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The History of Telemedicine The history of foreign telemedicine is approaching the 100-year boundary, if the point of reference is to take attempts to transmit various medical data using the novelty of that time-the phone, on the other hand, the first mention in the literature is the historical date of the “birth” of the term.The history of telemedicine, as a conscious phenomenon, has been around for about half a century – the 50th years of the 20th century is usually considered the date of its birth. However, at that time this area of ??the refraction of human knowledge through the prism of medicine and communication technologies had a slightly different name. In 1950, the term “telegnosy” first appeared in the medical journal “Radiology”, followed by other terms in medical periodicals, such as “telepsychiatry,” “teleconsultation,” and “diagnosis by television.” The term “telemedicine” was first mentioned in 1974 in an article by Mark R. G. “Telemedicine system: missing link between home and hospital”.Since the 50s of the last century and to our days, the connection between the evolution of communication technologies and the development of telemedicine has been clearly traced. Its ancestor is not without reason, we can consider tele-radiometry, which has been successfully applied and is still used in biomedical research. An example is the use of such systems in space flight programs to monitor and manage the health of the crew. With the advent of television, the second stage in the development of telemedicine began. Television provided greater convenience in data transfer and greater interactivity. Finally, the third stage in the development of telemedicine is associated with the advent of computers and their widespread distribution among physicians.The idea of ??conducting medical research and procedures through telecommunications is not new. Shortly after the invention of the phone, attempts were made to transmit heart tones and pulmonary noise to an experienced therapist for a qualified interpretation.However, due to the poor quality of the transmission system, these attempts, as a rule, failed. 1906 Transmission of ECG.Einthoven, the “father” of electrocardiography, was the first to transmit ECG signals over a telephone line. This is evidenced by his article “Le telecardiogramme” in the journal “Archives Internationales Physiologie” 4: 132, 1920. At this time on-call doctors in ports widely used radio to communicate with ships in the event of emergencies, requiring qualified medical care.1924. The first experience of the application of the “Teesagyo” system.In “Radio News” magazine, April 1924, an article about the “Teisage” system entitled “Radio Doctor – maybe!” Was published, including electronic schemes of this development. The authors describe a “radio doctor” who could communicate with his patients remotely using radio and TV signals. At that time, radio began to intensively enter American homes, but the birth of experimental television and television was only in 1927.1950 Transmission of X-rays.In 1948, the transfer of radiological images via a telephone line between the cities of Philadelphia and West Chester for a distance of 24 miles. Based on this technology, Canadian radiologists have developed a teleradiological system in one of the hospitals in Montreal.1955. Telepsychiatry.The introduction of a closed communications system based on TVs and selectors at the Institute of Psychiatry, Nebraska.Subsequently, the Institute of Psychiatry in Omaha, Nebraska, and the State Hospital in Norfolk, the same state, 112 miles apart, were connected via a closed-circuit television network.1961 Space telemetry.With the help of teleradiometry, the physiological parameters of the astronaut during the space flight were continuously monitored. Further, space teleradiometry has resulted in the development of space medicine.1961. The use of radiometry in intensive care.In the American journal Anesthesiology, the authors report on the development of a remote monitoring system for critical patients.1967 Massachusetts Central Hospital.The hospital was equipped with a system for remote counseling and emergency assistance to passengers on flights and travelers. An interactive television and radio system was also developed there, which transmitted images, electrocardiograms, microscopy data, sounds obtained with the help of an electrostoscope, voice, etc.1970. The emergence of satellite telemedicine.With the help of the ATS-6 satellite, communications between Alaska and Canada were conducted with qualified doctors in large cities.1972-1975 Telemedical project STARPAHC.STARPAHC (or Space Technology Applied to Rural Papago Advanced Health Care) was developed by NASA to provide medical care to Indians on the reservation Papago, Arizona. A minibus with medical devices and apparatus, including a multichannel electrocardiograph, a radiographic unit, traveled by reservation. As personnel, paramedics were used. Communication was carried out with the help of a microwave transmission.

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