The global environment facility is also one of the powerfulinstitution in global environment governance. It was created to help tackle theplanet’s most pressing environmental problem. It is considered as the powerfulorgan since it has its own effective governing structured. The assembly, whichis composed of 183-member countries meet in every four or five years to reviewgeneral policy; evaluate the operation; and consider for approval by consensus.The council comprises 32 members appointed by constituencies of GEF from alltype of countries. Moreover, council member removes every three years. A chiefexecutive officer chairperson who has four years term by the council hasresponsibilities to coordinate and oversee program and ensure policies with GEFagencies.
The operational arm of GEF also work closely with project proponents,civil society and another stakeholder under the GEF fund program and project.the scientific and technical advisory panel (STAP) has 6 members who areexperts in the GEF’s key area of work. It works with many relevant scientificand technical bodies like UNFCC, UNCCD, POPs and UNDP. Finally, it has the bestindependent evaluation office which is appointed by the council to share lessonlearned and best practice. Since the creation in 1992, GEF has done manyprojects by providing financial resource for developing countries to implementthe convention on biological diversity in focus on helping to build thestrategy plan for biodiversity 2011-2020. It also works together with bothgovernment and private sectors to reduce chemical and waste. It ensures thatthe products crossing national border are free of global priority substances.In addition, in 2001 the adoption of the Stockholm Convention provided $928million to POPs to reduce unintentionally generated by industrializedcountries.
It also considers about the climate change. It can remove almost 600million tons of greenhouse gases through renewable energy project and over 400million tons through energy efficiency project. Beside this GEF also works topreserve the integrity of forests and related ecosystem to support livelihoodsfor communities. For example, in 1992, it had funded at 380 forest-relatedprojects for restoring the forest land and protecting areas in forestlandscape. On land degradation, it has invested more than $786 million inresource for at least 190 projects and programs to support national andregional development priorities and restore degraded land.
In overall, since1992, GEF has protected areas covering 860 million hectares all around theworld. Second, it conducted 790 climate change mitigation projects contributingto 2.7 billion tons of GHG emission reduction and reduced the vulnerability ofmore than 15 million people in 130 countries. Next In 73 countries it made aneffective sustainable management of 34 transboundary rivers and improvedcooperation and governance of one third of the world’s large marine ecosystem.Lastly, it provided a conservation-friendly management of more than 352 millionhectares of productive landscape and seascapes.