the urbanization which consequent either by the population migration from rural
spaces to cities in order to obtain a preferable and sustainable life (for the
sake of medical care, education, jobs, etc.)
or by the migration from the destructive ( poor ) countries to a better one.
The expanded urbanization demands a recent mode and methods, creative, to
governance the intricacy of the cities life: (Extra cities, sources and energy
exhaustion, environment preservation, and managing the resources, etc.)
Due to this, the urban and cities have to become smarter and led to
occur a huge city which is called megacities in order to accommodate the vast
quick glance at the terminology that synonyms the phrase (smart city ) with
their respective and brief definition:-
promote the workability, and sustaining livability of the city by employing the
information and communication technology.
“Digital City” is
the other most public and common expression used for the term of the smart city at the end of the last century in
the late 90s behind the information and communication technology’s
developments, in especially between ( 1996-1999 ), the term Digital City was
called European Digital City in Europe.
term “Digital City” gradually declined and superseded by the modern term “smart
city”, which mixed the elements of the internet technology developments, and
also urban planning and developments of the society.
is the term appeared in 1950 in the field of sustainable development which
explained the delineation to make a contingency solution for limiting and
bordering the climate changes.
in the middle of the 90s by a funded group-urban Ecology in California. Their
main aims were developing the urban in a balance with nature.
“Future Cities” is
a manifest in the starting 2009, which linked the urbanization with energy,
information technology, ecology, engineering, civil constructions, traditional
thinking, and the urban planning.
Continuously, there are many tools and
characteristics that utilize the definition of the smart city which describe in figure 2.
it mentioned before, smart cities had appeared in both developed and developing
countries, and smart cities became the main
feature of assessing the development of cities and new good solution method
were also used to solve the cities exponential and development. The appearance
of smart cities in both developed and developing countries are sometimes seen as unsuccessful. In this
paper, the reason will be discussed in smart cities establishment. Also, this paper will describe smart city
investment, and employ the principles as
existing cities and construct new cities.