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intelligence is regarded as an essential component in national security.  Security experts as well as decision and
policy makers utilize the information obtained from strategic intelligence to
come up with development plans which are implemented across the nation.  The development of national security policies
relies heavily on the information through strategic intelligence.  Military strategies overseas or within the
United States are also influenced by strategic intelligence information.  “The Intelligence Community (IC) exists to
support the policymaker.  More
specifically, the IC is a service community whose sole purpose is to assist
policymakers with national security issues.” (Gookins 2008)  Strategic intelligence involves at least five
major parts which entail, direction and planning, collection, analysis and
lastly dissemination.  It is imperative
for the Intelligence Community to use and combine the critical components of
SIGINT, HUMINT, OSINT, GEOINT, and IMINT in the decision-making process to help
regulate national policies.

intelligence adds value to the decision-making process and national policies by
allowing the IC to mesh relevant information that should be implemented by
various agencies in the government.  The
first step that is involved in this process is planning and direction.  The leadership of a nation determines what it
regards as important when it channels resources to focus on information which
had been relayed by the IC. (Berkowitz and Goodman 1989)  This in turn drives the policymakers in the
decision-making process.  The components
of collection on intelligence ensures that specific requirements as well as
specifications are met and acted upon. 
This entails the gathering of raw information for the sole purpose of
analyzing it.  The gathering of
information is collected from various multiple sources which have different
areas of expertise, to include sensitive information as well as technical
intelligence gathered by HUMINT personnel. 
Once information has been assembled from a particular mission, it is
processed and analyzed to make it useful. (Garfinkel 1957)  Sometimes, the process entails decoding
signals, messages, or translating languages using OSINT and SIGINT.

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next step involved in the IC after the processing of information is the
analysis as well as production of the intelligence to produce the product for
the policymakers.  Analysts are then
afforded the opportunity to dissect the data and place it into perspective as
well as to ensure its validity.  In this
stage, there is a mixture of current and historical information which in turn
assists in establishing the reliability and significance of the collateral
information.  The work involved in the
analysis part is the combination of information and producing analysis that in
turn is used in solving the information conflicts, responding to questions
which will in turn fill the gaps to help make predictions about the particular
subject that is of interest to the policymakers. (Fernandes
2009)  It is for this reason why strategic
intelligence is regarded as an imperfect art which heavily relies on human
experience, judgment, and ability of going through all of the data to establish
connections which will be reliable and important in predicting the intentions
or actions from whom the intelligence is being collected. 

              The last stage is the dissemination of the
intelligence information.  In this stage,
it entails the delivery of information to the policymakers.  This intelligence is customized according to
what the policymakers requested but not as to be biased to further a
policymakers’ personal agenda. (Gookins 2008)

cycle of collecting intelligence is one which support the decisions of the
policymakers in a number of ways.  The
policymakers work with the IC all the way through the process making changes
and adjustments accordingly and continually as the facts and circumstances of
the intelligences keep changing. (Lahneman 2011)  This in turn assists in generating programs
as well as funding the needs which are introduced during the budgeting process
in Congress.  The Congressional
leadership after receiving the information and processing it is in a better
position of evaluating the needs of the IC as well as adjusting the budget
requests and allocating resources as needed. 
The systems that are used by the IC are generally ones which are
flexible while aligning themselves to the requirements of the policymakers.

intelligence, as a matter of fact, is a prerequisite component required in the
formation of policies both on the national level as well as international
level.  Therefore, strategic intelligence
is essential in the manner in which policymakers are assisted towards
conducting their duties of guiding and protecting the nation.  Essentially, intelligence revolves around the
objectives of the nation in assisting in the determination and planning methods
to accomplishing the mission.  The U.S.
for instance, has established directives to drive its collection methods using
This in turn works in favor for the whole system which is dependent and
relies on information from the IC and also ensures there is room for
improvement.  Improving the intelligence
system requires having better applications in the requirement driven approach
rather than totally discarding the entire approach that is used. (Dearth and
Goodden 1995)

should be understood that strategic intelligence when utilized by the
intelligence community, is mostly done to support the policymakers.  Strategic intelligence is regarded as being
more of a community service since its mandates are that of assisting the
policymakers in approaching matters of national security.  There is a big difference between data
information and intelligence. (Grigorescu 2015)  Intelligence maybe a refined subset which is
supposed to respond towards a particular policy requirement while information
is regarded as anything that can be known. 
Intelligence experts have the abilities of turning information into
intelligence through connecting and deciphering the data issues which are
related to security thus giving the information value and meaning.

agenda of the IC is one which acts to prevent, disrupt and preempt enemy
attacks through continuously identifying their weaknesses as well as
communicating their findings with the military commanders, law enforcement
agencies and policymakers.  This data is
then presented to the policymakers who offer a sufficient background towards
evaluating on how it can be incorporated in current approaches to current

conclusion, combining the use of HUMINT, OSINT, GEOINT, SIGINT and IMINT is
essential in the IC when supporting strategic intelligence and the
policymakers.  Strategic intelligence
adds value since it ensures there is an abundance of relevant information which
is utilized effectively in coming up with solutions for the existing challenges.  Strategic intelligence not only makes a
difference in the manner in which there is an abundance of information but also
by adding credibility and providing the information in its context.  This is achieved through incorporating the
components and elements of strategic intelligence.

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