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On December 17th in 1706, Emilie du Châtelet was born into an aristocratic family in France during the Enlightenment. Chatelet began showing intelligence in her early childhood. She demonstrated such intelligence compared to the other children that her father hired her tutors. She learned six languages by the age of six, which I could never do! Emilie was highly fortunate that she was granted allowance to pursue an education because not many women at the time were as educated as she was. A few years later, when she was 19 years old, she married the soldier Marquis Florent du Châtelet, but he was always needing to move from place to place. Unfortunately, she saw her husband infrequently and preferred the company of scientists and mathematicians who were their friends. Due to this Chatelet only stayed with him for five years before returning to Paris. Then in 1733, she met one of the leading writers and thinkers of the time, Voltaire. Chatelet and Voltaire soon became friends, which lead to an affair. Voltaire was almost charged with arrest because of his criticism of the French political and social structure, but avoided it by staying at one of the Chatelet estates at Cirey in Champagne. Five years later, Voltaire and du Châtelet competed for a prize given by the Academy of Sciences together. The prize was given for an essay on the nature of fire. After learning that they had not won the pair were feeling fine because their essay “Dissertation on the nature and spread of fire” was published at the Academy’s expense in 1744.Later, Chatelet wrote several other published works on the topics philosophy and religion after this contest had ended, but that is not what she committed her life to doing. Emilie committed her life to translating the works of Sir Isaac Newton, the Principia Mathematica in particular, from Latin into French. The intensity of the pace she worked had weakened her considerably. Emilie is described to have worked endlessly and intently on this project. Emilie not only translated the text into French, but she also made it more understandable by adding calculus to show Newton’s confusing geometric proofs.The final work of Chatelet includes a preface written by Voltaire and it was under the direction of the French mathematician Alexis-Claude Clairaut. The work was finally published in 1756, before the birth of her second daughter. Both Chatelet and Voltaire lived together even after Chatelet started having an ongoing affair with the poet Jean-François de Saint-Lambert. She later died Giving birth at the court of Stanislas Leszczy?ski, who was the Duke of Lorraine. They were having a daughter together. Saint-Lambert, Voltaire, and her husband were right beside her the entire time before and at the time of death. Next, a few famous quotes from Emilie du Chatelet in dedication to her to show our thanks for her contribution to the world of mathematics. ¨love of learning is the most necessary passion … in it lies our happiness. It’s a sure remedy for what ails us, an unending source of pleasure.¨( the quote shows how Emilie wants to emphasize that learning is the most necessary passion. ¨Let us choose for ourselves our path in life, and let us try to strew that path with flowers.¨( She means we should be happy about the path that we chose. ¨Self-love is always the mainspring, more or less concealed, of our actions; it is the wind which swells the sails, without which the ship could not go.¨( I personally love this last quote because of her reference to sailing, but she means that self-love is one of the main things that drives us in life. My last quote in dedication is, “If I were king, I would redress an abuse which cuts back, as it were, one half of humankind. I would have women participate in all human rights, especially those of the mind.”( and what she means by that is women should be able to have the same rights as men, and they need to not be abused. These quotes are all very inspiring, maybe just as much as the person who said them!In Conclusion, Emilie du Chatelet was a well-renowned mathematician and published author of philosophy and religion. She was a highly educated woman of the 1700s that helped to shape the world of mathematics. Her most famous work of completing the translation of Principia Mathematica by Sir Isaac Newton is still used today to help make the understanding easier. I think that every time we hear or talk about Newton we should also remember Emilie du Chatelet.

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