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Thailand is in Southeastern Asia. It borders the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand in the Southeast of Burma. Its Bordering countries are the aforementioned Burma (2,416 km), Cambodia (817 km), Laos 1,845 km and Malaysia (595 km). The kingdom of Thailand has a long coastline measuring 3,219 km. The total area of Thailand is approximately 513,120 sq km; the land accounts for 510,890 sq km, while water takes up 2,230 sq km. It’s ranked the 52nd largest country in the world. The terrain is centrally plain, the Khorat Plateau resides in the east and there are certain mountainous regions as well. The counties land use is predominantly agricultural (41.2%), arable land is 30.8%, forest land is 37.2% and other land use is 21.6% (The World Factbook: THAILAND. (2017, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html)Thailand’s populationIts population is currently, around 68,414,135 people. The most populated areas are the capital, Bangkok (5,104,476), as well as other big cities like Samut Prakan (388,920), Mueang Nonthaburi, (291,555) and Udon Thani, (247,231). Significant population clusters are found particularly around north and northeast of Bangkok. Many people are also found in the extreme southern region of the country. Thailand has the 20th largest population in the world. As of the most recent study in 2016, the male to female ratio is  95.43 males for every 100 women. This is a drastic change from their previous 100.47 males per 100 females ratio back in 1970. The Thailand age structure for  0-14 years is 16.93% of the population (male 5,933,269/female 5,649,864);  15-24 years accounts for 14.17% of Thai residents (male 4,943,583/female 4,752,038); 25-54 years is 46.32% of the population (male 15,677,322/female 16,009,399); 55-64 years is 12% (male 3,851,575/female 4,358,837); finally, 65 years and over equates to 10.58% of the Thai population (male 3,165,799/female 4,072,449) (2017 est.). The median age of Thailand is 37.7 years, with the male medium being 36.6 years of age and the female average being 38.7  (The World Factbook: THAILAND. (2017, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html). Thailand’s Language Thai is the official language and is the spoken language of 90.7% of the population, Burmese is spoken by 1.3%, and other languages account for 8% of the population’s spoken tongue. However, it is important to note that as of 2010, English is the secondary language of the elite Thai. This is most likely due to the fact that these rich individuals have globalized and picked up the most widely used tongue in international business (The World Factbook: THAILAND. (2017, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html). Thai currencyThe baht is the official currency of Thailand. One baht is subdivided into 100 satangs. According to SWIFT and as of October 2014, the Thai baht is ranked as the tenth most frequently used world payment currency. The baht, relative to Canadian currency is worth around 0.039 to the dollar, as of December 2017 (The World Factbook: THAILAND. (2017, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html). Thai GDP Thailand’s GDP per capita (PPP) is estimated to be approximately $16,900 Canadian dollars. Their GDP (official exchange rate) is $407.1 billion; their GDP (purchasing power parity) equates to around $1.165 trillion; finally, Thailand’s GDP real growth rate is 3.2%. They are 88th in this regard when you compare this country to the world. All of these statistics were estimated for the year of 2016 (The World Factbook: THAILAND. (2017, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html).Time difference versus Canadian Eastern Standard TimeThailand is 12 hours ahead of Toronto, ON. Supposedly, if one were to make a business call to Thailand from eastern Canada at 10:05 PM on a Wednesday, in Thailand it would be 10:05 PM on a Thursday (The World Clock – Time Zone Converter – Results. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/converted.html?p1=250&p2=28). Thai climateThe Country has an intensely tropical climate with a mean annual temperature of approximately 82°F, along with a drastically high humidity. There are three distinct seasons. The hot season from March to May regularly tops 40° C (105° F), the cool season from November to February is around 30° C  (86° F) and the rainy season from about June to October ranges between the two aforementioned sweltering temperatures (Weather in Thailand. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.reachtoteachrecruiting.com/guides/thailand/weather-in-thailand). However, the overbearing heat of Thailand allows for the country to be filled with rife animal and plant life in rainforests teeming with biodiversity. Thailand Labour ForceAs of 2015, Thailand’s labor force is mostly in services (51.5%), then agriculture (31.8%) and lastly, industry (16.7%) (The World Factbook: THAILAND. (2017, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html). The results of The Labor Force Survey in April 2017 showed that the Thai population, aged 15 years and over, is of about 55.89 million persons. Of these, 37.89million were in the labor force or available for work. 37.09 million were employed, 473 thousand were unemployed and 324 thousand were seasonally inactive labor force. Around 18.00 million Thais that were not in the labor force or unavailable for work, such as housewives, students or elderly. Some of the most popular career options in Thailand include real estate, tourism, farming, agriculture, teaching, business, and engineering (Limcaco, P. (2017, December 26). An Expat’s Guide to Finding Work in Thailand. Retrieved from https://www.thailandstarterkit.com/work/work-in-thailand/). Government of ThailandThe political landscape of Thailand is mildly complicated. A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. However, currently the politics of Thailand are conducted within the framework of a constitutional monarchy with parliamentary government, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state. The political leader of Thailand is General Prayuth Chan-Ocha. He seized power in a coup in May 2014 and was named as Prime Minister by the military-appointed parliament a few months later. Thailand’s corrupt military has a history of intervening in politics and has seized power 12 times since the end of the absolute monarchy in 1932. Maha Vajiralongkorn is the10th Thai monarch of the Chakri dynasty and the current king, as of December of 2016. He succeeded former, recently deceased King Bhumibol Adulyadej who was the world’s longest reigning monarch. Maha Vajiralongkorn has been active in the military, however, he has not achieved the same level of popularity as his widely-revered father, and there have been criticisms of Maha Vajiralongkorn’s lifestyle (Thailand Political Hierarchy Chart. (2017, November 14). Retrieved from https://www.hierarchystructure.com/thailand-political-hierarchy/). Funnily enough, the King has little direct power under the constitution even though, Thailand categorizes itself as a constitutional monarchy. The king is more than a symbol of national identity and unity (much like the Queen of England to Canada). The present monarch has a great deal of popular respect and moral authority, which has been used to intervene in political crises and influence the course of the government. The governance in Thailand is formed and operated on the basis of the constitution and according to it; the political system of Thailand is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative branches (The World Factbook: THAILAND. (2017, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html).Thailand-Canada imports and exports The five largest Canadian Imports from Thailand are Electrical machinery and equipment which accounts for 22.22% of Canadian Thai imports; boilers, mechanical appliances, etc. account for 16.42%; prepared food: such as meat, fish and seafood is around 9.02%; pearls, precious stones or metals count for 7.68% and finally, Rubber and rubber articles are 6.72% (Canada’s Merchandise Trade with Thailand. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.asiapacific.ca/statistics/trade/bilateral-trade-asia-product/canadas-merchandise-trade-thailand). The five largest Exports from Thailand are wood pulp; paper or paperboard scraps which are around 16.62% of Canadien Thai imports; pearls, precious stones or metals count to 12.31%; fertilizers account for 9.35%; aircraft and spacecraft is around 8.60% and lastly, boilers, mechanical appliances, etc. reports at 7.08% (Canada’s Merchandise Trade with Thailand. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.asiapacific.ca/statistics/trade/bilateral-trade-asia-product/canadas-merchandise-trade-thailand).Multinational Brand name that originated from ThailandSurprisingly enough, the globalized Red bull energy drink company sprouted its wings from humble beginnings in Thailand. Austrian entrepreneur Dietrich Mateschitz was inspired by a pre-existing energy drink named Krating Daeng, which was first introduced and sold in Thailand by Chaleo Yoovidhya. Krating Daeng in Thai roughly translates to red bull. Dietrich took this idea, modified the ingredients to suit the tastes of Westerners and in partnership with Chaleo, he founded Red Bull in 1987. They then signed a contract for the energy drink to be mass produced and sold in the U.S. RedBull now has the highest market share of any energy drink in the world, with 6.06 billion cans sold in 2016 (Horn, R. (2012, March 18). Duck Farmer to Billionaire: Red Bull Co-Founder Dies. Retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2109386,00.html). The best ranked post-secondary institutions in ThailandThe best ranked post-secondary schools in Thailand according to multiple 2017 university ranking websites is firstly, the Chulalongkorn University, It is centered in Bangkok and has won global awards for its grounds, students, and teaching. Chulalongkorn offers amazing doctoral degrees in a vast array of subjects. There is also Kasetsart University, which is the world’s first agricultural school; it specializes in teaching agricultural science and is located in Bangkok. Mahidol University is also in Bangkok, it is said to be an excellent medical science school. Chiang Mai University, which is named after its location is also renowned school.  It has a very strong emphasis on engineering, science, agriculture, and medicine. Lastly, the acclaimed Naresuan University in Phitsanulok is known for its strong contributions to Thai sciences, be it social, medical or technological (UniRank. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.4icu.org/th/).

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