuals moved into settlements. Men worked in
the fields to farm and hunt animal. Step by step men turned out to be more in
charge of developing sustenance and ensuring the town. Men rose as family and
group pioneers. Women took care of children and remained in the towns. Such tradition
formed within many communities. As more and more food went around, people
turned their economical focus into trading food for supplies and weapons that
villagers needed. The economy during that era was formed from agriculture,
hunting, fishing and raising animals. In addition, people were specializing in
creating and trading poetry. The culture accomplishments of the Neolithic period
have urged the material remains granted to us and which have been uncovered
through unearthing. Home design, internments, apparatuses, ceramics, sculptures
and jewelry took a major part of Neolithic culture. After a hush of thousands
of years, with a one of a kind expressiveness and enlightenment the common habitat
and its monetary abuse. Its culture was noticed through the methods for
arranging cultivating items, the structure of society and codes of conduct, the
channels of creative articulation and, at long last, the contacts and trades that
uncover new universes.

The Scientific and technological
advancement was the one of the most important factors of the Neolithic Age. The
innovation of stone tools profited the general population of the Neolithic age
enormously. Before they needed to utilize stone shake as instruments until the
point that they thought of a less demanding approach to work. Cutting out
shapes to make working simpler and more productive. These stone apparatuses
affected society monetarily in light of the fact that when instruments are
found, that prompts more open doors which prompts more occupations. It impacts
culture in light of the fact that from the general population who began making
stone apparatuses, now devices have advanced to what all individuals depend on.

Socially it enhances how individuals function in light of the fact that with
the assistance of instruments they can work at a quicker and more beneficial
rate. Furthermore, people continued to develop gradually, more advanced tool
were introduced for weapons and mainly farming. This made farming more simple
and solved many people lifestyle problems. Communities began to spread all
around the world. 

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