The definition of poverty according to Webster Dictionary is: the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor. In other words, the other definition of poverty is the African Country, Angola. According to an article titled Rural Poverty Portal, “Angola is ranked 148th out of 186 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI). Poverty remains prevalent throughout much of the country.
Poverty is more widespread in rural areas, where 94% of households are categorized as poor.” (http://www.ruralpovertyportal.org/country/home/tags/angola) Angola is a small, unknown country that is crying out for help.
Angola is a rich soiled, agriculture based country that is located in southwest Africa. This country has so much potential, but doesn’t know how to use their land and resources. Angola is full of highlands, semi deserts bordering the area, and cities by the river valleys. This African country is not only changing daily, but struggling to keep up with today’s society in places such as health and education.
It is also a challenge for the country of Angola to stay updated and keep a stable economy. For one country to have so many issues, it is very difficult to try to fix these problems. It is going to take a enormous amount of time, people, and money to rebuild their economy. Angola is definitely struggling financially in each and every way. The Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is $3,110.81. This may make an individual think, alright, three thousand dollars sounds as if it’s a reasonable number, however, when comparing this number to the United States it differs by almost $40,000.
With the GDP being such a low number and the inflation rate being as high as 10.29% it is almost impossible for this country to benefit from certain resources such as financial and daily resources. According to an article from World Bank, “External Debt in Angola increased to 43,368.50 USD Million in 2016 from 36,278.70 USD Million in 2015.” these debt numbers are increasing rapidly. These numbers are very accurate and make a lot of sense. The current unemployment rate is 26%.
This developing country’s living standards are completely shattered. There are no expectations. No one is getting anything accomplished. Angola’s economy is pushing their population to the breaking point. Health in a country of course is a major factor of how the country will progress and grow. As of 2017, the population in Angola is 28,360,000.
That is over 20 million individuals working or making an impact on the economy. The life expectancy for males is 57.6 years and the life expectancy for females is 63 years as of 2014. “Angola at the beginning of the 21st century was a country ravaged by related effects of landmines and malnutrition, and it was often dependent on the international community for the basics of survival.
” (https://www.britannica.com/place/Angola) Angola, Africa is known for their diseases. Knowing people are not healthy and their chances of developing some sort of sickness is very likely puts a stop to the economy. This is definitely dragging down this country.One disease that is so prominent in Angola is Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or it is also known as HIV.
In Angola it is a 3.8 times more likely than the rest of Africa for a person to have HIV or AIDS. An average over 12,000 people in Angola die each year from these diseases. Another reason why there are so many health issues in Angola is because there are no doctors.
According to If it were My Home article, “Census data reported by the CIA reveals that Angola has very few physicians to attend to the medical needs of its population. It is estimated that there are about 0.08 physicians per 1,000 people Angola.
” With a population of about 30 million people this ratio is very unbalanced. In order for their health to improve education requirements need to change.The health and education level of these individuals is determining the country’s success. As the results show, it is definitely lacking. Education is the main source to help an individual grow and contribute to society. In Angola education seems as if it is a choice. “Literacy is very low, with 67.4% of the population over the age of 15 able to read and write in Portuguese,” as stated in the World Bank article.
This means that just over half of the individuals in Angola are able to read and write just above a fifth grade level. Another reason education is so unstable is because of the fact no one can afford to go to school. This is because in the area no one has the time, money, or education to teach these children.
Minimal people attend college and this is because only the people considered “wealthy” attend school as they grow up. For this developing country many of these problems can be fixed with time, but as of right now time is unable to fix the economy, try to lower the country’s overall health rates, and fund their education. Angola may have some resources, but with no education the people do not understand how to trade, buy, and distribute these resources properly. Angola is a rich and delicate agricultural country.
There is 57.4 million acres of open agricultural land and more than 5 million acres of arable land. Having the arable land being at 3.
9%, this makes it the lowest in the region. Knowing there is valuable resources going to waste is just one of the most devastating problems in Angola. Using these resources improperly can jeopardize Angola even more. Some of Angola’s finest exports are diamonds, coffee, sisal, cotton, maize, and oil. Angola is the 3rd top producer of oil in the African Countries.
“Angola is the 58th largest export economy in the world. In 2015, Angola exported $34.2B and imported $16.9B, resulting in a positive trade balance of $17.3B.” (https://atlas.media.
mit.edu/en/profile/country/ago/) Having such high demand products could make one think, why does this country have so many unanswered problems? This country is growing and sliding back into the economy. What the real issues are is how do they use their limited resources? What do they do with their imports? How can they get benefits out of the economy when they are putting so much into it?Most needs and products are difficult to receive. Angola borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Namibia and Zambia. All of these are developing countries and are fighting for their resources as well as Angola is. Transportation options are limited with having only three limited railways and small amounts of vehicles.
Angola must work with their land and the limited resources they have as well as diversify. This economy is relying on the base of agriculture. This is not what should be occurring. When all the eggs get put into one basket, the risk of trouble is much higher.
Trying to figure out how they can circle money back into the economy is one way they can fix their resource issues. With the newfound information, Angola’s production breakdown is simple. They mine and produce an excessive amount of their limited resources of oil and diamonds to export mainly to the United States.
They then use their rich agricultural land to their advantage, and export crops such as: cotton and maize to surrounding countries for profit. With the income from limited oil and diamond supply, as well as selling crops, Angola has moved up to being ranked 58th out of the 221 different countries in Africa economically. As this may seem like an improvement this country is still suffering financially and medically.Angola has limited resources for basic survival, so it is a given that their technology is not up to date as well. “Security considerations and a severe shortage of skilled personnel have limited Angola’s development of its extensive mineral reserves and abundant fertile land.”(http://www.
encyclopedia.com/places/africa/angolan-political-geography/angola) This shows that an abundance amount of land is never going to be used because of the lack of technology. If the economy would stop being so scarce with their money and spend it, Angola would eventually receive money for education. Once people would be educated they would be able to understand technology and teach the children. They would also be able to cure the sick. This, as of right now, seems very unlikely and Angola can’t just decide to freeze their country. Things are going to keep moving and it will be for better or for worse. Something that this country is strong in is maintaining political stability.
“This hasn’t been difficult since the end of the 27-year civil war in 2002. In 2010, a constitution established a presidential parliamentary system, with the president no longer elected by direct popular vote, but instead as the head of the party winning the most seats. The 2010 Constitution sets a limit of two, five-year presidential terms. Angola is becoming more assertive and demonstrating steadfast commitment to peace and stability in Africa. Angola has secured a commitment to their economy.” (http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/angola/overview) Knowing that the government is stable is very benefitcial in an improving economy.
Each country has its troubles, some more than others. Anything can be fixed or changed if people are willing to make a difference. Currently there are numerous underdeveloped resources, for example: oil and diamonds. The reason there are so many resources not being used is because of the lack of skilled individuals to get the task finished. Also, there are no finances to provide the machinery to remove the raw material. Part of these issues can be easily fixed by the government. Since there is political stability, the government can create a positive infrastructure.
This can have a positive outcome on the economy in a limited amount of time. One major factor that plays a part in building up a better infrastructure is money. Angola needs to start spending money in order for it to circulate back into the economy. This will create jobs. With jobs, comes income. This will provide money to families. They then will spend this money.
This is a given because demand eventually creates a supply. The process of spending money will help the economy continue to improve. Education is another area that needs improvement in order to better the country.
The reason the literacy rate is so low, is because no one attends school. This is because there are no funds. This can be fixed by contacting the World Bank or International Monetary Fund. By creating better schooling and budgeting the correct amount of money, people will be more willing to send their children to school to receive a proper education.
Another way to grow the amount of education the people of Angola receive is by making the schooling free. This may bring the government of Angola into some debt, but this is the only way to make a positive impact and change the county for the better. Also, if individuals want to pursue an education higher than a highschool diploma they will need to stay in the country for seven years in order to receive this free. This is beneficial because if each individual was ordered to stay that has any particular education that is higher than a highschool degree Angola will have skilled workers. This is almost a domino affect.
By making education free, people stay and they now are also qualified to work on underdeveloped resources and turn them into processed goods to make a high quality product. This has a major effect on Angola. By choosing free education, the major affect also takes place on the country’s well being. For example, the ratio of doctors to citizens is 0.08 to 1,000 people which was stated earlier. This ratio gives insight to the people of Angola who would like to receive their education to help out their country. So, therefore, Angola citizens will take advantage and use the free schooling, stay in their home, and provide health services to their communities and change the overall well being of the country.
This will bring more and more people to spend money, receive education, and overall help their country reach the fullest potential possible. The fourth major issue is the lack of goods to remove the resources like oil. This can easily be fixed. Angola can reach out to companies to explain how they have valuable resources they would like to share. They then can make an agreement to lower taxes for individuals of Angola to help pay the companies to use their high quality machines to remove the oil and other valuable goods.
This solution takes care of the under developed resources. Fixing four simple problems may dramatically change this developing country. By spending money more jobs circulate.
By providing education people are able to take on skilled jobs. By having people take on skilled jobs underdeveloped resources will be used to make a profit. By the a profit the money will then continue to circulate. When money is moving in the economy it will grow. Changing this country may take some time but Angola has the possibility to become a leading trading country in the long run. But for now, Angola has the potential to be the most improved developing country. According to an article from World Bank, “Angola has made substantial economic and political progress since the end of the war in 2002.
However, the country continues to face massive developmental challenges, which include reducing its dependence on oil and diversifying the economy; rebuilding its infrastructure; and improving institutional capacity, governance, public financial management systems, human development indicators, and the living conditions of the population. Large pockets of the population still remain in poverty and without adequate access to basic services, and the country could benefit from more inclusive development policies.” These issues that were stated all have simple solutions. Knowing that there is political stability makes this much easier. Knowing that the government is well rounded means there is room for change.
All it takes the want to change. In the country of Angola, change is possible.