BRIEF HISTORY ON TORQUAY
Torquay’s name originates in its being the quay of the ancient village of Torre. In turn,
Torre takes its name from the tor, the
extensively quarried remains of which can be seen by the town’s Lymington Road
thus giving this the original name of Torrequay, then Torkay, Torkey and Tor Quay
before joining the words together to Torquay.
LOCATION AND LOCALE;
are an important tool for any investigation of place. They can show the
location of a place in relation to others and, depending on the type of map
chosen can also display physical and human features of the local area. The
above map is the Ordnance Survey map of Torquay showing the location.
Torquay is a seaside town in Devon, part
of the unitary authority area of Torbay. It lies 18 miles south of Exeter and
28 miles east-north-east of Plymouth. It is situated on the north of Torbay
adjoining the neighbouring town of Paignton on the west of the bay and across
from the fishing port of Brixham. The town’s economy, like Brixham’s, was
initially based upon fishing and agriculture, but in the early 19th century it
began to develop into a fashionable seaside
resort, initially frequented by members of the
Royal Navy during the Napoleonic
Wars while the Royal
Navy anchored in the bay. Later, as the town’s
fame spread, it was popular with Victorian society. Renowned for its healthful climate,
the town earned the name of the English Riviera. The arrival of the rail way in
1848 made travel more affordable and widespread and Torquay became more popular
due to this.
Above is an extract
Single (never married)
Married or remarried
Separated or divorced
Religion not stated
two tables above show the statistics of the
that live in Torbay
The 2011 census confirmed Torbay’s reputation as a retirement area, with
a higher proportion of all age groups over the age of 50 than nationally.
However, compared to 2001, age groups 75-79 and 80-85 both showed a decline of
around 4%, compared to increases of 1.5% and 14% for the whole country.
According to the 2011 census, Torquay is the home to about 65,000 people. And
of these, 21%, are over the age of 65. This significantly higher than national
figure of 16.3% which also proves that Torbay is a popular retirement area.
There is very little ethnic diversity in Torquay. The 2011 population
censes showed that about 95% of the inhabitants of the area are white British.
Historically, the tourist-based economy attracted few migrants to Torbay. There
has been a greater immigration of eastern Europeans in recent years, but the
area is still characterised by limited ethnic variations.
In 2001, unemployment in Torquay was high at
6.8% – this compared with 3.9% for Devon, and 5.0% for England.
Many locals were employed in the Pontins holiday center before it was sold off.
Torquay was the home of Suttons
Seeds until it relocated to the neighboring town
of Paignton in 1998, and Beverage
Brands, the owners of the popular and controversial
alcoholic brand WKD, was
based in the town until 2011.
During the 19th century, Torquay grew from being a small
fishing village of 800 people into a fashionable seaside resort that attracted
tourist therefore contributing to the bosting of the economy of the area. The
table below shows the employment and unemployment status of the people living
in the area as at 2011.
Torquay – Persons
Surf Coast Shire %
Surf Coast Shire %
2011 to 2016
Unemployed (Unemployment rate)
Hours worked not stated
Looking for full-time work
Looking for part-time work
Total labour force
Below is an extract of a chart showing the employment
status of Torquay as at 2016. I have put these two representations to compare
the rate of growth of the economy of the area
Employment status, 2016
The chart I have decided to introduce above shows the
comparison in the economy between 2011 and 2016.
Change in employment status, 2011 to 2016
Above is an extract of a chart
I have decided to introduce above showing the comparison in the economy between
2011 and 2016.
Media representations of Torquay have been
mixed. For many people Torquay would always be associated with the 1970s comedy
series, Fawlty towers, loosely based on an experience the actor had while
filming in Torquay and staying in a hotel there. A more positive representation
of Torquay is that of a crime writer Agatha Christie who happened to be born in
has got different public perceptions. In a survey carried out, tourism reports
show that Torquay was perceived to have a classy past but an unclear present,
while a range of positive and negative comments can be found on various
discussion forums and platforms owing to the different ways different people
tend to judge Torquay.
HISTORY ON Brick LANE
Winding through fields, the street was
formerly called Whitechapel Lane. It derives its current name from brick and
tile manufacture started in the 15th century, which used the local brick
earth deposits and featured in the 16th century Woodcut map of London as a partially-developed crossroad leading north from
the city’s most easterly edge. By the 17th century, the street was being
developed northwards from the Barres (now Whitechapel High Street) because of
INVESTIGATING LOCATION AND LOCALE;
Brick Lane is a street in east London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It runs from Swanfield Street in the
northern part of Bethnal
Green, crosses Bethnal Green Road in Shoreditch, passes through Spitalfields and is linked to Whitechapel High Street to the south by the short
stretch of Osborn Street. Today, it is the heart of the city’s Bangladeshi-Sylheti community and is known to some as Banglatown. It is
famous for its many curry houses.
In the 17th century, the area
saw an influx of french Huguenots who had been driven out of france. The
streets and surrounding areas became well known for its weaving and tailoring.
Like much of the east end this area was also a heaven for immigrants moving
into london to escape persecution abroad or looking for a better life. More
recently the area has been known as Banglatown mostly because of the large
population bangladesh immigrants. Evidence of peopke and communities that have
given the Brick lane area its unique character can be seen around such as the
jewish synagogue, the muslim mosque, the methodist chapel, etc.
Media representations of Brick Lane are more
numerous and more varied. The geographical area of Brick Lane and Spitalfields
has numerous websites devoted entirely to it, detailing everything from the
best curry houses to walking tours of the street art. The area has also become
a popular tourist destination for visitors to london and features prominently
in most guidebooks. Other representation of brick lane come from people
acctually living or working there. Local poet Sally Flood has written
extensively about Brick lane. She was an
embriodery machinist for most of her working life.
Deprivation is widespread in Tower
Hamlets and the borough is one of the most deprived areas in the country.
However, the 2015 index of multiple deprivation found fewer areas of Tower
Hamlets to be among the most deprived 10% in England than in 2010.
Gentrification accounted for some of this trend as middle classed families
moved into traditionally poorer parts of London while the poor moved to
borouhgs in the outskirts where housing costs and rents are lower. The area was
ranked the most deprived Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) in all london but there
have been relative improvements since then. As at 2015 it was ranked as being
in the 20% most deprived neighborhoods in the country.
This is an
extract from the London Borough of Tower Hamlets
Of the fees and
charges of street trading and I have highlighted
Brick Lane to
show the comparison.
Brick Lane is mainly characterised by
the Bangladesh immigrants that are trying to evade prosecution.
In the 2011 census the population of
Tower Hamlets was 254,096 and is made up of approximately 48% females and 52%
The average age of people in Tower Hamlets is 31, while the median age
is lower at 29.
54.6% of people living in Tower Hamlets were born in England. Other top
answers for country of birth were 15.3% Bangladesh, 1.5% India, 1.4% China,
1.2% Scotland, 1.2% Somalia, 1.1% Ireland, 1.1% South America, 1.1% Australia,
0.8% United States.
65.8% of people living in Tower Hamlets speak English. The other top
languages spoken are 18.0% Bengali, 1.4% French, 1.2% Spanish, 1.2% All other
Chinese, 1.1% Italian, 1.0% Somali, 0.9% Polish, 0.8% Portuguese, 0.7% German.
The religious make up of Tower Hamlets is 34.5% Muslim, 27.1% Christian,
18.7% No religion, 1.7% Hindu, 1.1% Buddhist, 0.5% Jewish, 0.3% Sikh, 0.1%
39,089 people did not state a religion. 702 people identified as a Jedi
Knight and 15 people said they believe in Heavy Metal.
28.3% of people are married, 10.3% cohabit with a member of the opposite
sex, 2.0% live with a partner of the same sex, 44.7% are single and have never
married or been in a registered same sex partnership, 7.6% are separated or
divorced. There are 9,732 widowed people living in Tower Hamlets.
The top occupations listed by people in Tower Hamlets are Professional
25.7%, Associate professional and technical 20.4%, Business, media and public
service professionals 12.4%, Business and public service associate
professionals 12.0%, Managers, directors and senior officials 11.0%,
Administrative and secretarial 9.9%, Elementary 9.5%, Elementary administration
and service 9.2%, Sales and customer service 7.9%, Corporate managers and