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Question 1: Leadership is
said to be a vital quality which is becoming very rare in the organizations. It
would not be wrong if we say that it is a progression where an individual
solicits the backing of other entities for the completion of mutual objectives.
The leaders are the visionaries and also act as a catalyst in terms of
influencing and inspiring others. Based on the above statements discuss the
significance of leadership in any organization. Conclude by answering that how
the organization would fare if leadership is not right?

Answer 1: Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to
act towards achieving a common goal. A good leader should be able to set an
example for others to follow. Some of the reasons why Leadership is important
to an organization are:

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Leadership provides clear Vision: Leaders communicate a clear vision to employees of an
organization by presenting a bigger picture. They are the connection between
the organization and the employee. Thus,
employees remain focused regarding the organizational direction and do not
stray from their roles and responsibilities.

Leadership leads to effective planning: Leader provide a structured approach to generate a plan of
action to achieve organizational goals. Planning helps employees to identify,
contribute to and understand their roles in achieving defined objectives

Leaders Inspire and Motivate: If a leader shows commitment and enthusiasm towards
organizational goals, he/she provides inspiration and motivation for employees
to perform at a high level.

Leaders build employees Morale: High- employee morale signifies willful dedication of
employees towards their work. Leaders build employee morale to maintain that
dedication. This help in encouraging employees to perform with perseverance as
they work to achieve the goals.

Leaders encourage new ideas: Leader encourages employees to
contribute and discuss new ideas and innovative techniques by creating positive
environment. This helps in using employees’ diverse experiences and ideas to
improve business.

Leaders improve Employee-organization Relationship: An effective relationship between a leader and the
employees in an organization validates that employees are considered valuable
and integral to the organization. This creates a sense of ownership among
employees and builds a favorable relationship between employees and the

Leaders help in management of crisis: Leadership helps in motivating employees to remain focused
during a crisis. During difficult times leaders can remind employees of their
achievements and encourage them to achievable goals.


Conclusion: – The organization would not fare if
leadership is not right. The absence of effective leadership often slows down
the growth of an organization, because employees tend to lose direction and
competitiveness. Leadership provides many advantages to an organization; wrong
leadership would lead to failure.



Question 2: Politics is said to be an inevitable evil at any workplace,
no matter how much one tries to be away from it, would always find to be
embroiled in it. It is a proven fact that politics cannot be avoided at any
cost but has to be coped. It becomes imperative to be well aware of the
elements contributing to politics at workplace. Keeping in view the above
statements introduce the concept of workplace politics. Also, list factors
contributing to workplace politics. Give concluding remarks on the importance
of workplace politics

Answer 2: The mobilization of power in an organization gives birth to
the process of politics. Power is crucial to the formulation of strategies in
organization. This is because decisions regarding whether to continue with the
previous strategy or formulate a new one are always political in nature.

Negative organizational politics may prove destructive for an
organization. Negative politics has been identified as one of the major sources
of stress within existing organizations. Negative political tactics involve
filtering or distortion of information, non- cooperation, retaliations,
dishonesty, sabotage and coercions.      

Factors contributing to workplace politics:-

1.      Individual Factors

a.     Need for power

i.     Personal Power

ii.     Institutional Power

b.     Machiavellianism- Machiavellians are individuals who deploy
unscrupulous means to influence other individuals for their own purposes. They
often are able to influence other individuals and tend to initiate and
manipulate social interactions in organizations.

c.      Locus of Control- It includes the extent to which individual
believe that they can control events that affect them. There are two types of
locus of control:

i.     Internal Locus of Control

ii.     External Locus of Control

d.     Risk-seeking Tendency- Individuals differ in their readiness
to bear risks or their risk-seeking tendencies and hence are classified as:

i.     Risk Avoiders

ii.     Risk Seekers

2.     Organizational Factors

a.     Limited resources

b.     Uncertainty in decision making

c.      Performance pressure


Conclusion: – Workplace politics has a direct impact on group
cohesiveness. Politics gives rise to secrecy, egocentric behavior,
non-cooperation, and emotional instability, all of which affect employee
teamwork. Unfavorable attitudes among employees affect the organizational
culture and consequently the overall performance and success of the



Question 3: Sanjay and Sam are co-workers. They both
are working in the same project but their work values are quite contrast to
each other. Sanjay belongs to GenX (The X Generation) and relies a lot on the
team-work as well as its (team’s) upliftment, whereas Sam is from GenY (The Y
Generation) or the Millennial and for him self-reliance is more important.
Though they share a great personal rapport but they always find dissonance
at work.



Answer 3:

Explain the reason for their dissonance? It is natural to
have such dissonance, give concluding remarks for the same?

Both Sanjay and Sam come from two different schools of
thoughts. Sanjay rely more on team work and team’s upliftment and on the other
hand for Sam self reliance is the most important aspect. As mentioned below the
work ethics are different for Gen X and Gen Y and their way of working is also
different hence, there can be disagreement at their work place.

According to me it is natural to have disagreement or
difference in opinion or thoughts as that would lead to discussion which would
further lead to new ideas which can be for the fulfillment of the organization.
Dissonance at work does not mean that we hamper our and our team’s performance;
we can take this in more positive manner and come to a conclusion which is profitable
for the company and its employees.

Introduce the value system of your generation. Discuss the
rest of the generations and their values?

My generation is Generation
Y (Millennial). Its birth year was 1981-2000. The value system of my generation is: Realism, Confidence,
Extreme Fun, Social, Multitasking, Tenacity, Entrepreneurial, Tolerant and Goal
Oriented. The rest of the generations and their values are:

Traditionalist/ Veteran- Their
birth year was 1900-1945. They experienced tough times when younger but began
to see some prosperity toward the end of the period. Their Values included: Respect for
authority, Conformers, Discipline, Hard work and Adhere to rules

Baby Boomers- Their birth year
was 1946-1964.
Their experiences helped to shape
our country; issues such as the sexual revolution, the Vietnam War, and the
emergence and development of civil rights also shaped how these individuals
think and view the world. Their Values were: Workaholics, Work efficiently,
Crusading causes, Personal fulfillment, Desire quality and Question authority.

Generation X- Their birth year
was 1965-1980.
These individuals experienced, a
very turbulent time, with the issues such as Watergate, the development
of ‘latchkey kids’ (children who came home from school and did not
have a parent home when they got there due to dual-income families), and the
energy crisis. Their Values were: Eliminate the task, Want structure and
direction, Skeptical and Informal



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