Piggy is the smartest boy in the group.
Piggy’s glasses are representative of the power of knowledge and a symbol for society and how traditional societal values crumble throughout the book as his glasses break. The importance of the glasses is obvious from the beginning of the book and its meaning evolves throughout the book. when the boys use the lenses from the glasses to start a fire When Jack’s hunters attack Ralph’s camp and take Piggy’s glasses and when Jack’s hunters take the power to make fire from Ralph’s groupwhen the boys on the island are stripping and hunting pigs with spears, Piggy’s glasses represent an intellectual and scientific advancementAt a glance, the glasses are a simple symbol. The most obvious symbol is that glasses are for looking through which entails piggy having foresight and the ability to see the bigger picture. Piggy knows things the other boys do not, like how to use the conch or the “necessity” of laws and keeping order.
When the boys take Piggy’s glasses, he can’t see anything. sight is the one-way piggy’s useful and the only reason he isn’t exiled from the boys. Without piggy’s glasses, he’s completely useless and the civilized world that Piggy represents is also useless.At the beginning of the book, the boys think that starting a fire is a necessity but the boys are unable to figure out how to do it. the best idea they can come up with is a vague idea of rubbing two sticks together. they instead rely on Piggy’s glasses, a link to the civilized world. When the glasses are destroyed, one more link to civilization is gone.
once the last big link to civilization is gone the glasses take on a whole new meaning: “The chief led them, trotting steadily, exulting in his achievement. He was a chief now in truth, and he made stabbing motions with his spear. From his left hand dangled Piggy’s broken glasses.” (296-302) the glasses are now being misused.
They’re not a symbol of reason, intelligence, and civilization; they are now a symbol of how far from civilization Jack’s hunters have come.