Over the years people have learned to invent gadgets withthe purpose of making a certain task easier or more efficient. Even if it is assimple as making sewing clothes easier. Since the earliest of times, humans haveinvented tools and machines that facilitated a job they had to do.
During thetime of the Early Americas, there were many popular inventions of technologylike the cotton gin, the telegraph, the railroads, and many more. All thesepopular inventions led to a task being facilitated. In addition to that, manytimes society and the economy were largely impacted. Ever since middle school,we are taught that one of the most important technological advances was thecotton gin.
The cotton gin not only affected the people that worked infactories, but it also affected the economy in a great way. The infamous cottongin was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney. The purpose of this machine was topick cotton at a much faster rate than by hand. In addition, it facilitated theprocess of separating the cotton from the seed which led to much moreproduction of cotton than before.
Since the invention of the cotton gin, the amount of cotton produced doubledeach decade after the1800s. The cotton gin impacted the South more because itbrought consequences. Because of the high demand for cotton, southerners beganto rely on this cash crop. The desperate farmers planted cotton more and morewhich resulted in unhealthy soil. This forced farmers to travel west in searchfor better land. Because the cotton gin was basically doing the slaves job youwould think slavery decreased in the south. Unfortunately, that was not thecase, and slavery had a major increase. Itwas not until President Abraham Lincoln that slavery was abolished.
Anothervery famous technological invention during the times of Early America was theelectric telegraph. The electrical telegraph was a completely new way ofcommunication using telecommunication lines or radios. The electric telegraphsystem was invented by Samuel Morse in 1837. This machine gave Americans theopportunity to send and receive messages at a much faster and easier way thanbefore. The invention of the telegraph made the world a smaller place in thesense that it helped send information across the country faster than any otherform of communication they had before. Before the invention, information had tobe sent by horses, boats, trains, and any other transportation.
This poor wayof communication resulted to be very ineffective for a lot of train stations.If a locomotive had to abort a departure, the communication which was usuallyby horses, would take a long time. Thetelegraph largely impacted locomotives because after its invention, the trainstation was more effective in knowing exactly when the trains would depart.This made the process of the train station much smoother. It resulted in moredepartures and less waiting time for the people boarding. The government alsoused the invention of the telegraph for military purposes too.
The governmentused this to send information and secret messages to other cities such as acapital during wars. Furthermore, it was used a lot in ships that would gooverseas, but this was only used after the invention of radios. The telegraphwas a machine that changed and improved overtime.
Lastly, the steam engine had a great impactand was considered to be very efficient at the time. The famous steam enginewas invented by James Watt in 1781. A stream engine is a machine that uses heatto preform mechanical work. It uses thermodynamic energy to power itself.
Thesteam engine was so important because steam power was one of the most importantand key aspects of the Industrial Revolution. The invention of the steam engineimpacted society in the way that the rivers provided the power for thefactories. Once the steam engine was invented, factories could locate anywhere.They no longer had to be near rivers. A second impact of the steam engine onthe industrial revolution was the impact it had on transportation.
Because ofthe invention of the steam engine c steam powered locomotives were also invented.In conclusion, there were many more inventions during the Early Americas thatimproved the way of living people had. From small simple inventions like asewing machine to guns and weaponry, all these new forms of technology helpedinfluence the America we are today. The inventions mentioned help define the nation’srise as one of the most technologically and scientifically advanced nations inthe world. The accessibility of land and labor, the republican or democraticform of government, and the diversity of climate and all subsidized to thenation’s fast industrial development.