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Psychodynamic approach describes an individual’s
personality in the way of a unconscious psychological processes that starts
from birth. Freud’s psychoanalysis approach explores the individuals
unconscious mind and focuses on emotions and thoughts to gain a better
understanding of one’s self. Freud’s theory is clinically based on what
individuals told him during therapy sessions. This therapy is used to treat
mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. This approach views the
unconscious mind as the main foundation of human behaviour and all behaviour as
a cause, and becomes determined. Freud explains this by using an iceberg
representing the mind. The most vital part of the mind we cannot view, is our
motives, feelings and decisions which are influenced by our past experiences
and stored in the unconscious. Our childhood events have a great influence on
our adult life, shaping personality. Events that happened in our childhood can
remain in the unconscious and cause problems in our adult years. Freud’s
psychodynamic theory suggested that our personality is made up in three parts,
id, ego and super-ego. The id plays an important part of our personality as
newborns, and based on our pleasure principle. When a child is hungry, the id
wants food, so the baby cries. If a child is in pain or discomfort or wants
attention, the id speaks up until the needs are met. The id does not care about
reality, only it’s needs and satisfaction. The ego understands that individuals
have needs and desires. This part of the personality is responsible for meeting
the needs of the id, while considering the reality of the situation. Like the
id, the ego seeks pleasure and avoids pain on the basis of devising a realistic
plan to get pleasure. The super-ego is the moral part of our personality
developing values, social rules and morals of society learnt from parents and
others. The super-ego’s function is to control the id’s impulses such as social
behaviour, aggression and sex. 

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