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one other, significant impacts in regards to language in the lands of Rus’ and its people were
bound to happen. The results do show as evidence shows that the Russian people have inherited
and used thousands of words and phrases. The Russian language was culturally affected by the
many features of the Mongol and Turkic languages. Some words that were adopted would be
known as: Barn, Coin, Horse, Customs and many more .
Another cultural influence can be seen through the field of art. The Mongols had limited
Russia and their interaction with the west. This meant that Russian artists could no longer imitate
Byzantine models. In doing so the Mongols would have perhaps not been their main source of
inheriting all forms of the arts, but they certainly did influence them. According to Hilton, the
architecture of St. Basil’s Cathedral on Red Square takes on some of the art forms of the
Mongols. This can be seen through the distinct Eastern styles of the dome shapes and use of tile.
Some other Russian art forms that can be seen as influenced have come from songs. Stasov
claims that byliny, the epic songs that contained the oldest folk myths and legends of Russia are
from Asia, specifically Mongolia.
Perhaps the most important cultural influence is that the Mongol empire in many ways
forced the Russian empire to unify. The Mongols if anything were the catalyst or the foundation
of what would become the unified Russia. This is a great ordeal because prior to the Mongol rule
Russia was broken up into provinces and selfish rulers. This idea unification of Russia would
begin in 1380 when a prince named Dmitri Donskoy had the courage and boldness to attack the
Mongol empire. In Kulikovo Field he was pronounced to many people’s disbeliefs victorious.
The Tatar in response did retaliated, though for two years the Russians were able to maintain
6 Orlando, Figes. Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, p. 371.
Nguyen 6
their rule over the city. Although much later, the taste of victory never left Russia for in 1480 it
would happen again in Moscow the same city that was victorious in 1380. Moscow once more
had felt strong enough and again they found victory against the Tatars and the Mongol empire.
The ruler at that time was Grand Duke Ivan III, better known as Ivan the Great was effectively in
control of the entire country after his win over the Tatars. With much more to fix and build he
was not able to officially unify Russia. Instead his grandson, Ivan IV (the Terrible), somehow
managed to unify Russia. Culturally without the Mongols this unification would have never
happen, as the Russian rule was protected from outsiders by the Mongols. With that in mind
Russia was able to find weakness in the Mongol empire inside then out, being able to take full
advantage of their opportunity.
Politically the Mongols also found its way to affect Russia as well. Although the
Mongols ruled Russia with a light hand especially in comparison to China, it is still apparent that
the Mongols would impact Russia politically. The most obvious and apparent political change
that Russia had gone through because of the Mongol empire, was their isolation. This isolation
that Russia faced equated to adopting a more Eastern way of life, and being less Western . This 7
more Eastern way of life, meant that Russia lived in time. What that basically means is that they
began to follow the natural order of time, to do what they must and work. Change was seen as a
difficult and hard transaction in the Eastern culture, Russia as evidence shows began to follow
the sequence set by the Mongols. They also became more passive and submissive rather than
aggressive. They used to be aggressive prior to the Mongol invasion, fighting left and right for
provinces. Now they were politically submissive and were faced away from Western ideas and

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