“Sufragio Efectivo, No Reelección Effective Suffrage – No Re-election!” – Francisco I. Madero.
This slogan is found at the bottom of many Mexican official and legal documents. Madero voiced that Porfirio Diaz was illegally president of Mexico and designated November 20, 1910 as the day when citizens of Mexico should take arms against the Diaz government. Longtime Dictator Porfirio Diaz has brought stability to Mexico after decades of conflict early in his presidency, but Diaz grew unpopular. His economic policies benefited his circle and foreign investors and helped the wealthy by acquiring large pieces of land. During the election in 1910 in Mexico, Diaz had an opposing runner Francisco I. Madero. Because Madero opposed Diaz and his position, Diaz had him arrested and imprisoned.
Madero escaped and fled to San Antonio where he wrote the “Plan of San Luis Potosi,” which called upon Mexicans to revolt against the Mexican government in a armed rebellion and enacted the beginning of the Mexican Revolution. The Federal Army suffered many military defeats against Madero’s forces, in May 1911 Diaz was forced to resign and went to exile in France. Diaz died in Paris, France in July of 1915. The Mexican Revolution was justified because the people was able to achieve their goal, the Mexican Constitution was able to be re-written to have more rights to the people, and the revolution led to a period of peace and stability. Despite the fact that many mexicans lost their lives in the process because leaders after the revolution supported the new Constitution.The Mexican revolution was justified because the Mexican Constitution was able to be re-written to have more rights to the people. In 1917, a new Mexican Constitution was drafted by a constitutional convention and was approved by the Constitutional Congress on February 5th, 1917. According to the Mexican Revolution CA, “Effects of the Mexican Revolution” slideshow, it says “The Mexican Constitution promoted education, land reform, and workers rights.
” The Constitution of 1917 is still in effect to this date. This illustrates that the new Mexican Constitution is promoting things that weren’t promoted in the old constitution or loosely promoted in the old constitution. For example, the Constitution of 1917 states that the government must provide quality education from preschool to high school, at these education levels, attendance is mandatory and education is free, provided by the government. While on the other hand, the Constitution of 1857 states the right of free tuition.
In addition to promoting education, land reform and workers rights, the new constitution gave the “Freedom of writing and publishing writings on any subject is important. No law or authority can censor or restrict the freedom of printing. Freedom of printing will only be limited by the respect due to private life, morals, and public peace” according the the Constitution of Mexico in article 7 (Doc C: “Constitution of Mexico” CP 2, Activity 2). This reiterates that the new Mexican Constitution gave more rights to the people, specifically in Article 7 of the Constitution of Mexico, it gives the freedom of press which dictator Porfirio Diaz did not allow. This is significant because while Diaz was in power, he muffled the press. The new constitution also stated “The supreme power of the Federation is divided, for its exercise, into legislative, executive, and judicial branches. One person can never have two or more of these powers.
There cannot be one person in charge of the legislative branch” in article 49 (Doc C: “Constitution of Mexico” CP 2, Activity 2). This illustrates the downfall of a dictatorship and a beginning of a federal government, a democracy which insures that no one person can have all the power. This was different than before because although in the Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1857 stated that there is a separation of powers: Executive, Legislative and Judicial, Diaz manipulated the system so that the legislature was composed of his friends and destroyed the local and regional leadership till the majority of public employees answered directly to him. This gave Diaz more power and impairs the system of separation of powers. Therefore the Constitution of 1917 created rights that gave the people of Mexico simple rights that Dictator Diaz did not allow.
The Mexican Revolution was also justified because it led to a period of peace and stability. Álvaro Obregón, a general during the Mexican Revolution and became the President of Mexico from 1920-1924 and was assassinated after he won the presidential election of 1928, before he could start his new term. After Obregóns death, “a new political party came to power called the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). PRI did not tolerate opposition, but it did lead Mexico into a period of peace and stability.” (Mexican Revolution CA, “Effects of the Mexican Revolution” slideshow) This illustrates that although the political party PRI didn’t like being opposed, they lead in a way that positively helped Mexico. In 1946 when Miguel Aleman becomes the first civilian president of Mexico since Francisco Madero in 1911, and was also in the Institutional Revolutionary Party. While Aleman was in power, “Mexico undergoes great industrial and economic growth, even as the gap continues to grow between the richest and poorest segments of the population.
” (history.com) This emphasizes that Aleman brought growth to Mexico, industrial and economical. This brought stability to Mexico and because economical Mexico was stable, the people of Mexico wouldn’t need to worry about that and have a little more peace not needing to worry about another thing.Therefore the political party Institutional Revolutionary Party that rose to power after the Mexican Revolution brought peace and stability to Mexico.
The Mexican Revolution was still justified despite the fact that many mexicans lost their lives in the process. According to CP 2, Activity 1 “Mexican Revolution Secondary Sources,” “The Mexican Revolution was a complex and bloody conflict which arguably lasted for 20 years, and in which 900,000 people lost their lives.” This displays the amount of lives lost in the Mexican Revolution. Although 900,000 lost their lives, the revolution was still justified because leaders of Mexico after the revolution supported the new Constitution. In 1920, Carranza was overthrown by his former general, Alvaro Obregon. “Obregon supported the reforms of the Constitution and promoted public education, required Mexican schools to teach Spanish, and stressed nationalism.” (Mexican Revolution CA, “Effects of the Mexican Revolution” slideshow) This illustrates the new Mexican constitution being re-written for something good and a president after the revolution supported those changes. Therefore although 900,000 people died from the Mexican Revolution, leaders, presidents after the revolution supported the new constitution that gave rights to the people of Mexico.
In conclusion, the Mexican Revolution was justified because it was able to achieve the goals for the revolution. They were able to overthrow Porfirio Diaz which led to the Mexican Constitution being rewritten to have more rights to the people, and led to a period of peace and stability. Despite the fact that many mexicans lost their lives in the process. The Constitution of 1917 gave the right to the freedom of press which Diaz oppressed.
The re-written constitution also divided the power of the Federation so that no one person can have all the power. After the revolution, the Institutional Revolutionary Party rose to power and brought stability to Mexico by undergoing industrial and economic growth. Despite the fact that the Mexican Revolution was bloody, leaders that came to power supported the new constitution and promoted public education.
It is important to study the Mexican Revolution because it brought an end to a dictatorship and brought a more just government. The people of Mexico were able to work with revolutionary leaders to overthrow the dictator, Diaz, and was able to rewrite the Mexican Constitution to gain more rights. This changed the lives of the Mexican people.
In fact, the Constitution of 1917 is still being used to this date.