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Obesity is a serious medical condition which threats to children
and adolescents. People in the obese category are above the normal weight for
their age and height. It also affects the psychology of the child, causing
feelings of fear, inferiority, afraid to interact with others. Even growing up
if you continue to maintain such weight can cause mental disorders. Obviously,
obesity is not just a matter of weight and appearance, it also has serious
consequences that directly affect their life. Therefore, it is essential to
find the factors that contribute to development of child and teen obesity and
then give measures and strategies to have a healthy lifestyle.

  First and foremost, dietary
factors play a role in the risk of obesity development. It includes fast food consumption, sugary
beverages, snack foods, and portion sizes. Today’s kids and teens are not just learning at school, but
they are also busy with outgoing activities, playing sports or going to work to
enhance some soft skills. Therefore, they do not have enough time to prepare a
full meal, that is the reason for fast food with cheap prices is a top
priority. This food has a
very attractive flavor, stimulates the taste makes them eat uncontrollably. However,
it contains very high calories. A
large fast food meal can contain about 2 200 calories, which at a burn rate of
85–100 calories per mile would require something near a full marathon to expend
(Anderson et al., 2003). The body will store the
extra energy as fat. That similarly happens when they regularly use sugary
drinks including soft drinks and fruit juice. Portion sizes tend to be
substantially larger, and this may confound the dietary methodologies that they
have. Frequently eating these foods will
increase the amount of total calorie intake leading to being obese rapidly.

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  Additionally, lack of physical activity is
another important factor related to obesity. Many children and teenagers study at
school that involve sitting at a desk for most of the day ,so they become lazy
to move from one place to another place by walking or cycling even short
distance. Instead of going out, they always choose to stay at home and watch TV.
This brings two disadvantages. Not only do they not work to burn excess
calories in the body but also want to eat more when watching the advertisements
on television.

  Last but not least, genetic factors also promote child and
teen obesity. Many
researchers believe that genetics plays a strong role in determining whether an
individual has weight problems. Studies have found a correlation between parent
and child obesity, although such a correlation may be due either to genetic or
common environmental factors. In spite of some rare genetic conditions that can
provoke obesity, but there’s no
reason why most people can’t lose weight. Some people assert there’s no point trying to lose
weight because “it runs in my family” or “it’s in my
genes”. It may be true that certain genetic traits inherited from your
parents which may make losing weight more difficult, but it certainly doesn’t
make it impossible

 

 

 

 

In the general population, genetic factors play a role in the risk
of obesity development (Koletzko

et al., 2002). Many researchers believe that genetics plays a
strong role in determining whether

an individual has weight problems. Studies have found a
correlation between parent and child

obesity, although such a correlation may be due either to genetic
or common environmental

factors, because the family shares both. More likely, genetics
determines whether one is

susceptible to the disease of obesity (Anderson et al., 2003).

Pediatricians are well aware of genetic defect leading to
syndromatic obesity, such as those

found in patients with Laurence Moon Bardet Bieldl syndrome,
Prader Willi syndrome, Trisomy

21, Wiedemman Beckwith syndrome, and others. Recently, other
specific, monogenetic

disorders have been identified as rare causes of obesity beginning
in early childhood

 

 

 

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