The use of Kotter’s model is very effective because it iseasy to follow, well structured, and has an effective framework forimplementing a change of practice in a health care environment provided which leavesa positive effect on nurses and patients care.Impact Kotter model is important for successful change management,including: motivation for change, executive and clinical leadership, multidisciplinaryclinical team engagement, clinical strategies, education and communicationinitiatives for clinicians and patients.
It is selected because it is clear andeasy to apply and improves the Organization’s ability to change and increaseits chances of success. Moreover, it uses effective images that are easilyunderstood by staff nurses and can handle changes to any system.Important Kotter’s model is adaptable to any setting that needs toimplement a practice change. It can be used to make change happen in practiceby selecting the right group of people who will motivate others to change untilit becomes a practice rule. Kotter’s model incorporates 8 steps forimplementing change to recognize the need of involving opinions from staff,other stakeholders, patients and nurses satisfaction.
Thefirst step of this model is urgency to recognize and correct the problem andfoster communication between nurses and patients in order to promote a saferenvironment for the patient. Second step is, guiding coalition involves leadersconvincing others to adopt new practices. The third step is to shape a visionfor the purpose of change and development to improve patient safety, providingcare and preventing adverse events. In step four, this vision is shared andimplemented.
In step five, vision must be understood and independence of work mustbe given to staff, so that staff will be able to adapt to vision through tooldevelopment. In step six, realization that staff were able to complete theirshift more efficiently, quickly and on time. In step seven, maintaining vision,reinforcing changes and continuing innovation leads to providing better patientcare. In the last step, make unity an easier place to work by integrating thevision.John Kotter, leadership and change management professor atHarvard Business School, introduced his ground-breaking 8-Step Change Model inhis 1995 book called “Leading Change”, he also described eight change failuremodels and subsequent steps to address them.Description