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Skylar Howard                                                                                                                    Howard1                  English IIMs. Foley December 5, 2017 Perspective “Not until we are lost do we begin to understand ourselves”-Henry David Thoreau. People take for granted the things they have and how they treat it but once the thought of everything disappears, they discover the real them. The novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding portrays the sense of characters changing from one person to another and how by losing or gaining something, it can change a person’s whole personality. Through the book, Golding shows many character changes between Ralph, Jack, and Piggy when they are given everything and nothing. Ralph, being one of the main characters of Lord of the Flies shows characteristics of leadership, intelligence, and responsibility. While all others are mainly focused on having fun, playing and getting out of work, Ralph’s main objective is to find shelter, food and increase their chances of getting off the island. Following his fast leadership, the boys began to make Ralph into their leader and declare him chief in the beginning of the book. Since the start, he took control and was always the first one to step up in any situation that kept the boys safe. “‘You hunters! You can laugh! But I tell you smoke is more important than the pig, however often you kill one. Do all of you see?’ He spread his arms wide and turned to the whole triangle. ‘We’ve got to make smoke up there – or die.'” (Golding, 86-87).  By telling the boys what to do and showing initiative, he helps the boys to get rescued and gives them simple tasks to achieve that. Ralph also shows responsibility through his willingness to keep all the boys together as one team. The Howard2conch was a way of displaying domination and taking over and although there were many chances for him to create a dictatorship but never obused the privileges he was given. “There’s another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island they may not notice us. So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire. (Golding, 29-30) ” He knew if they let the fire go out, a plane or ship may not be able to see them and they would not get off the island. Jack, The leader of the boys’ choir, is said to be manipulative, violent, and represented as the dark side of human nature. Before arriving on the island, Jack was a former choirmaster and head boy at his school knowing a few tricks in taking control over other kids with his aggressive attitude. Through the book he advertises a very power hungry and threatening personality making up rules and punishing those who do not follow them. The book began with conflict between jack and Ralph competing for chief and Ralph winning in the beginning. Instead of working with Ralph to get everyone found, Jack goes against him causing the death of Simon and Piggy and making him go “internally wild”. “This from Piggy, and the wails of agreement from some of the hunters drove Jack to violence. He took a step, and able at last to hit someone, stuck his fist into Piggy’s stomach. Piggy sat down with a grunt. His voice was vicious with humiliation.”You would, would you? Fatty!” Ralph made a step forward and Jack smacked Piggy’s head. Piggy’s glasses flew off and tinkled on the rocks. Piggy cried out in terror. “My specs!'” (Golding, 75). As he hit Piggy he began to feel more powerful and knew to keep his position as chief he had to show his dark side. From his dark side, Jack took advantage of the boys emotions by showing them what it was Howard3like to hunt and and to be a hunter making them loyal to him. As Jack gets the opportunity to get the boys to be on his side he takes it. Ralph and piggy, thinking of ways to get everyone off the island, thinks of a way to build a fire big enough to allow boats and planes to see them at any given time. When Ralph pitches the idea to build a fire, Jack builds up the concern of “the beastie” to get the boys to be more involved with hunting for boar rather than building the fire. “I expect the beast disguised himself.” “Perhaps …. We’d better keep on the right side of him, anyhow. You can’t tell what he might do.” The tribe considered this; and then were shaken, as if by a flow of wind. The chief saw the effect of his words and stood abruptly. ‘”(Golding, 142-143) Jack was putting the feeling of fear in the boys heads to get them to think he would protect them from the beast. Piggy, although described with bad eyesight, more overweight, and asthma, is considered the intellect of the island. Piggy gives out well thought out tactics that could benefit to them getting off the island but because of jack messing with the boys heads, he leads them to his side rather than giving Piggy a chance to speak. Often at times the only way for Piggy to be heard is through Ralph. While Ralph was given the role of chief, Piggy was right behind him telling him they need rules and order. Piggy lacks leadership qualities and the affection of the others but by having Ralph as leader, it helps piggy to feel needed and allows him to give his ideas without being shut down. Through the book, Piggy’s glasses are shown as a sign of intelligence. He knows things the other boys don’t, like the necessity for laws and order, and how to use the conch. When the boys take Piggy’s glasses, his vision goes away meaning his greatest quality is taken away. He becomes useless and the world he represents is useless, too. “‘The chief led Howard4them, trotting steadily, exulting in his achievement. He was a chief now in truth; and he made stabbing motions with his spear. From his left hand dangled Piggy’s broken glasses.”‘ (Golding, 296-302) This is a symbol of how far the boys came from civilization. While the boys begin to grow more into animals, Piggy’s glasses show the opposite. His glasses symbolize improvement, discovery, and alteration. Without his glasses, the boys never would have been able to start the signal fire that.  “‘Jack pointed suddenly. “His specs. use them as burning glasses!” Piggy was surrounded before he could back away.”‘ (Golding, 159-161) The boys made fun of Piggy for having glasses but when they needed them most, they came in handy.   “Not until we are lost do we begin to understand ourselves.”- Henry David Thoreau.When Ralph, jack, and Piggy were given the chance to change their identities some of them changed for better or worse. By having everything you could ever dream of, it can change your perspective at how you look at the world and how you look at yourself. People take for granted the things they have and how they treat it but when everything is taken away, it really makes you think of who you were before.

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