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Task 1 Part 1:








The Rock Cycle

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Task 2 Part 2:


Panspermia is the philosophy
that life occurs throughout the Universe, circulated by planetoids, asteroids
and meteoroids. Bacteria may travel for a lengthy amount of time before crashing
randomly with other planets or disks. If met with ideal conditions on a new
planets’ surfaces, the bacteria becomes active and the process of evolution


In natural science, abiogenesis (the
original evolution of life) is
the natural process by which life arises from non-living matter, such as simple
organic mixes. It is a study of how biological life processes, and the method
by how life on how Earth ascended.


The idea of catastrophism, is the theory that changes earth’s crust environmental
history from sudden violent and unusual events. Catastrophism is the idea that
Earth has been affected in the past by sudden, short-lived, violent events,
possibly worldwide in space. This view holds that the present is the key to the
past, and that all things continue as they were from the beginning of the



Darwin’s theory also known as Darwinism. His idea of evolution happens to
be by natural selection (different survival of reproduction) Darwin’s theory of
evolution describes how life on Earth has improved over the past. Scientists
believe this is the reason why all existing things on Earth occur today.






Task 3
Part 3- Preventing Damage

should the earth be monitored?

The earth should
be monitored so that you know when an earthquake or a seismic event is going to
occur so that you can prepare for it.

Earthquakes are not as easy to predict as volcanic explosions:

The main meaning of the monitoring is to learn when
new magma is rising in the volcano that can lead to an eruption.

Laser beams can be used to spot plate movement.

A seismometer is used to pick up the shakings in the Earth’s crust.

An increase in vibrations may pick up a possible
earthquake, temperatures around the volcanoes rise as activity increases.

Gas leaks from cracks in the Earth’s crust. Levels of
toxic gas can be monitored – an unexpected increase may advocate an earthquake.

Monitoring a volcano involves scientists to use of
a selection of techniques that can hear and see movement inside a volcano.


the impacts of Earthquakes & Volcanoes

Why do so many people
live in areas where earthquakes and Volcanoes take place? 
The following refer in some cases to both or either of the hazards:
Volcanoes produce
fertile soils when the lava weathers.
Many volcanoes have
been dormant for hundreds of years.
Jobs are provided in
the tourist industry – many like to visit volcanoes and geysers – it provides
work in tourist shops, hotels etc.
Volcanoes can produce minerals such as pumice,
sulphur and even precious stones.
Hot springs and baths
and heating such as in Iceland where large open baths are found and central
heating is provided.
In some areas the heat
can produce electricity
People live in
earthquake areas such as San Francisco because it is a desirable area and
people were unaware of the theory of plate tectonics until recently.
Some people have the
belief that neither of the hazards will affect them.



How does earth’s
atmosphere support life?

Earth’s atmosphere supports life by protecting all the layers around the
earth. During the day, the atmosphere near Earth’s surface absorbs energy. The
atmosphere supports life on Earth by protecting it from dangerous
electromagnetic radiation by creating and controlling whether climate.


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