Semi Structured Interviews consist of questions that were constructed before the start of the interview however the questions can be altered during an interview to suit the conversion. Question wording can be changed and explanations given; inappropriate questions for a particular interviewee can be omitted, or additional ones included (Teijlingen, 2014). This method would be very useful in trying to achieve the aim of this research since the researcher might only get one chance to see a particular participant hence the researcher would be able to cover a wide range of topics in one interview. An advantage of semi structured interviews is that the interviews are carefully managed by the moderator (Ritchie & Lewis, 2003 and Gillham, 2000). This would allow the interview to stay on point and not stray from the experience of participants in their home/community settings.
This however relies on the communication skills of the interviewer. Semi-structured interview tends to be a flexible method as it allows depth to be achieved by providing the opportunity on the part of the interviewer to probe and expand the interviewee’s responses” (Alshenqeeti, 2014). This would enable the women to further describe their experiences after being discharged from their respective mental facilities. Also, semi structured interviews provide a one a one settings which encourage participants to feel comfortable enough to discuss matters in depth as well as it allows the interview to be able to observe the actions of the interviewees and being able to determine if the experiences being shared by the women are in line with their expressions. However, it is likely that the interviewer can only ever come to a partial understanding of the females’ point of view. This is may be a result of participants having complex and contradictory perspectives and partly because it is not possible to fully encompass the experience of another person (Partington, 2001).A final approach that can be utilized by this research is an Ethnographic approach.
This approach examines human behaviour and belief within a well-defined community that shares a common culture. The researcher would study a group of women in their natural setting for a long period of time observing their day to day activities to assess how they interact with others and their surroundings. The researcher may be a participant and become involved in the daily lives of the group of women or non-participants observing as an outsider.
One main advantage of ethnographic approach is that participants are observed in their natural settings and therefore the researcher is able to see their actual social interactions rather than being told about their experience. However, there are a number of limitations associated with this method such as participants can only be observed for limited time periods (Wilkinson, 2008). Additionally, the act of being an observer may influence the behaviours of the participants under study (Wilkinson, 2008).In summary, the three research approaches discussed above are quite useful in extracting the information required to satisfy the aim of this research however there are a few drawbacks to the approaches. The following sections consist of the researcher’s proposed design and justification of methods.