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The problem
of adolescent pregnancy is of high relevance, as, according to the statistical
data, in 2015 almost 230 children in the United States were born by teens (that
is, by 15-19 years old women) (“Reproductive Health…,” 2017). The scopes of the
problem, represented above, are tremendously high, and the teenage pregnant
women are the community which needs to get adequate assistance in their
healthcare-related needs. 
Regarding the fact that the adolescent pregnancy is always a highly
controversial issue, it is hard to define one significant aspect of it. For
instance, when a 15-19 years old woman decides to abort her baby, she is facing
a different psychological and health challenge, then the woman who has chosen
to give birth. In this particular paper will be observed the community of
teenage women who decided to bear their children. Those girls are commonly
known to be associated with a lot of psychological pressure, especially from
peers and relatives, and to have health-related problems such as low baby
weight and other complexities during the childbirth, which are partly related
and dependant on the psychological state of a woman. The premature birth seems
to be the most apparent health problem both of women who did not reach the
legal adulthood and their newborns. Jeha et al. report that the most
significant factors that may influence one’s likelihood of preterm delivery are
smoking and being 15-16 years of age (Jeha et al., 2015, p. 4). Presumably, the
risk of premature birth increases when the mother-to-be experiences constant
psychological pressure, that is, the feelings such as a fear of uncertainty,
the necessity to make the major life decisions (such as leaving


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school, the willingness to cooperate with the father of the baby etc.),
or facing the challenges like body change and other problems, associated with
being pregnant. Those factors may make teenage pregnant women to start smoking
to reduce the tension and for relaxation. Woman’s inability to independently
cope with her teenage pregnancy makes her to routinely live according to her
harmful behavioral patterns, which may contribute to the repeating breakdowns
or depression. The most severe impact on woman’s well-being can cause her
interactions with family members and peers, which are having the negative
attitude towards a teenage pregnancy. The harmful cooperation with friends may
not be taken into account, as the environmental disapproval can be temporary and
the changing of the environment can resolve the problem. In this case,
predisposing factors like beliefs, preferences, and attitudes (Mackinnon et
al., 2016, p. 2) can positively impact a pregnant teenage woman in the case
when they are interrelated with the ones of her relatives. That is, the
positive atmosphere in the home setting can reduce the tension and,
consequently, decrease the ability of the risk factors such as premature birth
to impact the health of a woman and her newborn child. It can also contribute
to the positive enabling factors (which, according to MacKinnon et al., include
“variables that may facilitate, catalyze, or stimulate motivation for actually
engaging in behavior change”(MacKinnon et al., 2016, p. 2), the impact of which
will be discussed above.

Adjusting a teenager to the motherhood can be complicated, as it requires not
only having the necessary skills but also coping with the pressure, not always
familiar to the middle-aged pregnant women. Motivating a woman in this case,
should include creating a positive picture of raising a child and helping her
to become a self-sufficient person. Societal attitudes should also be taken
into account, as they can negatively affect a mother-to-be by interfering with
her ability to create advantageous role expectations. Society can depreciate
such women and see them as immature and irresponsible. The already existing
programmes, oriented on helping the teenage pregnant women should concentrate
more not only on one’s skills as a mother but also on woman’s ability to
promote high self-esteem. Addressing both mental and physical health
complexities that appear when one is coping with the teenage pregnancy is the
only advantageous way to help this community to deal with the childbearing and

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