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SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY             In this research, we make sure
that this would be timely and relevant in the present situation of the
Philippine education. DepEd implemented this Mother Tongue Based- Multilingual
Education or MTB-MLE, so that the future students of the country would not be
iliterate of their mother tongue. The MTB-MLE would also let the students
understand more and makes them express more their thoughts and new concets of
what they have learned in the subjects Mathematics and Sciences.            The
research is made to give a clear thought of what language is most preferable
and legible in instructing Mathematics and Science. The study also benefits us
by letting us know what language does the students perform well in Mathematics
and Science tests. When this language is encouraged, general of the students
studying in the country especially those who are studying in public schools who
has a poor foreign language foundation, that they may perform best in the
subjects Mathematics and Science using the mother tongue language. The study
will also benefit the Department of Education, for this research will open new
ideas about the using of MTB-MLE as a medium of instruction in the subjects
Mathematics and Science. DepEd will implement new rules and laws, beneficial
for the MTB-MLE program.               SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY            The research focuses on the
effectiveness of mother tongue based-mulitilingual education as an instruction
among the Grade 11 students perfromance. Through this we can tell whether
MTB-MLE is effective or not in influencing better performance of the students.
The study will be conducted on the second semester of the academic year
2017-2018 of International School for Culinary Arts and Hotel Management.            To
delimit study, we only chose the Grade 11 students to be our population to
avoid time consuming and inconvenience to the teacher due to interrupting their
class. The topics that will be covered in test questionnaires are only those
topics that is discussed in the second semester of the academic year 2017-2018.          DEFINITION OF TERMS·        
advantageous
– giving an advantage·        
articulate
– expressing oneself, readily, clearly and effectively·        
barrier
– something immaterial that impedes or separates·        
cognitive
– based on, or cable of being reduced to empirical factual knowledge·        
Concepts
– an abstract of generic idea generalized from particular instances·        
Conclusion
– the necessary consequence of two or more propositions taken as premises·        
Conduct
– a mode or standard of personal behavior especially as based on moral
principles ·        
discourse
– a mode of organizing knowledge, ideas, or experience that is rooted in
language and its concrete contexts·        
Foreign
Language – a language indigenous to another country·        
foundation
– an underlying base or support·        
long-standing
– having existed or continued for a long time·        
Mathematical
Language –  system used by mathematicians
to communicate mathematical ideas among themselves·        
Medium
– a means of effecting or conveying something·        
Mother
Tongue – the language that a person has grown up speaking from early childhood·        
pervasive
– existing in or spreading through every part of something·        
Pre-school
– an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood
education to children between the ages of three and five, prior to the
commencement of compulsory education at primary school ·        
qualitative
research – a method of inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines,
including in the social sciences and natural sciences, but also in non-academic
contexts including market research, business, and service demonstrations by
non-profits·        
realm
– a kingdom·        
reasoning
– an instance of the use of reason·        
significant
– having or likely to have influence or effect·        
social
cohesion – defined as the willingness of members of a society to cooperate with
each other in order to survive and prosper·        
subject
matter – matter presented for consideration in discussion, thought, or study·        
symbolic
capital –  referred to as the resources
available to an individual on the basis of honor, prestige or recognition, and
serves as value that one holds within a culture     CHAPTER IIREVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE            Bhatia, T.K. and Ritchie, W.C, The Handbook of Bilingualism and
Multilingualism 2nd Ed. The book states that L2 is slower compared
to the dominant language even though the task is performed in either language.
It also states that people using L2 in tasks are able to name fewer items and
has a slower vocabulary over things than the people who are using the L1. Many
people acquire their L2 in a formal,education setting that is emotionally
neutral.(Dewaele, 2004). As a result, they do not have as many opportunities to
be conditioned to code emotional experiences in a second language. Bilinguals
typically show a bias toward answering questions in their native language
(Guttfreund, 1990). In short, people are more comfortable in expressing their
thoughts and emotions using their native or mother tongue language. In a room
where societal or 2nd language is dominant and is used as a medium
of instruction, native or mother tongue language si often used to help students
to cope with and understand the instruction (Wright, 2008). To conclude, the
book gives more highlights in the dominance of the 1st language or the
Mother Tongue language as a use for a better understanding of things,
instructions, and is more recommended to students so that they can express more
their emotions and concepts learned.            Datta,
M. Bilinguality and literacy principles
and practice. Variation relates to bilingual  homes where parents are fluent bilinguals,
and swtich between languages in specific contexts. Even today parents are asked
to talk to their children in English at home. Arguments for the provision of
bilingual education have been carfully 
explored  in worked which looked
at issues of both identity and cognitive development (Corson 1994;
Shutnabb-Kangas, 1981). It is important for all young children to be able to
draw on and learn through the language which they are already able to use
proficiently, extending conceptual understanding and language together. Case
studies have shown how important it is that educators work in many ways which
support children drawing n their first language and literature experiences
(Kenner, 1997; 2004). They view 
bilingualism as a asset which will increase children’s linguistic
awareness. In this book bilingualism  is
encouraged in the early stage of the child to asses their needs in
communication as they grow and to understand and perform better in their school
and works.  RELATED STUDIESJovem Ricablanca, “Effectiveness
of Mother Tongue-Based Instruction on Pupil’s Achievement in Mathematics”. Specifically,
it aimed to describe the  profile of the
pupils in terms of gender, socioeconomic status and ethnic origin; ascertain
the level of achievement in Mathematics when the pupils were exposed to mother
tongue based and English instruction; compare pupils’ Mathematics achievement
in the mother tongue-based instruction and English based instruction using the
results of their: pre-test, posttest and retention test; and differentiate pupils’
achievement in Mathematics between two groups when they are categorized
according to the profile variables: gender, socio economic status and ethnic
origin.Risa Reyes, “Using Filipino in the
Teaching of Science”. The aim of the study was to determine which language is
more effective in teaching Science in Grade 4. Specifically it attempted to
find out how two classes, one taught in English and the other in Filipino. Additionally, the study intended to
obtain the teacher’s and pupils’ points of view regarding which language they
considered more effective for use in the teaching/learning of science.             Lisa Burton’s “Mother Tongue-Based
Multilingual Education in the Philippines: Studying Top-Down Policy
Implementation from the Bottom Up”. May 2013. This study examined the ways in
which teachers and parents understand and enact MTB-MLE in one school district
in the Philippines. It provides a comparative look at the differences between
teachers’ and parents’ knowledge, beliefs, and practices at the local level and
frames them in the context of the national policy statements.  This study fills both theoretical and
practical gaps around MTB-MLE policy. It addresses theory by directing the
focus of the analysis to the bottom-up perspective of teachers and parents
amidst the national top-down reform. This study talks more about the MTB-MLE
policy and bringing it up for implementation.A research on the circulatory system
by the elementary science group of NISMED in 2003 recommended the use of a
language the pupils know in order to encourage active participation. It
reported that, since the intervention activities were in Filipino, the children
expressed themselves confidently thus developing high self-esteem and  manifesting joy during their participation.
Such positive experiences were found to be contributory to the success in
learning the concept of the circulatory system.Catherine M.B. Young, “Enablers
and Constraints of an Effective and Sustainable Mother Tongue-Based
Multilingual Education Policy In the Philippines”. March 2011.     This study will aim to contribute to debate
in the Philippines concerning the role of local languages in promoting quality
language education for all Filipino students, including those who have been and
are marginalised through their ethnolinguistic identity.   

The study
will aim to discern strategies for educational language planning and policy development
that would allow learners from minority language contexts the opportunity to access
every aspect of economic and social development without being required to sacrifice
their local languages and culture. One of the aims of this study will be to identify
and describe the contexts and issues that constrain the implementation of effective
multilingual education for learners from minority ethnolinguistic communities and,
similarly, identify the conditions that enable effective, sustainable implementation.
It will also aim to identify the dimensions of MLE practice that support and promote
effective institutionalisation in the formal and non-formal sectors in the Philippines.

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