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People with
kleptomania often have another psychiatric disorder, such as depressive and
bipolar disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, personality disorders,
substance abuse disorders, and other impulse-control disorders01 . There is evidence linking kleptomania with the
neurotransmitter pathways in the brain associated with behavioral addictions,
including those associated with the serotonin, dopamine, and opioid systems.
(502 Bad Gateway, 2017). There are few scientific causes
of kleptomania. Firstly, is the problem with a naturally occurring brain
chemical (neurotransmitter) called serotonin. Serotonin
is a hormone that helps regulate moods and emotions. Low levels of serotonin
are common in people prone to impulsive behaviors. Next cause is due to the addictive disorders. Stealing may
cause the release of more dopamine. Dopamine is a kind of neurotransmitter that
is found in brain. High level of dopamine will cause our nervous system to be
more active. Dopamine also causes pleasurable feelings, and some people seek
this rewarding feeling again and again. This is why kleptomaniac patient cannot
resist themselves from stealing. Next, is the brain’s opioid system. Urges are regulated by the brain’s
opioid system. An imbalance in this system could make it harder to resist
urges. (Kleptomania, 2017).What causes
the imbalance in the brain’s opioid system? Imbalance in the brain’s opioid
system is due to high intake of drugs. It is important for us to understand
that consuming medicines without doctor’s prescription will cause damage to the
system. So, as a measure to avoid the above problems it is vital for us to take
medications with a doctor’s prescription. Regular follow up with the doctor
will make kleptomaniac patient to feel more comfortable since there is someone
who is willing to listen to their problems. This also ensures them to take all
their medicines on time because they scared if they do not do so then their
doctor will scold them. Antidepressant, specifically a selective serotonin
reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) can reduce other complications due to kleptomania
such as alcohol and substance misuse, personality
disorders, eating disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, suicidal
thoughts and suicide attempts. Selective
serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as Fluoxetine (Prozac), Fluvoxamine
(Luvox), Paroxetine (Paxil) and Sertraline (Zoloft) will raise serotonin levels
in the brain. (502 Bad Gateway, 2017). High level of serotonin will make one to calm down and
reduce their feeling when there is an urge to steal.


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