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Police The police’s role in the Manchester bombing was to clear the building of any more bombs or potential terror suspects so that other emergency crews could get in the building and help any people, the polices role was also to cordon off roads so that other the fire service and ambulance service could come in but had to clear the arena first before allowing the services in to do their job, whilst also keep civilians back away from harm. The police had to collaborate with other services to carry out effective and efficient work to keep everyone safe (Richard Hartley-Parkinson, 2017).   Fire service The fire-fighters were told not to go in and start helping the injured people get to safety and to get treated, they weren’t allowed to enter the arena for 90 minutes after the attack which left many fire-fighters ashamed that they were unable to do their job, by the time they got in all the people had been treated or got out which rendered the fire service as useless (Baker, K, 2017).  Ambulance  The ambulance service was the most important emergency service on the ground by far as they had to help over 60 people who were injured in the blast, they treated over 60 walking people and took 59 of them to a hospital for further treatment they were also there to calm down people in and out of the building but sadly 22 people were killed (Roberts, R, Osbourne, S, 2017). Non-statutory  Red Cross The Red Cross have been helping those affected by the bombing by providing a level of expertise that other services can’t provide for example they have been providing emotional and practical support the next day by starting an emergency fund for those affected, the red cross also sent ambulances to hospitals so that people could get home safely and free up beds needed for others (British Red cross, 2017). Salvation Army The Salvation Army helped at the Manchester bombing by offering a safe place to have a drink and some food to the public services and victims this was important to keep the public services going so they could have the energy to help victims (Emily, 2017). The Samaritans The Samaritans helped by proving a phone line for people to call if they were distressed and needed emotional support (Samaritans, 2017).  P4 – Explain the roles and responsibilities of the public services when attending at the scene of an emergency incident The fire services at the Grenfell tower fire played a major part of the incident. When arriving at the scene all of the services must follow the mnemonic; CHALET C-CASUALTIES:?They must all know the approximate numbers of those who are ??dead, injured and uninjured. H-HAZARD:?They must all know any hazards that could be present on scene or a potential hazard that could happen. A-ACCESS:?They would all need to know the easiest routes to access the scene for their vehicles. L-Location:?They need to know where the incident is so they can get to it as soon as possible. E-Emergency:?They need to know which services are already on scene and which are required to attend the scene. T:?Type:?They need to know the type of incident that is; how many vehicles, people and buildings are involved. (Tidy C DR, 2015)  Fire Fighters  The roles they played at the fire were mainly to put the 24-floor fire out even though it took over 60 hours to be extinguished, needed over 200 fire fighters and 40 fire engines to do so, the main role they had was to save lives above all their other role was to put the fire out which was much harder than anticipated, these were the 2 major roles off the fire fighters. The fire service is responsible for identifying, detecting and monitoring any hazardous materials on a scene of an incident to prevent any more problems and stop not only protect the people on the scene but to prevent any further problems which could harm the surrounding environment. The responsibilities of the fire fighters at the fire were a wide variety of things such as getting the hoses out of the fire trucks, controlling the pressure off the water at the fire trucks. The main responsibilities of a fire fighter are to save people’s lives and that is above all the main factor of being a fire fighter to put other people’s lives above your own    Police The role the police played in the Grenfell tower fire was very important as they had to get people away from the building, so they could cordon an area big enough for the fire fighters and ambulances to come in and do their jobs whilst doing this they also need to question eye witnesses so that they can get an eye account of what happened, so they can try to figure out what was going on. If a specialist team is needed they must also call for them for example there would be lots of evidence at Grenfell, so a specialist team called SOCO or special officer that collects evidence also they must redirect traffic as to avoid traffic building up. The responsibilities of the police is to give the other emergency services room in order for them to do their jobs to the best of their abilities another responsibility of a police officer is to save lives of anyone that was injured at the scene and would need inter agency cooperation, they must also make sure the public don’t come on to the scene as to tamper with evidence it also mean that they won’t be in the way of people doing their jobs whilst  Ambulance   The roles of a paramedic are quite straight forward and different to the Police and the Fire service which is to treat people that are in need of assistance and to save people’s lives also if a person gets injured or is in a life-threatening situation then they must that the person becomes stabilized and able to be moved to receive further medical assistance, they also must work at stressful situations such as a car crash then there will be lots of debris on the road, so they will have to avoid it to get to the patient who is in need.`   D1: Evaluate the inter-agency cooperation of the emergency response services For the best outcome of a major disaster all emergency services must work together as doing this will result in saving the most lives. The first emergency service to arrive is usually the police this is due to them being in fast response vehicles and also as the have to find out what has happened so that they can relay that information back to the other services this depends on how bad the situation is for example if it’s a fire in an abandoned building they will only need to call the fire brigade not the ambulance but if it’s a house fire then both will need to be needed. An example of how the agency’s work together is a road traffic collision as if the police arrive first they will need to cordon off the area so that more people don’t get hurt, they will also need to clear up any debris on the road and anything that could cause the injured person to get hurt even more and once the fire service arrive they will access the situation and work out how to get them out of the car if they are stuck then once the patient has been cut out of the car then the paramedics will have to do their job and then take them to a hospital for further treatment. A larger case study of inter-agency cooperation is when the 7/7 attacks happened back in 2005 this is when 4 suicide bombers blew up 3 different trains and a bus with the first 3 attacks happening within 50 seconds and the 4th taking place an hour later on the bus which killed 52 people and injuring hundreds more (Rodgers L, Quarshi S, Connor S, 2015). The emergency services had to work together to make sure that people were safe and that there were no more attacks that were going to happen and to accomplish this they needed to use teamwork, cooperation and many other essential skills to save the amount of people that they did. Due to a lack of technology and communication it took some public services a lot of time to arrive at the scene as for the ambulance service it took them over 50 minutes to one of the bombing sites and that was only when after reports of a second blast which was a controlled explosion (Casciani D, 2011). The fire brigade were unable to access the tunnel as they didn’t receive information for if the rails had been turned off otherwise they were at risk of being electrocuted, after one police officer stood on the rails to prove that they were in fact turned off and whilst this was going on 4 fire fighters were already on the train, when the first crew reached Kings Cross station at 09:13 but didn’t actually go to the scene until a 2nd crew came as it was protocol that they were there (Casciani D, 2011). With the police they were currently changing their communication system and were unable to communicate from underground and had to get people to run backwards and forwards relaying information to the control centre (Casciani D, 2011)

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