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The impact of racism in Othello   In the present and the past, racism has existed in our society and civilizations throughout history. Discrimination occurs for a variety of reasons such as fear, scapegoat, a want to disassociate others and diminish their social status or jealousy (Speaks). This mindset continues to survive and grow while meshed with cultural conditioning, which is the situation of the issue of racism in Othello and in Elizabethan England. While Shakespeare was not a profound racist in his works, the society he was in influenced his work as he wanted to reflect on present-day dialogue. Furthermore, language and tone of each character in the play that talked to and/or about Othello were very antagonistic to him. With his heritage and color public, he is seen as an “outsider” and distanced from everyone else, which can be seen in Elizabethan England. In the play “Othello”, Othello is called a Moor. He is referenced as a black Moor, which many Europeans disliked at the time due to their heritage connection to North Africa(Speaks). We can see the racial conflict in the play as Shakespeare sets the play as a struggle between the enlightened Europeans and the savage, Africans(Touhidsm). There are several occasions where  Characters such as Roderigo, Iago, and Brabantio. We notice the racial conflict from the opening lines, Othello is referred as “he” or “him” by Iago and Roderigo; later on they used racial epithets instead of calling him by his name (Speaks). Since Iago hates Othello because he appointed the inexperienced Michael Cassio; and now Iago goes to far lengths to plan Othello’s and Michael Cassio’s demise. Furthermore, Iago dedicates his time in the play to “a plot rooted in jealousy”(Speaks). Iago is able to execute his revenge on Othello by exploiting his color and societal status to allow Othello’s infidelity with Desdemona to persist(Touhidsm). Iago realizes that Othello’s black color can cause other to look at him differently. Iago gains the help of Roderigo, who expresses his discontent and jealous of Othello by saying: “What a full fortune does the thick-lips owe/If he can carry ‘t thus!”(Speaks). Then, Iago succeeds in angering Desdemona’s father when Iago says: “An old black ram/Is tupping your white ewe”(Speaks). Brabantio doubts the truth of his statement and then replies with: ” you’ll have your daughter covered with a Barbary horse” and continues with “I am one, sir, that comes to tell you, your daughter and the Moor are now making the beast with two backs” (Othello A.1S.1. 110-120 ).  In addition, Iago and Roderigo refer to Othello as ‘thick lips’ and ‘slave'(Touhidsm).  We can clearly see that these comments are racist and are able to convince Brabantio to believe them(Speaks). If we look closely into the quotes of Iago and Roderigo, we can see the deeper meaning behind these choices of words. Iago uses imagery to emphasize Othello’s differences to paint the black stereotype during the Elizabethan time period, which labels Othello as different to everyone else(Speaks). The animal imagery that is used helps convey Othello as a monster and vulnerable to hatred. Their use of racial slurs and terror causes Brabantio to perceives that “this interracial union than the violation of his honour as Desdemona’s father.” (Ryan). He later in the play says: “How? The Duke in council? In this time of the night? Bring him away.Mine’s not an idle cause. The Duke himself, Or any of my brothers of the state,Cannot but feel this wrong as ’twere their own. For if such actions may have passage free,Bond-slaves and pagans shall our statesmen be.”(Othello A1.S2. 95-100).  Brabantio has the utmost confidence that the law will side with him and that if they, whites, allow crimes like Othello’s continue, the slaves and lower class citizens will be their rulers.(Ryan) I believe that this moment is merely a microcosm of how racism participated in play; Shakespeare makes it evident that it is not just Iago that is up against the idea of Othello, a black man, being with a white woman, but ” the status quo and a view of the world which Iago merely embodies in its most lethal form.”(Ryan). Iago, Roderigo, and Brabantio are used to paint a picture of the Venetian racism. The issue of racism has it most impactful effect in the play in causing Othello to doubt his character and his relationship with Desdemona, which leads to his demise (Speaks). At first, Othello does not think that his race could determine the status of his relationship.(Speaks) Initially, he responds to Iago’s claim of infidelity by saying: ” “Nor from mine own weak merits will I draw/The smallest fear or doubt of her revolt/For she had eyes, and chose me” (A3.S3.187-89). Afterward, he indicates that possibly, deep down, that “it is in Desdemona’s inherent nature to favor men of her own race.”(Speaks). While Othello is filled with doubt, Iago takes advantage and speculates that “Desdemona compares Othello with other white Venetian men and regrets her marriage.”(Speaks). With these words in mind, Othello begins to believe that Desdemona’s reason for cheating on him is because he is black(Speaks). As Iago continue

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