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The global environment facility is also one of the powerful
institution in global environment governance. It was created to help tackle the
planet’s most pressing environmental problem. It is considered as the powerful
organ since it has its own effective governing structured. The assembly, which
is composed of 183-member countries meet in every four or five years to review
general policy; evaluate the operation; and consider for approval by consensus.
The council comprises 32 members appointed by constituencies of GEF from all
type of countries. Moreover, council member removes every three years. A chief
executive officer chairperson who has four years term by the council has
responsibilities to coordinate and oversee program and ensure policies with GEF
agencies. The operational arm of GEF also work closely with project proponents,
civil society and another stakeholder under the GEF fund program and project.
the scientific and technical advisory panel (STAP) has 6 members who are
experts in the GEF’s key area of work. It works with many relevant scientific
and technical bodies like UNFCC, UNCCD, POPs and UNDP. Finally, it has the best
independent evaluation office which is appointed by the council to share lesson
learned and best practice. Since the creation in 1992, GEF has done many
projects by providing financial resource for developing countries to implement
the convention on biological diversity in focus on helping to build the
strategy plan for biodiversity 2011-2020. It also works together with both
government and private sectors to reduce chemical and waste. It ensures that
the products crossing national border are free of global priority substances.
In addition, in 2001 the adoption of the Stockholm Convention provided $928
million to POPs to reduce unintentionally generated by industrialized
countries. It also considers about the climate change. It can remove almost 600
million tons of greenhouse gases through renewable energy project and over 400
million tons through energy efficiency project. Beside this GEF also works to
preserve the integrity of forests and related ecosystem to support livelihoods
for communities. For example, in 1992, it had funded at 380 forest-related
projects for restoring the forest land and protecting areas in forest
landscape. On land degradation, it has invested more than $786 million in
resource for at least 190 projects and programs to support national and
regional development priorities and restore degraded land. In overall, since
1992, GEF has protected areas covering 860 million hectares all around the
world. Second, it conducted 790 climate change mitigation projects contributing
to 2.7 billion tons of GHG emission reduction and reduced the vulnerability of
more than 15 million people in 130 countries. Next In 73 countries it made an
effective sustainable management of 34 transboundary rivers and improved
cooperation and governance of one third of the world’s large marine ecosystem.
Lastly, it provided a conservation-friendly management of more than 352 million
hectares of productive landscape and seascapes.

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