The book The Indian Great Awakening byLinford Fisher is part of the scholarly work on involvement to Christianity ofthe Native American.
A lot of this work, for now, has addressed individuals aswell as groups of people. The writer takes a broad scope of the engagement ofconversion to Christianity especially in the New England which involvedConnecticut, Long Island, Rhode Island as well as west of Massachusetts. Thistook place between the year 1700 and 1820. This great awakening focuses on thechange, growth, and patterns of Indian involvement in Christian matters withless emphasis on the roughness or smoothness of Native religion encounters. Tocomprehensively bring out the whole picture of the Indian Great Awakening,Fisher writes on several topics that exhaustively address this issue. Theyinclude; rainmaking, evangelism, awakening, affiliating, separating, education,migrating and remaining. It’s through these topics that the writer gives adetailed survey on the Indian Great Awakening (Wheeler, 2012).
The book binds threads of Native pastwhich are not apparently taken to have a close relationship. That is land,application of systems of the court and politics of intertribal. Chapter fourand five on affiliating and separating respectively carry a lot of content inthis book’s address to the Great Awakening.
It talks about foundational basissuch freedom of affiliation by Christian believers with the circles ofChristianity. Linford Fisher writes to reconstruct apast that is full of controversies what is known as the great Indian awakeningwhich is a period during the eighteen century when the native Indians in theNew England accepted Christianity. Fisher’s account was a problem with theadoption that Indians entirely received the White colonialists and welcomedtheir religion and believes. Instead, he bases his arguments on thesocial-political environment in which Indians found themselves and forced themto the wall which made them assume extreme cautions to survive, which includeda strategic change to Christianity. On page eight of his book, Fisher assuresthat the Indians change to conversion to Christianity was both provisional andpractical in a significant way. The writer again states in totality some of thefeedbacks of the Indians to matters of believing from rejection to adoption, topractically show the multiplicity as well as how the native society was diverse(Fisher, 2012). Linford states precisely the purpose ofthe realities of the economy if the Native Indians in modeling theirengagements culturally with the New England colonies.
Among the methods used bythe whites and was successful was the influence of Indians using indebtedness.For example, the whites had a market of exchanging liquor with other goods,Indians became so dependent on alcohol which made them owe whites huge debtswhich were not easy to settle at once. This made the Indians to pay such debtswith their lands. This consecutive land loss was the center of their sufferingculturally and made them weak to the extent that it forced them to embrace thelifestyle of the colonial evangelists to seek how to survive in such a society(Fisher, 2012). On page fifty-one of the book, it isstated that education played a vital role to the missionaries since it was usedto give rise to Christians who could be able to read and write as well asIndians who were Anglicized regarding culture. Indians in their daily lifeembraced education as they changed to Christianity in multitudes. Indiansparticipated in a massive way in the First Great Awakening which wascharacterized the continued engagements culturally as it was before.
It was asurprise as time went after the awakening that Native people and small groupsadvance their beliefs and their way of life in a significant manner since theyleft the colonial churches and coming up with Indian churches for themselves(Fisher L. D., 2012).In the educational sector, in NativeIndians commanded their space as well in a mighty way.
They preferred privatelocal learning centers and asking for educators who were Indians when there wassuch possibility. It was during the 1970s that two groups of Native Indians whohad converted to Christianity relocated to New York and established houses forChristian Indians. It was their new place of settlement.
Though most of theEngland Natives who were new as well as those who suffered as a result ofChristianity, decided to continue living in New England going on with theactivities such as land leasing, agriculture as well as dong the work in thereserves.The fact that Indian participation in theGreat Awakening is viewed in many cases as whole and conversion in totality,Linford’s final reports on the records of the church, documents of the court aswell as friendly discussion shows the reality that advances in its complexity.Putting this awakening in the context of loss of land as well as the fight forequality in the culture which is ongoing in the eighteen century shows it as anadditional level in the continuing collaboration of the local people with theviews of Christians as well as the educational institutions which dominated thecolonial world. Revealing this narrative that cannot be easily shared of theGreat Awakening as well as the idea of separation of Indians which resulted,and how it affects the culture of Indians as a community. Linford’s books whichare gracefully written gives a significant challenge to thoughts which havebeen held for long as far as faith and Native Anglo-American engagements inconcerned (Fisher, 2012)In conclusion, Linford in his book TheIndian Great Awakening uses various themes to iron out this issue leaving uswith no questions comprehensively. It is evident that the Christian coloniesinfluenced Native Indians and wooed then into adopting Christianity as well astheir education system.ReferencesFisher, L. D.
(2012).Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America. In L. D. Fisher,The Indian Great Awakening (p. 51). New York: Oxford University Press.Fisher, L.
D. (2012). TheIndian Great Awakening. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wheeler, R. M. (2012).Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America. In L. D.
Fisher,The Indian Great Awakening (p. 312). New York: Oxford University Press.