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Narendra Sookram Ms. Ironside  CHW3M1-0112 January 2018The Comparison between Classical Athens and Justinian DynastiesAccording to Wikipedia, the Justinian Dynasty is referred to as, “A family who ruled over the Byzantine Empire from 518 to 602. It originated with Justin I and ended with Maurice” In addition, “Classical Athens refers to the city of Athens from 508 to 322 BC. Athens was one of the most powerful cities in ancient times”. Many ancient civilizations had many similarities and differences compared to each other, such as the Classical Athenians and Justinian Romans. To begin with, they both deified a polytheistic religion. Moreover, they both had an unalike governmental system, meaning they had different methodologies changing and choosing their leader. And lastly, they both treated womankind equivalently unpleasant in both dynasties.   Religion is somewhat astonishingly similar in both Classical Athens and Justinian Dynasties but many may ask what the dominant religious system was. During the classical dynasty of Greece, the dominant religion was the worshiping of the twelve major Olympian gods and goddesses, which included Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, Athena, Ares, Aphrodite, Apollo, Artemis, Hephaestus, Hermes, and Dionysus. Essentially, the Greeks during that time period were involved in a polytheistic religion. Correspondingly, throughout the Justinian dynasty, specifically during the reign of Justinian I the dominant religion was Orthodox Christianity. Meaning they have faith in three fully divine beings; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, resulting in a polytheistic belief. Religion may exceedingly be similar in both Roman and Greek dynasties but the tactic on how their leaders are selected are entirely different.As one may be aware, leadership was an extremely significant aspect of ancient civilizations, but one may ask how leaders were changed or chosen? During the Classical Greece dynasty, specifically Classical Athens, a democratic system was the approach on how leaders were changed. According to Merriam-Webster, a democracy means, “Government by the people; especially: rule of the majority”. In actual fact, it is widely referred as the birthplace of democracy. Basically, the Classical Athenians elected their government by an election and the representative with the majority of votes would become the government. On the other hand, during the Justinian Dynasty, a monarchy was assembled which became the method of how a leader was changed. According to Wikipedia, a monarchy means, “A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty, embodies the country’s national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.” Fundamentally, the Justinian people had no saying in choosing their leader, resulting in a totally different approach to how they reformed their government. Although they didn’t have the same government system, they both depressingly treated women the same.The Athenian Greeks and Justinian Romans treated women in a disrespectful way. According to Wikipedia, during Classical Athens girls were not educated; instead, their mothers would teach them the skills needed to run a household, including a family.  Athenian women, including girls, were primarily in charge of maintaining the household and raising children; they were basically recognized as nannies, resulting in an unforgettably horrid behaviour because they ultimately did not have a saying on how they would want to live their life, instead they were forced to acquire the fundamental skills of raising a family. Much like the Classical Athenians, according to Global Connections, throughout the Justinian Dynasty, women were regarded as less than men, who had nothing to provide society beyond their roles running a household and rising child. Much like the Athenians, women in the Justinian Dynasty have been treated nothing more than wet-nurses and housekeepers. As mentioned, they were seen as less than men, resulting in women facing a disgusting and disheartening treatment at the time.   As stated, throughout the Justinian and Classical Athens Dynasty, they worshiped a polytheistic belief system. Furthermore, they both had unrelated governmental structures, and finally, both of them acted upon womenfolk homogeneously unkind in both dynasties.  Although both dynasties had brutality, one can say that future societies introduced substantial concepts from both. In fact, according to Wikipedia, Classical Athens was incredibly well known; “It is widely referred to as the cradle of Western Civilization, and the birthplace of democracy, largely due to the impact of its cultural and political achievements during the 5th and 4th centuries BC on the rest of the then-known European continent.” In conclusion, the Justinian Romans and Classical Athenians were exceedingly analogous perhaps, one was under ones influence.

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