Onthe other hand, there are also a few advantages coming from this system. Forexample, it encourages political stability. The U.S. focuses on a two-partysystem because of the structure in the Electoral College. This means most electedcandidates will either be Republican or Democrat.
Although third partycandidates would consider this a disadvantage, it keeps the election simple. TheElectoral College also promotes checks and balances. This prevents one personfrom having too much power.
However,questions arise as to whether or not this is the best and most efficient methodof electing our president. There are some possibilities what the popular voteand the electoral vote could conflict and the candidate whom more people desireas president would lose out to a person who won more electoral college votes,but less popular votes. Swing states are those states that don’t have afavorite party and switch from Republican to Democrat often. These states arethe ones that obtain the majority of attention because candidates are trying toget more votes from those states. Another disadvantage about the ElectoralCollege is that voters feel like their vote won’t make a difference and aren’t motivatedenough to vote.
The popular vote is a simple majority, but the ElectoralCollege consists of rearranging votes every 10 years because of the change inpopulation. Today,each state has a number of electors equal to the number of its U.S. senators plusthe number of its representatives. Since California is the largest state it hasthe most representatives which are 53 plus 2 senators equal to fifty-fiveelectors. In total, the Electoral College includes 538 electors as allowed bythe 23rd amendment.
Each political party has an equal number ofelectors. There are 538 electors for the Republicans and another 538 for Democrats.In order to win presidency, it is required to receive at least 270 electoralvotes. If there is no majority, then the election goes into the House ofRepresentatives where each state is given one vote and they vote on the topthree candidates.
Some states have a long history of voting for a particularparty known as safe states. For example, Democrats could count on states suchas Maryland, Oregon, Michigan and Massachusetts. On the other hand, Republicanscould count on states like Mississippi, Alabama, Kansas and Idaho.
In1787, the founding fathers were trying to find a way to ease the process toelecting a president. The framers of the Constitution then created the systemcalled Electoral College. The founding fathers established it in the Constitutionas a compromise between election of the President by vote in Congress andelection of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
They believedthat citizens wouldn’t have sufficient information on the presidentialcandidates. They were afraid of direct election to the presidency because theyfeared someone could manipulate public opinion and come to power. They believedthat with the Electoral College no one would be able to manipulate the results.Inthe United States, everyone has an equal voice in electing the people thatserve in the government. Our President is chosen through the Electoral College,which is a group of people appointed by their parties to choose our president. Eachof the states receive a certain number of electors, which is determined by thetotal number of senators and representatives.
In other words, each state has tohave at least three electors. Each state has the right to decide how to selectthese electors. Many use the general ticket systems and others use the districtsystem.