Renaissance culture was greatly influenced by ancient Greece and Rome per Getlein.
The original idea behind this art work was to revive the Greek and Roman traditions varying from intellectual traditions, languages and even their values. According to history.com, “In the later 14th century, the proto-Renaissance was stifled by plague and war, and its influences did not emerge again until the first years of the next century.” Additionally, “The major artist working during this period was the painter Masaccio, known for his murals of the trio in the Church of Santa Maria Novella.
Masaccio painted for less than six years but was highly powerful in the early Renaissance for the intellectual nature of his work, as well as its degree of naturalism (history.com).” The interesting part of this period in time was that most people who study in this field believe Italy was only able to found this form of art due to its financial stability at the time. Although, Masaccio was an innovator for this time period, Donatello should not be forgotten whom also created detailed looks such as his “Saint Mark.
” The trend went from early renaissance to high renaissance. According to history.com, “By the end of the 15th century, Rome had displaced Florence as the principal center of Renaissance art, reaching a high point under the powerful and ambitious Pope Leo X (a son of Lorenzo de’ Medici).
Three great masters–Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael–dominated the period known as the High Renaissance.” This form of art actually has lighting, linear as well as a strong sense of anatomy. In fact, Leonardo da Vinci studied anatomy in order to create a more realistic painting and to perfect his artwork. The most notable picture from him would be his “Mona Lisa” in which he demonstrates a naturalism and realistic work. To summarize, early renaissance took on a natural approach, whereas High renaissance focused on trying to revive classic standards.
Explain what primarily distinguishes Renaissance art in general from the prior period. The main difference between the Medieval and the renaissance era is the attention to detail portrayed. Medieval paintings lacked depth and detail with their artwork, whereas the renaissance period displayed a sense of an advanced society that thrived on values and traditions. Furthermore, medieval art was designed to teach a lesson, usually a religious lesson, where as Renaissance art glorified the individuals. Consider this, most Medieval statues were unnatural saints, yet Renaissance statues resemble actual humans. Compare and contrast the work of an Italian Renaissance artist with a work done by a northern European Renaissance artist.
The following table displays a table to distinguish the two and was provided by https://www2.palomar.edu/users/mhudelson/StudyGuides/ItalvsNorthRen_WA.html ITALIAN RENAISSANCENORTHERN RENAISSANCESubject Matter Classical mythology, religious scenesDomestic interiors, portraits, religious scenesStyleSymmetrical, balanced, good sense of mass, linear perspectiveAttention to surface detail, naturalismKnown forFigures with mass and volume, knowledge of underlying anatomyMinute surface detailMediaFresco, tempera, oilOil on panelExampleMichelangelo, Creation of Adam from the Sistine Chapel ceilingJan van Eyck, Arnolfini WeddingWhat stands out in relations to Italian Renaissance and northern European is that Italian Renaissance focused on political power. Citations Getlein, Mark. Living with Art. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2008.