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Rules/laws and
regulations in team sports and individual sports,

Rules for all players
in both individual and team sports, in individual team sports and team sports,
it always includes certain rules for them to follow, if they don’t follow these

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In sports, rules
define what is allowed or not allowed to occur during situations on and off the
court. Rules govern anything from wearing proper uniforms to how to keep score
during games of different levels of competition. The rules of a game apply to
players, coaches and officials, and vary among different sports and age groups.

Injury Prevention

Sports’ rules help
prevent injuries during practice and in games. Rules govern things such as
access to working safety gear, including helmets, padding and mouth guards.

Team sport (football)

Goals- A
goal is scored when the whole ball crosses the whole of the goal line between
the goal posts and under the cross bar, A player cannot score directly from
kick off without passing the ball to another player first, Own goals can be
scored from within the goal area.

Players Gear- All players
MUST wear shin pads. This is compulsory and failure to do so may result in that
player being excluded from play. Player not wearing shin pads, do so at their
own risk, Ideal Footwear is astro turf boots/trainers or moulds. Metal football
studs/blades and plastic blades are not permitted. Incorrect footwear could
result in injury to you and others. Failure to wear the appropriate footwear
may result in that player being excluded from play.

Yellow Cards- If a yellow card is awarded the player shall be
temporarily suspended from play, If a player receives 2 yellow cards in the
same game he shall not take any further part in the game. Red Card- If a straight red card is awarded the
offending player shall not be allowed to take further part in the match,
sliding tackles are forbidden and shall be punished by the awarding of a free

Number of players- A football
match is played by two teams of no more than eleven players each, with one
player per side playing a goalkeeper

Match duration-The
length of a soccer match is 90 minutes, played in two equal halves of 45
minutes. Additional minutes in a soccer game may be played at the end of each
half to compensate for lost time during the game.

Offside-A player is in
offside position if there are fewer than two defenders (including the goalie)
between him and the goal line. A violation of the offside rule in football
occurs if he is in that position and the ball is played to him. A free kick is
awarded to the opposition if a player is caught offside.

Penalty kick-A penalty kick
in football is awarded if a defender commits a foul inside his own penalty
area. The kick is taken from the penalty spot and all the players.

Corner kick-A corner kick in
football is awarded to the attacking team if an opposing player is the last to
touch the ball before it goes out of bounds on the goal-line. The attacking
team resumes play by placing the ball in the corner arc nearest to where it
crossed the goal line.

Start/restart of play- A kick-off starts a football game and restarts it
at the second half or after a goal is scored. The team which kicks off the ball
at the beginning of the match is determined by a coin toss, During the kick-off
in football, only two players are allowed inside the centre circle: the one
kicking and the one receiving the ball.


Skills and tactics
in football:

A pass can be
completed with different techniques. You can either do a short pass or a long

Short pass: A pass is when you give the ball to your
team mate by kicking the ball. To achieve accurate short pass is to use the
inside of your foot, this gives better control.

Long pass: This pass is used for a long range to find
a team mate in space. If you can play your teammate in space, he can move forward
with the ball and can shoot.

Heading: The ability to head the ball is a vital skill
to have.The forehead is the safest and most affective part of the head to use.

Shooting: Shooting is a main kicking skill used by
mainly strikers to score, there are many ways to shoot the ball, you can shoot
with the inside of the foot, the outside and toe, you can curve or chip the
ball to make it harder for the keeper to save it.


Standing tackle: is the main skill to get the ball
away from the oppenents striker and gain possession, to tackle well you nees to
focus on the ball and tackle strong and well timed.

Sliding tackle: is when you leave your feet and slide
along the ground with one leg.

Tactics: there are many various tactics effective in

Pass and move’: This is the most basic team tactic as
soon as the ball has come into possession of the player, they need to be quick
to decide whether to pass it or not. If they don’t pass it immediately, they
need to move with it; if they do pass it, they again need to move along,
following the general ball movement.

The long through ball: This is a long, and usually
high, pass from a teams’ own half, over the heads of the other team’s defence.
It is intended for the attacking players to chase and it is important that they
remain in an onside position until the ball is kicked. The tactic works best
with strong and fast forwards who will have a good chance of winning back the
ball, taking control over it, and eventually getting a shot on goal.

Counter attack-the tactic involves dropping deep,
allowing the opposition to have the ball and come forward with it, committing
players forward and leaving gaps in behind as they go. The aim is to take the
ball off the opposition, exploiting the space left to attack and score.



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