OUR ENVIROMENTEnvironment is a complex word to define.The term environment has been derived from a French word ‘Environia’ means to ‘surround or encircle’. It included land, flora, fauna, water, living organisms, forestsand everything above the earth. It refers to both abiotic (physical or non-living) and biotic (living) environment.Environment may be basically understood to signify our surroundings ofaliving organism, including living thingsand natural forces, which provide conditions for growth and development as well as of damage and danger.The safeguard of environment isa universal phenomenon and is not an isolated problem of any nation. However, diverse dimensions of the problem of environment protection and itsmanagement have takenacritical twist in the current era. Today, society’s interaction with nature isso widespread, that environment question hasassumed proportionsstirring all humanity. Industrialization, population explosion, urbanization, poverty, depletion of traditional resource of energy, over-exploitation of resourcesand raw materialsand the research for new sources of energy and raw materials, are some of the aspects which have added to environmental deterioration. As the technological and scientific progress of man has invested him with enormous power over nature, it hasalso resulted in inconsiderate use of the power, intruding endlessly on nature. There has to beacheck on thisactivity or else it will take away the environment of this beautiful land.Need to Protect the EnvironmentIf we don’t start thinking about the problems we are creating for the environment then soon we will face the problems like:-• One billion people in the world have no clean water• Two billion people have inadequate sanitation• One andahalf billion people (mostly in large cities of newly industrialized countries) breath air that isdangerously unhealthy• Hundreds of millions of poor farmersstruggle to makealiving on poor land• Whole countriesare on the verge of faminePeople don’t like to be ridiculed as “environmental wackos” or “tree huggers.” But it is important to care about the environment. Thoughtful people can care about the environment and at the same time see the need to exploit or use nature for resources to satisfy the needs of our species.Industrialization:-Since the ages of industrial and technological revolutions, economic growth has been regarded as the major fundamental of the world’s growth. Industrial growth hasstarted to affect the entire environment with itssevere downside problems. The formation of massive pollution making industriesare the result of the constant need and greed of the human being. These industries include, transportation and manufacturing, which are exhausting the earth’s resources, but also causing tremendousstress on the environment and the ecological system. The productiveness of industries generally depends on the natural resourcesavailable. The impact of industrialization on the environment has led the way with certain positive and large negative outcomes, with progressive ratesand inventions. There are quiteanumber of resourceful natural elements like, water, air, soil and fisheries, which are considered to be positive and fertile assets. The pollution of water, soil and air, are defined as the by-product of economical development in industry and city life. Global warming and greenhouse effect sare the result, which is amassive impact of industrialization on the environment. The degradation of the entire environment and ecological system, is inclined to become permanent and tends to cause several negative effects on the economy, by causing human losses, ill health of the employee’ sat large costs to governments, manufacturing and society. OBJECTIVE OF STUDYTo verify the hypothesis mentioned earlier and for the purpose of this compliance, the objectives for this study are specified as follows:1. To understand the environmental degradation caused by large scale industries as far as pollution is concerned.2. To examine the harmful impact of industrialization on the environment. 3. To study and understand the health hazards caused by large scale industries to the worker sand the population.4. To analyze the cases in which industries have led toharmful damage.5. To propose the need to protect the environment through a strong enforcement policy.SCOPE OF STUDYThe study intends to evaluate the relationship between the industriesand the environment. It shall also examine the legislations provided to check the environmental damage. The term environment, was taken for granted by man. He took it asa meager and cheap good, available free of cost. Therefore he used it to satisfy his own selfish needs. The urge of industrialization and economic development made man blind towards the harm which he is contributing to the environment. The industries have enormously used and exhausted our natural resourcesand have even discharged large quantities of pollutants in air, water, land and therefore lead to environmental degradation..My scope for studying is therefore to make the reader aware of the violation of “Environmental Laws” which are made for the protection of the environment and the negative impact of the pacing industries on the ecology and the non-observance of the constitutional duty of India to protect the environment and use it sustainably without deteriorating it.HYPOTHESISFor the purpose of this study, the hypotheses formulated by the researcher are as follows:’Rapid industrial growth has led to deterioration in the environment’Although there are existing laws for protection of the environment that penalise the industries for the harm done to the environment, yet the rate of environment degradation in the hands of industries has only increased. Hence afreshperspective towards this problem is needed and the existing legislation needs to become more stringent to put check on the environment degradation. This shall be done by studying the case laws in this regard and also amend the penalties in such away that the wrongdoer is deterred from doing the harm again. RESEARCH METHODOLOGYThe researcher in this study shall follow the “Doctrinal Approach”. The doctrinal approach shall be utilized asfollows: Firstly, utilize the primary data available in form of the national and international legislation on environment and analyze them and also observe the judicial interpretation of it in today’s time. Secondly, collect and study secondary datasuch as reports by the government, information gathered from journals, published books, newspaper articles, websitesand the lawsand cases which shall state out the depressing impact on environment made by the growing industries in the 21st century.SCHEME OF CHAPTERIZATION The researcher intends to present the dissertation through the following topics:Chapter 1:- IntroductionThissection shall introduce the reader with the basic concept of environment. It shall state the definition of environment and what it comprises of and the need to protect the environment. The various environmental issues that have arisen and are the cause of environmental degradation isalso carved out in this chapter. It shall also state the meaning of industrialization and how it has negatively impacted the environment in brief.Chapter 2:- Legal Framework on EnvironmentIn this section, the researcher shall attempt to examine the legislations, statutory interpretation of the same. It shall be the paramount attempt of the researcher to put up a practicalground in this chapter in order to assist an analysis of legislations, regarding environment protection, so as to tackle the lacunae innate in the Indian legal framework.Chapter 3:-Negative Impact of IndustrializationIn this section, the researcher chalks out the history of industrialization, and states its prosand cons. It shall also mention the negative impact of various industries on the environment and the health of the people.Chapter 4:-Judicial PronouncementsThis chapter shall deal with various judicial pronouncementson the negative impact of the industries on environment and how it polluted them. It shall state the decisions of the court and how the industries have affected the environment.Chapter 5: Environmental Impact Assessment and Corporate Social ResponsibilityThis chapter shall chalk out the meaning of EIA and state the way in which the industries can minimize environmental damage by calculating its impact earlier and taking necessary precautions. It shall also explain what is CSR and chalk out the social impact of an industrial activity on environment and the responsibility of industry towards the environment.Chapter 6:-Conclusionsand SuggestionsThis concluding chapter shall prescribe the researcher’spersonal inputsand suggestions that can be taken so far as the possible to curb the negative impact of the industries.DICTIONARIESBlack’s Law Dictionary, (7th Ed.), 1999.INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS1. Stockholm Declaration,1972.2. Brundtland Report, 1987.3. The Montreal Protocol(Ozone Treaty), 1987.4. Earth Summit, 1992.BOOKS1. Dr. PS Jaswal and Dr. Nishtha Jaswal,Environmental Law,3rd Edition, Allahabad Law Agency, Law PublishersFaridabad (Haryana), 2012.2. P.Leelakrishnan, Environemntal Law in India,3rd Edition, Lexis Nexis Butterworths Wadhwa, Nagpur,2008.3. KarunaSaxenaand Nityesh Bhatt, Environment Management Practices:An Indian Outlook,Himanshu Publications, New Delhi. PUBLISHED ARTICLESAND PAPERS1. Justice DM Dharmadhikari, “Environment-Problemsand Solutions”, 2. Syed Ussain Saheb, Sepuri Seshaiah and BuddollaViswanath, “Environment and Their Legal Issues in India”,International Research Journal of Environment Sciences,Vol. 1(3),2012.WEBLIOGRAPHY1. Pooja Mondal, “Meaning, Definition and Components of Environment”, available at www.yourarticlelibrary.com.2. Joseph, “Short Essay on Environment”, available at www.preservearticles.co.3. “Processof Industrialization in India”, available at www.studymode.com.