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The Islamic Religion

Islam is
a word that is derived from the Abrahamic monotheistic religion, which teaches
that there is only one God. All the beliefs and teachings are written in the
book known as the Quran that is the holy bible of the Islam. Muslims believe
that the angel Gabriel through Muhammad spoke their sacred scripture. Muhammed
is viewed in the Islamic religion as a prophet. According to the Muslims, the
Quran originated from Muhammad, but according to the Quran, it did not arise
from him. According to the Quran, it was (Quran) given to prophet Muhammed by
angel Gabriel (Ahmad, Eisa, and Amani, 79).

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The
historical concerns of the Muslim are centered on economic, political, social
and cultural developments of the civilization of the Islamic religion. Most
non-Muslims believe that the doctrine started in medina and Mecca at the start
of the 7th century. The Muslim belief that God forms the heart of their faith.
A God, who causes affliction, brings good, creates death, gives life and
sustains his creation.

The
Islamic religion has two traditions, the Shi’a, and the Sunni traditions. The
two cultures have different means of maintaining their belief. However, a
unifying characteristic of the two traditions is the five pillars and the
Islam’s fundamental practices. The five components of the Muslim religion are
the Prayer ritual, Charity, fasting, Faith, and Hajj. Muslims are characterized
by praying to their God (Allah) five times a day.

The rise
of the Islamic religion was between the year 632 and 700. It is during this time
when the Muslim community spread out in the Middle East through defeat. These
resulted in the growth of the Islamic religion, and the state gave a ground
where the revealed faith took root and flourished. The Islamic religion
inspired the conquest of the military. It (Military) was also encouraged by
hunger and legislation.

The
advancement of the Muslim was hand in hand with the expansion of the military.
These were as a result of the increase of the army in the Arabic countries that
facilitated its growth into a Muslim power. The Islam also had their spirit
that led to its growth. The generous terms also promoted their faith accessible
to the conquered populations. These made the Islamic religion to benefit
significantly from the success of Arabia’s armies, which was astonishing.

During 632 CE, when Muhammad died,
a different Islamic alliance group arose under pressure. Some teams decided that
because of the commitment to the Islamic belief to Mohammed, his (Mohammed) demise
allowed them to finish their obligation to the hub and the Islamic belief
(Clarke, Matthew, and David, 52). Muhammad, the Muslim leader, and the psychic did
not give any directive of who should succeed him to lead the Muslim community
after his death.

However, the Muslim religion picked
out another diviner after the death of Muhammad, to substitute his rank that
was unoccupied. A close friend of Muhammad was chosen to lead the Islamic belief.
Abu Bakr, the one who took over after the death of Muhammad, was known as the earliest
Caliph, which in the Islamic religion mean the successor in the community of the
Arabs. Abu Bakr took a stern action against the cities that wanted the Islamic
religion to be broken. The operation combined Arabia into a unitary state under
the leadership of the Islamic faith.

Later the passing on of Abu Bakr
in the year 634, Umar Ibn Al-Khattab give powers to take over as another
caliph, who reigned until the year 644. With a structured army, Umar Ibn
Al-Khattab found himself a sovereign of a vast incorporated state. He used this
as an instrument to increase the Islamic faith further to the Middle East.
Afterwards, the Muslim military of Arabia confronted the kingdom of Sassanid
that is in Iraq and gained a substantial success in the year 637. These made
Arabia defeat Iraq for a subsequent couple of years. These were positive as a
result of the weak Sassanid Kingdom that was affected by battles within its
internal, which lead to it being taken over by the Islamic faith.

The
conversion and spread of Islamic religion were made at a point of the sword or
the death. With this, people were given the choice of either being killed or to
convert to the said religion. The main Aim of the Muslim was to dominate and
not to transform. Hence, saving one from to Muslim did not wholly mean
abandoning his/her religion or turning from an old life to a new life entirely.
Most of the people retained their communities and cultures from which they had
come.

Civilisation
is a social system that helps humankind to increase the cultural output. The
Islamic religion’s main agenda was to spread throughout the whole world, which
will make a civilized world religion of Islam. During the 13 century, the
Arabs, Africans, and the Indians formed the majority of the Islamic religion.
The empires of the Muslim faith, The Arabs, Persians, and the Turks set out to
start a civilized Islamic religion. The Islamic Civilisation is committed to
the oneness of humanity and God. The Islamic faith does not allow ethnic
discrimination, race or linguistic; it stands for a collective humanism.

There
are billions of Muslims throughout the whole world. Even though they speak
different languages in life in various parts of the world, they share a
universal Islamic culture. Some of the cultures that the Islamic religion has
adopted worldwide is clothing, food, wedding traditions and some other aspects
of the Islamic Life.

The
significant elements of civilization are economic resources, moral traditions,
political systems and the science of art. The expansion and growth of culture
require some factors like religion, education, and language.

The
Muslims borrowed an integrated element of different cultures to form their
learning. The Islamic religion tolerated other religions within which they
dominated if they recognized the Islam and the political rule, paying of tax,
and did not agitate among the Muslims.

The
success of the Islamic religion was facilitated by the following factors;

i.    The Arabs, a dominant Islamic religion in
the world where Islamic religion originated from, were having a mighty army
that could defeat other nation and given the fact that they aimed to have more
members in the faith. So it was forcing members to join the Islamic religion,
or they face death (Poliakov, Sergei, and Martha, 95).

ii.    Another factor that facilitated Muslim
success was the united belief in the Islam, Which made it easier for them to
combine efforts to achieve their mission.

As the
Islamic religion spread to the rest of the world, the Islamic scholars
developed a system of law that would help the Muslims interpret the holy book
known as the Koran, which they will then use to apply to their daily life.

The
caliphs of the Muslim community followed the Quran on whatever aspect and
teaching it was advocating. The four significant caliphs who followed the Quran
to the leather are Omar, Ali, Bakr, and Uthman. The notable characteristics of
their rule are

i.    They assumed office with the permission of
the people and never force themselves to that position by use fraud or force

ii.    They governed the Muslims by consulting and
were not whatsoever not inclined to the majority, use of power or by oppression.

iii.    They acknowledged the judiciary and its
supremacy. They even took their cases to court for a hearing.

Consequently,
the rest of the rules failed to maintain the same standards of the ruling and
the Quran, which degenerated the moral, and teachings of the Holy Book (the
Quran). These led to dictatorship and empires that caused significant harm to
the Islamic religion and the society.

The
Islamic contribution to civilization in the field research and education has
realized a significant improvement in the field of research and development
throughout the world. Some of the substantial contribution of the Islamic
religion through civilization is in the field of medicine, mathematics,
chemistry, and Geology.

The area
of science in medicine is essential in human life. The advancement in the field
of medical science has been continuous from the ancient times to the present.
The contribution of the Islamic community has been of great significance
between these periods. The Muslim has recognized and adapted knowledge in the
field of medicine. These made the Arabs to acknowledge the field of medicine
and hence raised physicians within the same domain to high ranks, thus
rewarding them for the full benefits.

Another
significant contribution made by the Islamic religion is in the field of
chemistry. The most significance made by the Muslim in this area was the
discovery that was created by an alchemist, which was centered in the
conversion of gold from baser metals. The Arab chemists developed formulas that
were used in making nitric acid, the hydrochloric acid that is used in the
modern world, and sulphuric acid. They also discovered the art of
crystallization, distillation, oxidation and alcohol making.

Al-Battani
was a famous arithmetician and an astronomer. He was recognized as the
astronomer of his time by his accurate calculation of the days of the year,
which were 365 days and 5 hours. These figures are almost the actual figures of
the estimated days of the year. He also came up with the idea of trigonometric
rations in the field of mathematics that is used today. He also established the
concept of the cotangent and supplied a table that tabulated in degrees.

The civilization of the Islamic religion has also led to the
advancement in the field of industrialization. Spain was a business center that
was on the Islamic rule. The country is one of the highly populated and
industrialized nations in the European countries. The Muslims were leading in
the industry sector by pottery making, milk production, wool weaving, jewelry
and perfume making industries. The Muslim commanded world trade in Baghdad and
Samarqand. These remained the centers for the world affairs up to the 16th
century.

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