RESPONSIBLE HEAD OF REGIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT
If a regional disaster has happened, the responsible head of disaster management on scene is each head of Provincial Disaster Management Center (PDMC) in South Africa as shown above. Each province must establish and implement a framework for disaster management in the province:
§ To specialize in issues concerning disasters and disaster management in the province;
§ To ensure an integrated and uniform approach to disaster management in the province by all provincial organs of state, provincial statutory functionaries;
§ To be consistent with the provisions of this Act and the national disaster management framework.
The PDMC coordinates a quarterly Provincial Disaster Management Advisory Forum where all relevant stakeholders (National and Provincial Departments; District Municipalities, in particular, District Disaster Management Centers; B-Municipalities; Non-Governmental Organizations; Special Operations Executives; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; National Defense Force; SAPS; Cities; South Africa Weather Services) gather to discuss pertinent matters relevant to disaster management.
For example, the Disaster Management and Fire & Rescue Services Chief Directorate, is responsible for facilitating disaster management and coordinating fire and rescue services throughout the Western Cape Province, see Figure 7. Divided into two directorates: disaster risk reduction and disaster operations, the Chief Directorate is accommodated within the Provincial Disaster Management Center (PDMC).
Figure 7: Firefighters rescuing directed by PDMC
The Disaster Management and Fire & Rescue Services has three basic functions:
§ To establish and maintain institutional disaster management capacity and to implement effective risk reduction activities.
§ To prepare for and respond to disasters and coordinate disaster recovery.
§ To coordinate the provincial fire brigade function and capacitate municipalities.
In addition, each Provincial Disaster Management Center in South Africa can established its own rescue programs and plans, such as Fire Prevention Plan, Flood Contingency Plan and Snow Contingency Plan in Free State. For example, Free State reinforces and establishes response activities and assigns responsibilities to various response role players in Flood Contingency Plan, see table 3.
Table 3. Roles of response organizations in Flood Contingency Plan in Free State
Response Role Players
South African Weather Services
Flood Warnings to Disaster Managers, homes and businesses.
Provincial, District and Local Disaster Management Centers
Coordination (Mobilization of resources and volunteers)
Dept. Human Settlements
Dept. Police Roads and Transport – SAPS
Secure, protect and preserve the scene; Organize and disseminate casualty information; Provisionally identify dead people ; Restore normality
Dept. Police Roads and Transport – Traffic Management
Traffic Control; Providing road barriers and signs
Dept. Health – Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medical Services and emergency health advice
Dept. Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs
Flood alleviation e.g. clearing blocked drains; Minimize environmental dangers
Monitor and regulate dam levels; Flood Plain Management
Dept. Police Roads and TransportDept.of Health Fire Brigade Services
Search and Rescue
Dept. Police Roads and Transport
Air support helicopters
Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries
Assess Stock and Crop losses; Provide Relief Funding
Dept. Police Roads and TransportDepartment of Public Works
Assess damage to roads and infrastructure; Repair damaged roads and infrastructure, including buildings
Electricity Emergency Shutdown
Dept. of Social Development
Emergency feeding and clothing
Dept. of the Premier