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Firstly, the Temple of Parthenon in Athens (constructed between 447-432 BC) is mainly considered to be of Doric order, although it also incorporates elements from the Ionic order into its design. The main purpose of the Temple was to hold the massive statue of Athena Parthenos (the Greek goddess of wisdom) and as a result the central area is much bigger and taller than usual, refining the front and back porches to smaller sizes. The back room was used to keep Athena’s treasure and four Ionic columns held the roof, every other column was of Doric order. There are eight columns at the front facade and seventeen at the sides.
Traditional temples in Greece were designed to be seen from the outside only, with columns spaced around to create a void centre and a view onto the statue inside. You would usually have to approach the temple from a corner, giving an oblique view of the monumental building, showing off its perfect form better. Many refinements were incorporated in the Parthenon such as making the columns slightly convex, correcting optical illusions caused by looking up at the tall columns. Upward curvature was also implemented at the base along the ends. Also, variations of column thickness were used to make corner columns thicker and intercolumniation was adjusted accordingly. It was a perfectionist design. 
Secondly, the Temple of Apollo in Didyma (constructed around 550BC) was of Ionic order entirely, unlike the Parthenon. The columns in Apollo were also much more slender, showing the Asia Minor influence. The temple of Apollo was also much grander than Parthenon, almost twice the size, with 2-3 rows of columns as opposed to just the single row in Parthenon.
The main differences arise when looking at the organisation of the temples. Whereas from the outside the Temple of Apollo looks similar to an ordinary Greek temple like the Parthenon, its interior is more unique. The inner chamber of Parthenon is built directly on top of the platform but the temple of Apollo was built around a sacred spring, so the chamber is ground level. To preserve the natural spring and the aesthetics of the temple, there are two hollow tunnels inside the temple, connecting the ground with the temple platform. The temple of Apollo also has areas with an open roof where trees were grown, whereas Parthenon is closed off entirely. The temple of Apollo also had a shrine within the shrine to hold the statue of Apollo, as opposed to holding it in the middle like in Parthenon.

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