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Thefirst job in science I will be talking about is chemical engineering. To becomea chemical engineer, you will have to get a bachelors degree in chemicalsengineering.

The main task chemical engineers do is develop and design chemical manufacturing processes. They also workto improve food processing techniques, and methods of producing fertilizers, toincrease the quantity and quality of available food. Chemical engineers alsodevelop solutions to environmental problems, such as pollution control. Thetypical work environment for a chemical engineer is generally in offices or a laboratorysetting, although sometimes they must work in an industrial setting to oversee production. They mayspend time at industrial plants, refineries, and other locations, where theymonitor or direct operations or solve on site problems. Chemical engineersusually work eight hours shifts, five days a week. The salary range forchemical engineers is from around 49,000 to 111,000 dollars.

There are severalpotential dangers when working as a chemical engineering. Some of the bighazards are things like a risk of explosion from an uncontrolledchemical reactions or overpressure in processing installations, andencountering chemicals that may cause severe allergic reactions. Some workplaces will expose you to elevated levels of noise or hot temperatures frommelting and burning processes. The workplace hazards can be prevented if someextra safety steps are taken. Stress can become an issue with a worker if theyreceive more work than can do comfortably. Someone interested in becoming achemical engineer should take science classes about physics, chemistry andbiology.

They should also take math classes to get a better understanding ofcalculus, trigonometry, algebra, and geometry. To take responsibility of yourchemical engineering work in Canada, you will need to acquire an engineering license.The main way people learn to perform this career is by learning fromexperienced co-workers. The Second career in science I will betalking about is an astronomer.

Most astronomy jobs require a Ph.D. in thefield of astronomy, which usually take five to seven years to complete. Theseprograms are likely to include courses in astrophysics, stellar and planetaryphysics, galaxies, cosmology, interstellar medium, and optics.

The main work astronomers conduct involves applying the principles ofphysics and mathematics to learn more about the universe. They gather data onthe characteristics of planets, moons, stars and other objects using telescopesand computer programs. Astronomers usually specialize in certain types of celestialbodies or events, such as black holes. Typical duties include developing andtesting scientific theories, analyzing data and writing research proposals.They also spend time composing scientific papers and presenting their findingsto others in the field.

Astronomers have multiple work environments, oneof which is observatories. In the observatory, astronomers use a variety ofinstruments to gather data from our universe. Astronomers analyze the data theyhave collected in laboratories where they use advanced computer technology toanalyze the data. The hours astronomers work can be long and irregular,including weekend and evening hours. They typically work more than 40 hours perweek. The average yearly salary for astronomers is $98,769. There aren’t reallyany workplace hazards, since astronomers work in sheltered work places.

Thereis a lot of stress though. Most astronomers have a lot of work on their plates,and most end up working longer shifts to finish it all. Someone interested inbecoming an astronomer should take a class in physics and earth and spacescience.

Also, computer and information science and chemistry. Something youcan do to help you in a career in astronomy is to follow the news aboutdevelopments in astronomy, as it will be useful to keep up on the importantnews about the field you are going into. There aren’t any licenses required to be an astronomer, but if you get ajob with the federal government; you might need to obtain a proper securityclearance. 

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