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mushrooms are valuable food because they are low in fat, calories, sodium and
carbohydrates. More than 2000 species of mushrooms exist in nature but around
25 are widely accepted as food and few are commercially cultivated. However,
there is not an easy distinction between edible, non-edible and medical
mushrooms because many of the common edible species used for medical purpose
and have therapeutic properties are also edible. Oyster mushrooms in the genus
Pleurotus stand out as exceptional allies for improving environmental and human
health. These mushrooms enjoy a terrific reputation as the richly nutritious,
medicinally supportive and easiest to cultivate.

 Oyster mushrooms contain the chemical
lovastatin, a natural statin according to the Slovenian National Institute of
Chemistry. There are also plentiful in B vitamins, rich in protein (up to 30
percent by dry weight), have no cholesterol and have significant level of the
cholesterol-lowering. Oyster mushrooms have been research and studied for their
benefits in helping modulate blood cholesterol level. Cholesterol is
synthesized by a long progression of enzyme-mediated steps, and statin, like
lovastatin, inhibit one of the enzymes at the start of the process to keep
cholesterol from being produced.  

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Besides that,
oyster mushrooms are mostly found in the Chinese foods. It is uses widely due to
its high amount of nutrient such as vitamin D. Oyster mushrooms also help to
maintain the level of blood sugar. The calcium is required for the insulin
secretion. The insufficient of insulin in the body results in diabetes. Vitamin
D helps to lower inflammation and raise the insulin sensitivity. There are
studies shows that vitamin D helps to prevent both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. According
to the World Health Organisation (WHO) , diabetes affects over 220 million
people globally and the consequences of high blood sugar kill 3.4 million every
year. If such statistics were not enough, the World Health Organisation (WHO)
is predicting deaths to double between 2005 and 2030.

Brain health also
can be increase by using oyster mushrooms. The studies show oyster contain coppers.
It has an impact on the brain pathways such as galactose and dopamine which helps
to maintain the mood, energy, outlook and focus. Fatigue, low metabolic
activity, problem in concentration and poor mood occur when copper is low in
our system. Besides that, copper also helps to utilize the antioxidants such as
vitamin C, superoxide dismutase, ascorbate oxidase, and tyrosinase. This helps
to slow down the process of ageing, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer and
also to prevent the damage made by free radicals in the brain.

Oyster mushrooms
also rich in vitamin B12. A function of vitamin B12 is to make red blood cells,
which carry oxygen through your body. An inadequate amount of oxygen in the
blood, low red bloods cell production is the causes of Anaemia which can be
life-threatening condition. It can causes chest pain, fatigue, yellow skin,
irregular heartbeats, headache and shortness of breath. The people with low
vitamin B12 have the high chances of sickle cell anaemia. The research shows
that vitamin B12 helps to reduce the homocysteine level in the blood. Globally,
anaemia affect 1.62 billion people and the highest prevalence is in
preschool-age children, and the lowest prevalence in men. However, the
population group with the greatest number of individuals affected in
non-pregnant women.

In nutshell,
oyster mushrooms have lots of benefit such as to lower cholesterol level,
maintain the level of blood sugar, brain and for treatment of anaemia. Mushrooms
act as antibacterial, immune system enhancer and cholesterol lowering agent,
additionally, they are important sources of bioactive compound. As a result of
these properties, some mushrooms extracts are used to promote human health and
are found as dietary supplements.

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